Socialist Party (India)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Socialist Party of India)
Jump to: navigation, search

Socialist Party has been the name of several political parties in India, all of which have their roots in the Congress Socialist Party during the freedom struggle.

The former Congress Socialist Party[edit]

The original Socialist Party had its roots in the Congress Socialist Party (CSP), the socialist caucus of the Indian National Congress, which fused in 1948 with the Bolshevik-Leninist Party of India, Ceylon and Burma (BLPI). Hector Abhayavardhana of the BLPI became General Secretary of the new party. The Socialist Party was founded not long after India's independence when Jayprakash Narayan, Basawon Singh (Sinha), Acharya Narendra Dev led the CSP out of Congress. At the time, Congress's leader Jawaharlal Nehru held positions that were widely admired by the rank and file of the CSP.

Indian Socialist Party[edit]

Despite Jai Prakash Narayan's personal popularity, the Socialist Party won only 12 seats at the 1951 Indian general election, and its electoral fortunes did not improve. The SP merged with the Kisan Mazdoor Praja Party, which had recently been formed by J.B. Kripalani, to form the Praja Socialist Party. It was led by Akula Purushotham in Andhra Pradesh.

Praja Socialist Party[edit]

The Praja Socialist Party was an Indian political party in existence from 1952 to 1972. It was founded when the Socialist Party, led by Jayprakash Narayan, Acharya Narendra Deva and Basawon Singh (Sinha), merged with the Kisan Mazdoor Praja Party led by J.B. Kripalani (formerly a close associate of Jawaharlal Nehru). A section led by Rammanohar Lohia broke from the party in 1955, resuming the name "Socialist Party".

In 1974 and 1975, JP led satyagrahas against the corrupt government of Indira Gandhi and called for a 'Total Revolution' in the countryside. In response, Indira declared the two-year State of Emergency under which her own power was consolidated and JP was jailed. At that time, George Fernandes, chairman of the Socialist Party of India, who had faced prosecution for conspiracy against the government of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, sought to obtain funding from the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency and the French government in order to organize underground sabotage activities. After an initial request to seek funding from the French government was turned down, U.S. diplomatic cables showed that he was "prepared to accept money from the CIA".[1]

After the Emergency, the Socialist Party joined with a number of other groups to form the Bharatiya Lok Dal, which fused in 1977 into Janata Party as an omnibus opposition to Congress Party rule.

Socialist Party (India), 2011[edit]

In the year 2011, several socialist groups and individuals came together to form the Socialist Party (India), which intends to carry forward the legacy of the Socialist Party formed in 1948. The party was formed through a resolution passed by Mr. Pannalal Surana at the foundation conference on 28 May 2011, under the chairmanship of Prof. Keshav Rao Jadhav. The resolution was supported by Dr. Samanthnath Ghosh, Justice Rajinder Sachar, noted journalist Kuldip Nayyar, veteran socialist Bhai Vaidya and Dr. Prem Singh, National General Secretary and Spokesperson, among many others.[2] Currently Bhai Vaidya, former Home Minister Maharashtra is its National President and Magsaysay Award Winner Dr Sandeep Pandey is its National Vice President. Socialist Yuvjan Sabha is its Youth/Student wing headed by Dr. Abhijit Vaidya. In its 4th National Convention, held at Lucknow on 14–15 November 2016 Dr. Prem Singh has been elected the new President of the party and Niraj Singh new President of Socialist Yuvjan Sabha.[3]

See also[edit]