Social system

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A social system is the patterned series of interrelationships existing between individuals, groups, and institutions and forming a whole.[1]


Talcott Parsons was the first to formulate a systematic theory of social systems, which he did as a part of his AGIL paradigm. He defined a social system as only a segment (or a "subsystem") of what he called action theory.[2]


Jay Wright Forrester described three counter-intuitive behaviours as important: causes from symptoms are often far removed in time and space, identifying leverage points and conflicting short and long-term consequences.[3]


Niklas Luhmann believes in the significance of communicative processes...

See also[edit]


  • Parsons, Talcott. (1970). The System of Modern Societies, New York
  • Parsons, Talcott. (1977). Social Systems and the Evolution of Action Theory, New York
  • Parsons, Talcott. (1978). Action Theory and the Human Condition, New York


  1. ^ "Definition". Merriam Webster. November 2014. Retrieved November 2014.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  2. ^ Parsons, Talcott. (1951). The Social System. New York: Free Press.
  3. ^ Forrester, Jay. 1971. Counterintuitive behavior of social systems. Chapter VI. Technology Review 73(3): 52–68