Socialist Party of the Basque Country–Basque Country Left

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Socialist Party of the Basque Country–Basque Country Left
Partido Socialista de Euskadi–Euskadiko Ezkerra
Leader Idoia Mendia
Founded 1977 (1977)
Headquarters c/ Alameda de Rekalde 27, 4ª planta
48009 Bilbao
Membership (2014) 5,250[1]
Ideology Social democracy
Political position Centre-left
National affiliation Spanish Socialist Workers' Party
European affiliation Party of European Socialists
International affiliation Socialist International
European Parliament group Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats
Colours Red, White
Basque Parliament
9 / 75
Congreso de los Diputados (Basque seats)
3 / 18
Spanish Senate (Basque seats)
0 / 15
Juntas Generales
21 / 153
Local seats (2015-2019)
203 / 2,628
Mayors
9 / 251
[2]
Website
www.socialistasvascos.com

The Socialist Party of the Basque Country–Basque Country Left (Basque: Euskadiko Alderdi Sozialista – Euskadiko Ezkerra, Spanish: Partido Socialista de Euskadi – Euskadiko Ezkerra, PSE-EE) is a social-democratic[3] political party in the Basque country that acts as the regional affiliate of the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE).

History[edit]

Although local Socialist groups had been active since 1886, and many affiliated with the PSOE (being Biscay one of the strongholds of Spanish social democracy, along with Madrid and Asturias), the PSE was actually established as a branch of the main party only in 1977, during the Spanish transition to democracy.

PSE-EE offices have been targeted by undercover attackers, like this one in Bilbao.

During the violent years of the 1980s in the Basque Country, mid- and high-ranking party officials held government positions in Spain and the region, as civil governors. The Basque nationalist left—Herri Batasuna and related groups—denounced during that period the collusion of the party with police abuses—especially pointing to the Guardia Civil—and in early 1984 blamed directly the Socialists for the state terrorism of the GAL death squads (1984-1987).[4]

In early 1990s some of them were convicted for their participation in it.[5] Ricardo Damborenea, head of the party in Biscay, even confessed in a press release to his involvement in the criminal pursuit in the early 1990s. All of them have been released from prison much earlier than their due term without apologising for their illegal actions; Damborenea currently gets a substantial monthly allowance from the Spanish state.[6]

It has local associations in Gipuzkoa, Biscay, and Álava. Before June 1982, it also included a Navarre branch - which formed the Socialist Party of Navarre, PSN (PSOE).

Initially in a close alliance with the Basque Country Left (EE), a party connected with Basque nationalism, begun in 1991 with a move promoted by the respective secretaries - Ramón Jáuregui for the PSE and Mario Onaindia for the EE. It aimed to become the major Basque force in the 1993 election. The fusion of the two groups was made possible by the split of Basque Left from EE: prepared by the leadership of Nicolás Redondo Terreros (1998–2002), it was confirmed with the mandate of Patxi López in 2002.

During the 2012 elections to the parliament of the Basque Autonomous Community, the PSE-EE came up third in number of MPs (16), lagging behind the Basque Nationalist Party and EH Bildu. Throughout its recent history, it fluctuated between second and third, depending on the success of the People's Party or the Abertzale Left).

Electoral performance[edit]

Basque Parliament[edit]

Basque Parliament
Election Vote % Seats Status Leader Notes
1980 130,221 (#3) 14.16
9 / 60
Opposition Ramón Rubial
1984 247,786 (#2) 22.96
19 / 75
Opposition Txiki Benegas
1986 252,233 (#2) 21.95
19 / 75
Government Txiki Benegas
1990 202,736 (#2) 19.79
16 / 75
Opposition Ramón Jáuregui government from Sep 1991
1994 174,682 (#2) 16.83
12 / 75
Government Ramón Jáuregui opposition from Jun 1998
1998 220,052 (#4) 17.35
14 / 75
Opposition Nicolás Redondo
2001 253,195 (#3) 17.76
13 / 75
Opposition Nicolás Redondo
2005 274,546 (#2) 22.51
18 / 75
Opposition Patxi López
2009 318,112 (#2) 30.36
25 / 75
Government Patxi López
2012 212,809 (#3) 18.89
16 / 75
Opposition Patxi López
2016 126,420 (#4) 11.86
9 / 75
Government Idoia Mendia

Cortes Generales[edit]

Congress of Deputies
Election Basque Country
Vote % Seats
1977 267,897 (#2) 26.48
7 / 21
1979 190,235 (#2) 19.05
5 / 21
1982 348,620 (#2) 29.16
8 / 21
1986 287,918 (#2) 26.29
7 / 21
1989 233,650 (#2) 21.11
6 / 21
1993 293,442 (#1) 24.52
7 / 19
1996 298,499 (#2) 23.67
5 / 19
2000 266,583 (#3) 23.31
4 / 19
2004 339,751 (#2) 27.22
7 / 19
2008 430,690 (#1) 38.14
9 / 18
2011 255,013 (#3) 21.55
4 / 18
2015 161,988 (#4) 13.25
3 / 18
2016 164,255 (#3) 14.23
3 / 18
 
Senate
Election Basque Country
Vote % Seats
1977
1 / 12
1979
1 / 12
1982
5 / 12
1986
4 / 12
1989
5 / 12
1993
7 / 12
1996
5 / 12
2000
1 / 12
2004
5 / 12
2008
9 / 12
2011
2 / 12
2015
0 / 12
2016
0 / 12

European Parliament[edit]

European Parliament
Election Basque Country
Vote %
1987 204,522 (#3) 19.05
1989 175,776 (#3) 18.25
1994 165,063 (#2) 18.26
1999 226,187 (#3) 19.54
2004 199,341 (#2) 28.23
2009 202,885 (#2) 27.78
2014 105,043 (#3) 13.81

External links[edit]

References[edit]