Socialism and Freedom Party
|Socialism and Freedom Party|
|Founded||June 6, 2004|
|Headquarters||SDS, Edificio Venâncio V, Loja 28
|Political position||Left-wing to Far-left|
|International affiliation||Different groups in the PSOL have different international affiliations.|
|TSE Identification Number||50|
|Seats in the Chamber of Deputies|
|Seats in the Senate|
|Seats in the Legislative Assemblies of the States|
|Seats in City Councils|
|Politics of Brazil
The Socialism and Freedom Party (Portuguese: Partido Socialismo e Liberdade IPA: [paʁˈtʃidu sosjɐˈlizmw i libeʁˈdadʒi], PSOL IPA: [peˈsɔw]) is a Brazilian political party (11.000 members). Among the party leaders are Heloísa Helena (Alagoas), federal deputies Luciana Genro (Rio Grande do Sul) and Babá (Pará), and a number of well-known Brazilian left-wing leaders and intellectuals, such as Milton Temer, Michel Löwy, Vladimir Safatle, Marcelo Freixo, Chico Alencar, Plínio de Arruda Sampaio, Renato Roseno, Carlos Nelson Coutinho, Ricardo Antunes, Francisco de Oliveira, João Machado, Pedro Ruas and others.
PSOL was formed after Heloísa Helena, Luciana Genro, Babá and João Fontes (also a federal deputy, now a member of the Democratic Labour Party, PDT) were expelled from the Workers' Party, after voting against the pension reform proposed by Lula. After collecting more than 438,000 signatures, PSOL became Brazil's 29th officially recognized political party, the first to do so by this method. PSOL claims the left opposition of the Workers' Party current government.
PSOL is a left-wing party in opposition to President Dilma's Workers Party. Although it was founded by trotskyists (from Workers Party and PSTU) groups in 2003 nowadays there are in PSOL maoists, popular-democratics, other socialists tendencies and independents.
PSOL is self identified as democratic, socialist, internationalist, libertarian and anticapitalist party.
Members of the National Congress
Following the 2010 general election, PSOL currently has one senator and three federal deputies in the National Congress of Brazil. Although being very small in parliament, PSOL is the 5th most popular party in Brazil, and it's recognized as different from the bigger PSDB and PT parties, and the "physiological" parties without an ideology.
|Randolfe Rodrigues||Amapá||Socialist Popular Action|
|Francisco "Chico" Alencar||RJ|
|Ivan Valente||SP||Socialist Popular Action|
|Janira Rocha||RJ||Land and Freedom Movement|
|Carlos Giannazi||SP||aligned with Left Socialist Movement|
|Edmilson Costa||Pará||Socialist Popular Action|
|Sargento Amauri Soares||Santa Catarina||Luís Carlos Prestes Proletarian Tendency|
|Clécio Luís||Macapá||Socialist Popular Action|
|Gelsimar Gonzaga||Itaocara||Socialist Workers Tendency|
PSOL launched Heloísa Helena to run for president in 2006 elections. The vice-presidential candidate was intellectual César Benjamin. The party ran in a left-wing ticket along with two other parties: trotskyist United Socialist Workers' Party (PSTU) and communist Brazilian Communist Party (PCB).
The alliance was extended to gubernatorial elections. In Minas Gerais, for instance, Vanessa Portugal, from the PSTU, ran for governor with PSOL's support, although not with PCB's. Prominent PSOL gubernatorial candidates were Plínio de Arruda Sampaio in São Paulo, Milton Temer in Rio de Janeiro and Roberto Robaina in Rio Grande do Sul. However, they were all defeated.
Heloísa Helena finished the presidential race in the third place, receiving 6.5 million votes throughout the country (6.85% of the valid votes). Three federal deputies managed to get re-elected.
In the 2010 candidate for presidential election Plínio de Arruda Sampaio received 888.000 votes (0,87%). Although he received very few votes Plinio became famous after the elections because he was qualified as an anti-candidate.
In 2012 PSOL got its best results so far. Clecio Luis and Gelsimar Gonzaga were elected mayors in Macapá, Amapá's state capital, and Itaocara. In the northern second largest city Belém and in Rio de Janeiro, PSOL finished second and elected four city councillors - the second largest group in those councils. In São Paulo, Fortaleza, Campinas, Belo Horizonte, Curitiba, Salvador, Natal, Florianópolis, Niterói, São Gonçalo and Pelotas PSOL also got respectable results. In the 2012 49 nine city councillors from PSOL were elected.
The former federal deputy Luciana Genro, from the Left Socialist Movement, is the pre-candidate to 2014 Presidential Elections and probably a Left Front can be formed with PSTU, PCR and PCB, other left-opposition parties in Brazil.
|Election year||Candidate||1st round||2nd round|
|# of overall votes||% of overall vote||# of overall votes||% of overall vote|
|2006||Heloísa Helena||6,575,393||6.9 (#3)|
|2010||Plínio de Arruda Sampaio||886,816||0.9 (#4)|
Chamber of Deputies
|Election year||# of overall votes||% of overall vote||# of overall seats won||+/-||Government||Notes|
|Election year||# of overall votes||% of overall vote||# of overall seats won||+/-||Notes|
45 - BSDP (PSDB)
|Numbers of Brazilian Official Political Parties
50 - SFP (PSOL)
56 - PRNO (PRONA) - defunct
65 - CPB (PCdoB)