Socialist Party of Latvia

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Socialist Party of Latvia
Latvijas Sociālistiskā partija
Leader Vladimirs Frolovs
Founded 1994
Headquarters Riga
Ideology Communism[1]
Political position Far-left[2]
European affiliation Initiative of Communist and Workers' Parties
International affiliation International Meeting of Communist and Workers' Parties
International Communist Seminar
Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Colours Red
3 / 100
European Parliament
0 / 8

The Socialist Party of Latvia (Latvian: Latvijas Sociālistiskā partija, LSP, Russian: Социалистическая партия Латвии) was formed in 1994 as a successor party to the Communist Party of Latvia, which was banned in 1991. In essence, the party is communist;[1] according to the programme of the party, the LSP was founded as an organization upholding socialist ideas after the 1991 events that the party describes as a 'counter-revolutionary bourgeois-nationalist coup'.[3]

The current, as at 2016, president of the party is Vladimirs Frolovs.[4] Between 1999 and 2015, the position was held by Alfrēds Rubiks, once mayor of Riga and later leader of the unionist movement and head of the Latvian Communist Party (CPSU platform). He was imprisoned for six years in 1991 on charges of participating in a coup d'état against the Latvian authorities in August 1991. He is not one of the party's members in the Saeima (Latvian Parliament) since he is not allowed to contest elections. However, his sons Artūrs Rubiks and Raimonds Rubiks are members of the Saeima representing the Socialist Party, elected on a joint list with Harmony.

The LSP is more popular among the Russian-speaking population of Latvia. It places a high priority on issues important to ethnic Russians, such as language and citizenship laws. The party also believes that Latvian citizenship should be granted to all citizens of USSR living in Latvia in 1990. This would entail a major change in the current law which only gives automatic citizenship to descendants of people who were citizens of the Republic of Latvia before it was occupied by the Soviet Union in 1940 and requires the Soviet citizens who moved to Latvia between 1940 and 1990 (mainly Russians) to go through a naturalization process.

In the election held on 5 October 2002, the party was part of the For Human Rights in United Latvia (Latvian: Par cilvēka tiesībām vienotā Latvijā) coalition that won 19.0% of the popular vote and 25 out of 100 seats, 5 of those seats went to Socialist Party. The party was a member of this alliance of predominantly Russian-speaking parties from 1998 to 2003.

Today, the party's platform is centered on anti-corruption and promoting an independent Latvia that is free from European Union centralised power. In 2005, the LSP entered the Harmony Centre coalition, which won 17 seats in the 2006 election. 4 of these 17 parliament members were representatives of the Socialist Party. In 2011, HC won 31 seats, with Socialists receiving 3 seats (Ar. Rubiks, R. Rubiks and I. Zujevs).[5] The party did not contest the 2014 parliamentary election, however all three of its outgoing MPs were placed on the SDPS list and are currently members of the 12th Saeima (2014-2018).


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