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The Socialist Party of Romania (Romanian: Partidul Socialist Român) is a political party in Romania formed as the Socialist Alliance Party in 2003. It developed out of the wing of the Socialist Party of Labour (PSM) that objected to the merger of PSM with the Social Democratic Party in July 2003 and wanted PSM to continue to exist as a socialist party. Romanian authorities did not recognize this group as PSM, and instead it took the name PAS (Socialist Alliance Party). On 1 December 2013, the party decided to change its name to the Socialist Alternative Party. In 2015, it changed its name to the Socialist Party of Romania. The unregistered Romanian Communist Party (present-day) had argued that PAS is a pseudo-communist party.
SPR decided to rename itself the Romanian Communist Party at an extraordinary party congress in July 2010, placing itself in the tradition of the party of the same name founded in 1921. The renaming was however rejected by the Bucharest tribunal.
In 2013 it has won 34 local seats.
The party is led by a 165-member National Committee, a 60-member Directive Committee and a 60-member Executive Bureau.