Socialism and Freedom Party
|Socialism and Freedom Party|
|Founded||June 6, 2004|
|Headquarters||SDS, Edificio Venâncio V, Loja 28
Libertarian socialism
|International affiliation||Different groups in the PSOL have different international affiliations.|
|TSE Identification Number||50|
|Seats in the Chamber of Deputies|
|Seats in the Senate|
|Seats in the Legislative Assemblies of the States|
|Seats in City Councils|
|Politics of Brazil
The Socialism and Freedom Party (Portuguese: Partido Socialismo e Liberdade IPA: [paʁˈtʃidu sosjɐˈlizmw i libeʁˈdadʒi], PSOL IPA: [peˈsɔw]) is a Brazilian political party (11.000 members). Among the party leaders are Heloísa Helena (Alagoas), federal deputies Luciana Genro (Rio Grande do Sul) and Babá (Pará), and a number of well-known Brazilian left-wing leaders and intellectuals, such as Milton Temer, Michael Löwy, Jean Wyllys, Vladimir Safatle, Marcelo Freixo, Chico Alencar, Plínio de Arruda Sampaio, Renato Roseno, Carlos Nelson Coutinho, Ricardo Antunes, Francisco de Oliveira, João Machado, Pedro Ruas and others.
PSOL was formed after Heloísa Helena, Luciana Genro, Babá and João Fontes (also a federal deputy, now a member of the Democratic Labour Party, PDT) were expelled from the Workers' Party, after voting against the pension reform proposed by Lula. After collecting more than 438,000 signatures, PSOL became Brazil's 29th officially recognized political party, the first to do so by this method. PSOL claims the left opposition of the Workers' Party current government.
PSOL is a left-wing party in opposition to President Dilma Rousseff's government Workers Party. There are in PSOL many ideological tendencies such as Trotskyists, popular-democratics, independent left-wing activists.
PSOL is self identified as democratic, socialist, internationalist, libertarian and anticapitalist party.
Members of the National Congress
Following the 2010 general election, PSOL currently has one senator and three federal deputies in the National Congress of Brazil. Although being very small in parliament PSOL is the 5th most popular party in Brazil, and it's recognized as different from the bigger PSDB and PT parties and the "physiological" parties without an ideology.
|Randolfe Rodrigues||Amapá||Unidade Socialista|
|Francisco "Chico" Alencar||RJ|
|Ivan Valente||SP||Unidade Socialista|
Former deputies: Maninha (DF), João Fontes (SE), Luciana Genro (RS), Babá (DF), Orlando Fantazzini (SP) and João Alfredo (CE).
|Raul Marcelo||SP||1º de Maio|
|Carlos Giannazi||SP||close to Movimento Esquerda Socialista|
|Fabrício Furlan||Amapá||Unidade Socialista|
|Professor Paulo Lemos||Amapá||Unidade Socialista|
|Edilson Silva||Pernambuco||Unidade Socialista|
|Pedro Ruas||Rio Grande do Sul||Movimento Esquerda Socialista|
|Clécio Luís||Macapá||Unidade Socialista|
|Gelsimar Gonzaga||Itaocara||Corrente Socialista dos Trabalhadores|
PSOL launched Heloísa Helena to run for president in 2006 elections. The vice-presidential candidate was intellectual César Benjamin. The party ran in a left-wing ticket along with two other parties: trotskyist United Socialist Workers' Party (PSTU) and communist Brazilian Communist Party (PCB).
The alliance was extended to gubernatorial elections. In Minas Gerais, for instance, Vanessa Portugal, from the PSTU, ran for governor with PSOL's support, although not with PCB's. Prominent PSOL gubernatorial candidates were Plínio de Arruda Sampaio in São Paulo, Milton Temer in Rio de Janeiro and Roberto Robaina in Rio Grande do Sul. However, they were all defeated.
Heloísa Helena finished the presidential race in the third place, receiving 6.5 million votes throughout the country (6.85% of the valid votes). Three federal deputies, Luciana Genro, Chico Alencar and Ivan Valente, managed to get re-elected.
In the 2010 candidate for presidential election Plínio de Arruda Sampaio received 888.000 votes (0,87%). Plinio presented an agrarian reform project in 1964 when he was federal deputy, but the 1964 Military Coup ended the project and Plinio lost his mandate. Although he received very few votes Plinio became famous after the elections because he was qualified as an anti-candidate.
PSOL elected three deputies again, Chico Alencar, Ivan Valente and Jean Wyllys, who is compared to American politician Harvey Milk and have became the best Brazilian deputy according to journalists.
Toninho do PSOL from Federal District got the best gubernatorial result. He finished in third place with 14,25%.
In the northern second largest city Belém and in Rio de Janeiro, PSOL finished second and elected four city councillors - the second largest group in those councils. In Belem Edmilson Rodrigues got 43,39% and in Rio de Janeiro Marcelo Freixo got 28,15%, almost 1 million votes.
In São Paulo, Fortaleza, Campinas, Belo Horizonte, Curitiba, Salvador, Natal, Florianópolis, Niterói, São Gonçalo and Pelotas PSOL also got respectable results. In the 2012 49 city councilors from PSOL were elected.
The former federal deputy Luciana Genro, from Movimento Esquerda Socialista, was the candidate in the 2014 Presidential Elections. She got 1,612,186 votes finishing in 4th place. She received the support of important Brazilian intellectuals and popstars like Chico de Oliveira, Rogério Arantes, Vladimir Safatle, Michel Löwy, Gregorio Duvivier, Valesca Popozuda, Zélia Duncan, Karina Buhr, Clara Averbuck, Marina Lima, Juca Kfouri, Preta Gil, Laerte Coutinho, Marcelo Yuka and the international popstar Jessica Sutta. Her candidature was well regarded in the LGBT community.
PSOL elected 5 federal deputies and 12 state deputies. Marcelo Freixo (RJ) received the highest vote for a state deputy in Brazil with 350,408 votes. Carlos Giannazi was the leftist most voted in São Paulo with 164,929 votes.
Governors Tarcísio Motta (RJ) with 8.92% (14.62% in city of Rio Janeiro) and Robério Paulino (RN) with 8.74% (22.45% in capital Natal) got excellent results. Senator candidate Heloísa Helena (AL) got 31.86% but she lost the election to polemic and former Brazilian president Fernando Collor de Mello.
|Election year||Candidate||1st round||2nd round|
|# of overall votes||% of overall vote||# of overall votes||% of overall vote|
|2006||Heloísa Helena||6,575,393||6.9 (#3)|
|2010||Plínio de Arruda Sampaio||886,816||0.9 (#4)|
|2014||Luciana Genro||1,612,186||1.6 (#4)|
Chamber of Deputies
|Election year||# of overall votes||% of overall vote||# of overall seats won||+/-||Government||Notes|
|Election year||# of overall votes||% of overall vote||# of overall seats won||+/-||Notes|
45 - BSDP (PSDB)
|Numbers of Brazilian Official Political Parties
50 - SFP (PSOL)
56 - PRNO (PRONA) - defunct
65 - CPB (PCdoB)