Socialist People's Party of Montenegro
|Socialist People's Party of Montenegro
Socijalistička narodna partija Crne Gore
Социјалистичка народна партија Црне Горе
|Colours||Red, white, blue|
|Parliament of Montenegro||
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|Politics of Montenegro
The Socialist People's Party of Montenegro (Montenegrin/Serbian: Социјалистичка народна партија Црне Горе, Socijalistička narodna partija Crne Gore) is a social conservative, economically left-wing opposition political party in Montenegro. It has 9 MPs in the Parliament of Montenegro, which it won in the 2012 parliamentary election. Currently the second largest opposition party, it is pro-European Union and anti/NATO, and aims at deposing the ruling DPS-SDP coalition as its main goal.
In the late 1990s a rift inside the ruling Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro came out. On the Montenegrin presidential election, 1997, aside then's President of the Republic and the Party Momir Bulatović, the Premier of Montenegro and party's vice-president Milo Đukanović ran too, leading a reforming wing opposing mainstream DPS CG's political attitudes regarding support of Serbian president Slobodan Milošević. The ruling parties of the Republic of Serbia (the constitutive partner of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia like the Republic of Montenegro), SPS and SRS, have soundly and firmly stood on Momir's side, while the opposition in Serbia (SPO, DS, DSS and GS) gave their support in Milo. It is so that the Democratic Party of Socialists - Momir Bulatović had officially seceded from the other branch of the DPS CG, but Momir's supports had only retained majority in 5 municipalities of Montenegro, while the other 16 in which DPS reigned voiced their support of Milo.
Momir presented in the political campaign that his main goal was the preservation of FRY and the maintaining of the present political status in Montenegro. In the first round on 5 October 1997 Momir Bulatović won receiving most votes, 147,615 or 47.45%, but lost to opposing Milo the second round on 19 October 1997 when he won 169,257 or only 49.2%. Momir refused to recognize the results, calling them unrealistic and forged - considering that every single of the other candidates that ran in the first circle voiced their support in Momir in the second. One of the main controversial moments, as criticized by OEBS, is that Milo as Premier, managed to seize control of the Montenegrin national media (e.g. TV CG). On the other side, the Serbian national media had also been unbalanced, promoting Momir. The other unbalancing issue is that Milo, as Premier, was in a much stronger position to further his personal goals, controlling the government (the President had very little authority in effect) and had seized control over most of DPS' local authorities, while DPS - Momir Bulatović got only 5 of total DPS' 21. On the other hand, Momir enjoyed the support of Serbia and the Federal Yugoslav government itself. With the huge clashes between Momir and Milo, the election respected minimal democratic standards. However with eventual loss at the election, the rift between the two wings was final.
By 2000, Milošević began to lose its ground in Serbia, and it became apparent that he no longer had support either within the international community or his own country. However, Momir Bulatović was still a close ally of Milošević, and that fact led to a split within the SNP on whether to stay loyal to Milošević or to become a party with a more democratic image. In 2001 the pro-European and democratic wing led by Predrag Bulatović prevailed and he became SNP's president. The party continued to be a proponent of the union with Serbia, while the old-style pro-Milosevic faction of politicians formed the People's Socialist Party (Народна социјалистичка странка, Narodna socijalistička stranka) under Momir Bulatović.
As some ethnic Serb parties took advantage of the SNP's new orientation and attracted some voters, SNP became to be the strongest opposition party in Montenegro. It was the leader of the Movement for European Union of Serbia and Montenegro, which eventually failed to preserve the union with Serbia. SNP avoided to explicitly state its rejection of the Montenegrin independence referendum results, but it refused to attend the country's inauguration ceremonies. Other pro-union opposition parties openly refused to recognize the results.
On the first parliamentary elections in independent Montenengro, SNP saw the largest downfall of the number of its voters since the founding of the party. The coalition it had led in 2002 elections fell from 30 to 11 seats in the Montenegrin parliament. SNP lost its status of leader of Montenegrin opposition in favour of Serbian List led by Serbian People's Party of Montenegro (12 seats) and Movement for Changes (11 seats). This resulted in resignation of party's leader Predrag Bulatović, as well as three vice-presidents.
On the 27th of December 2006, Srđan Milić was announced new party president, after gaining the majority of General Party Congress votes, and beating the other two candidates, Dragiša Pešić and Borislav Globarević, representing the victory of the excessively pro-European Unionist program. SNP CG has adopted a strongly civic Social Democrat political course and broke off the traditional coalition with the People's Party and the Democratic Serb Party.
In the negotiations for the new Montenegrin Constitution, SNP has forged a united political alliance of practically the entire Opposition with the Movement for Changes, both of its old partners the People's Party and Democratic Serb Party, the members of the Serb List alliance, the Bosniak Party and the ethnic Albanian Democratic League in Montenegro and Albanian Alternative with a united platform, preparing to boycott the referendum. However, NS, DSS, DSCG and SL retreated from negotiations with the opposition. On the other hand, PzP, BS and AA accepted independently from the alliance terms of the ruling coalition and are ready to give the required super-majority to adopted the constitution. SNP has submitted 33 amendments and still does not include the option to support the constitution as well, under the condition that it's amendments - previously included in the Opposition's demands - are adopted.