Socialist Destourian Party

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Socialist Destourian Party/Constitutional Socialist Party

حزب الاشتراكي الدستوري
French nameParti socialiste destourien
Former presidentsHabib Bourguiba (1964–1987)
Zine El Abidine Ben Ali (1987–1988)
Founded22 October 1964 (1964-10-22)
Dissolved27 February 1988 (1988-02-27)
Preceded byNeo Destour
Succeeded byConstitutional Democratic Rally
International affiliationSocialist International

The Socialist Destourian Party (Arabic: الحزب الاشتراكي الدستوريal-Ḥizb al-Ishtirākī ad-Dustūrī ; French: Parti socialiste destourien) was the ruling political party of Tunisia from 1964 to 1988. Bahi Ladgham was the first Prime Minister from the party and Hédi Baccouche was the last. It was founded on 22 October 1964 and disbanded on 27 February 1988. Habib Bourgiba was the first president of the Socialist Destourian Party 1964–1987. He was succeeded by Zine El Abidine Ben Ali 1987–1988.

History[edit]

Independence of Tunisia from France was negotiated largely by the Neo Destour's Bourguiba. The effective date was March 20, 1956. The next year the Republic of Tunisia was constituted, which replaced the Beylical form of government. Tunisia became a one-party state, with Neo Destour as the ruling party under Prime Minister and later President Habib Bourguiba.[1] Later the Neo Destour party was renamed the Socialist Destourian Party in 1964, to signal the government's commitment to a socialist phase of political-economic development. This phase failed to fulfill expectations, however, and was discontinued in 1969 with the dismissal of Ahmad ben Salah as economics minister by President Bourguiba.[2][3][4]

Electoral history[edit]

Presidential elections[edit]

Election date Party candidate Number of votes Percentage of votes Result
1964 Habib Bourguiba Not released 100% Elected
1969 Habib Bourguiba Not released 100% Elected
1974 Habib Bourguiba Not released 100% Elected

Chamber of Deputies elections[edit]

Election date Party leader Number of votes Percentage of votes Number of seats
1964 Habib Bourguiba 1,255,153 100%
101 / 101
1969 Habib Bourguiba 1,363,939 100%
101 / 101
1974 Habib Bourguiba 1,570,954 100%
112 / 112
1979 Habib Bourguiba 1,560,753 100%
121 / 121
1981 Habib Bourguiba 1,828,363 94.2%
136 / 136
1986 Habib Bourguiba Not released Not released
125 / 125

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Brace, Morocco Algeria Tunisia (Prentice Hall 1964) pp. 114-116, 121-123, 140-143.
  2. ^ Perkins, A History of Modern Tunisia (Cambridge University 2004) at 146-147.
  3. ^ Jean R. Tartter, "Government and Politics" at 234-238, in Tunisia. A Country Study (Washington, D. C. 1987).
  4. ^ Abadi, Tunisia since the Arab Conquest (Ithaca 2013) pp. 139-141.