Socialist Workers' Party (Argentina)

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Socialist Workers' Party

Partido de los Trabajadores Socialistas
AbbreviationPTS
PresidentJosé Montes
Founded1988
HeadquartersBuenos Aires, Argentina
NewspaperLa Verdad Obrera (1992-2015)
La Izquierda Diario(2015-)
Think tankKarl Marx Institute of Socialist Thought (IPS Karl Marx)
Leon Trotsky Study, Research and Publishing Center (CEIP León Trotsky)
Student wingEn Clave Roja (Universities)
No Pasarán (High schools)
Youth wingJuventud del PTS
Women's wingPan y Rosas
Union wingMovimiento de Agrupaciones Clasistas
IdeologyTrotskyism
Revolutionary socialism
Political positionFar-left
National affiliationFIT
International affiliationTrotskyist Fraction – Fourth International
ColoursRed
Seats in the Chamber of Deputies
2 / 257
Seats in the Senate
0 / 72
Website
pts.ar

The Socialist Workers' Party (Spanish: Partido de los Trabajadores Socialistas, PTS), previously known as the Workers Party for Socialism (Partido de Trabajadores por el Socialismo), is a Trotskyist political party in Argentina. It was founded in 1988, as the first schism of the Movimiento al Socialismo (MAS), a Trotskyist party led by Nahuel Moreno until his death. Within the next four years, the MAS split into more than 20 groups.[citation needed]

In the presidential election of 2007 it obtained 95,000 votes (0,57%). The number of voters for this party in the 2003 parliamentary election was 42,331 (about 0.25%). In the 1999 presidential election the party had obtained 43,911 votes (about 0.23%).

Located on the left side of the political spectrum and member of the Workers' Left Front,[1] the PTS aims to establish a working-class government that breaks with capitalism, putting forth a material hegemonic force grounded in the main combats and organization processes of the working class—such as the student and women's movement—, seeking to develop revolutionary factions within them.[2]

By establishing this electoral coalition, the PTS managed to enter the Argentine Congress for the first time after the legislative elections of 2013.[3] As part of the Front, it obtained representation in the Buenos Aires Legislature,[4] as well as the provincial legislatures of Buenos Aires, Córdoba,[5] Jujuy,[6] Mendoza[7] and Neuquén[8] and in the city councils of Godoy Cruz, Las Heras, Maipú and Mendoza[9] in Mendoza and the city councils of Libertador General San Martín, Palpalá and San Salvador in Jujuy.[6] It has one national deputy, Nicolás del Caño; current or recent provincial deputies include Christian Castillo, Raúl Godoy, Myriam Bregman and Laura Vilches.

The PTS has presence in 15 provinces and in Buenos Aires City; its members have minor seats in the Buenos Aires Underground union (AGTSyP)[10], the Neuquén ceramics workers union (SOECN)[11], the Western Soapmakers Workers Union (SOJO)[12], as well as occupying secretaries in the United Argentinian Tire Workers Trade Union (SUTNA), the United Trade Union of Education Workers (SUTE, Mendoza) and several sections of the Buenos Aires Education Workers Trade Union (SUTEBA) etc. Its youth branch conducts the student unions in highschools,[13] and the universities of Buenos Aires (UBA),[14] La Plata (UNLP), General Sarmiento (UNGS), Quilmes (UNQ)[15] and Comahue (UNCo).[16] The PTS also publishes the digital newspaper La Izquierda Diario (the daily left), located among the top 100 most visited websites in the country.[17]

History[edit]

Origins[edit]

It emerged in 1988 as a schism within the Movement for Socialism (MAS); starting as the Internationalist Bolshevik Faction, an inner faction that had formed towards the MAS's third congress. In its first documents, the PTS declared that the MAS had a revisionist definition of internationalism and had degenerated into a "national-trotskyist" organization, polemising against the MAS's then-official policy that claimed that "Argentina was the center of world revolution". In these documents, the PTS upheld the political legacy of Nahuel Moreno and held that the MAS's leadership had "degenerated" after Moreno's death.[18] Later, however, after suffering three schisms, the PTS published several critical balance sheets about Moreno's positions, leading to a break with his tendency, the IWL. Posteriormente, el PTS publicó distintos balances críticos sobre la trayectoria de Moreno y rompe con esta corriente.[19] Currently, the PTS defines itself as:

«A revolutionary marxist organization whose theoretical, programatic, and principle basis are found in the legacy of over 150 years of struggle of the socialist and labour movement, the Communist Manifesto, the critiques to the Gotha and Erfurt programmes, the lessons of the Paris Commune, the lessons of the 1905 and 1917 Russian Revolutions, of the First and Second Internationals, the Communist International in its first four Congresses, the struggle of the Left Opposition against the bureaucratization and stalinist thermidor, of the theory-programme of Permanent Revolution, the Transitional Programme and the banners of the Fourth International founded by Leon Trotsky.»

Labour movement[edit]

The Socialist Workers' Party has presence in several unions.[20] They occupy seats in the leadership of the Buenos Aires subway union (AGTSyP),[21] is part of the joint Multicolor slate that leads nine sections of the teachers' union of the Buenos Aires Province (SUTEBA),[22] they also were part of the opposition slate in the Buenos Aires Graphic Federation[23] and is part of the union leadership in several graphic companies. The Violet slate (whose members include PTS militants and independent activists) is the main opposition slate within the telephone union (FOETRA),[24] the PTS also leads the opposition slate in the food union (STIA), where it is part of the union leadership within the factories with the largest number of workers.[25] Aside from its presence in unions and guilds, the PTS has an extensive presence within internal comissions and delegates in industrial companies (soapmakers, soda workers, metalworkers, steelers, etc.), services (railroad workers, aeronautical workers, etc.) and state and health workers, etc.[26]

The PTS has also spearheaded some of the most important conflicts within the industrial labour movement that have shaken the publicopinion, such as leading the struggle of the occupied tile factory FaSinPat (formerly Zanón),[27] which led to the filming of the documentary The Take by Naomi Klein, as well as the struggle in the Kraft Foods factory (now Mondelez) in 2009.[25] More recently, they were active participants in the occupation of the Donnelley printing factory, a conflict that gained wide national trascendence and is currently a worker-controlled factory.[28] The PTS was also participant of the struggle of the Lear Corporation workers, which was considered by the CEOs of the main companiesin the country as one of the most important conflicts in 2014,[29] which included 240 dismissals, 21 demonstrations in the main highway of Buenos Aires, 16 National Days of Struggle with pickets throughout the country, 5 repressions, 22 detainees, 80 injured, 16 judicial measures in favor of the workers, two weeks of lockout by the bosses, etc.

Before the FIT[edit]

In 1999, José Montes, rank-and-file delegate of the Río Santiago Shipyard, ran as presidential candidate along Oscar Hernández, Siderar worker, as vicepresident under the slogan "workers vote for workers" (in Spanish: "trabajador vote trabajador") and stressing not to pay the foreign debt.[30]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Se formó el Frente de Izquierda y los trabajadores". Sitio web del PTS.
  2. ^ Albamonte, Emilio; Maiello, Matías (2017). "Prólogo". Estrategia Socialista y arte militar. Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires: Ediciones Instituto del Pensamiento Socialista. p. 37. ISBN 978-987-3958-19-9.
  3. ^ "Diputados de izquierda y de los trabajadores". Sitio web del PTS.
  4. ^ "Asume Patricio del Corro en la Legislatura porteña". La Izquierda Diario.
  5. ^ "Hoy asumió Laura Vilches la banca del Frente de Izquierda en Córdoba". Sitio web del PTS.
  6. ^ a b "Elección histórica del FIT en Jujuy: por primera vez ingresan diputados de los trabajadores". La Izquierda Diario. 23 October 2017.
  7. ^ "Mendoza: Juraron Cecilia Soria (PTS), Martín Dalmau y Héctor Fresina (PO) como diputados provinciales del FIT". Sitio web del PTS.
  8. ^ "Asume Raúl Godoy como diputado provincial en Neuquén". La Izquierda Diario.
  9. ^ "Terminaron de asumir todos los concejales del FIT en Mendoza". Sitio web del PTS.
  10. ^ "Elecciones en el Subte: crece la izquierda y por primera vez entra al Secretariado Ejecutivo". Sitio web del PTS.
  11. ^ "Abrumador triunfo de la Agrupación Marrón con más del 71% sobre la Lista Gris". Sitio web del PTS.
  12. ^ "Sindicato jabonero: La Bordó ganó en las principales fábricas y obtuvo la minoría". 16 June 2016. Missing or empty |url= (help)
  13. ^ "Por centros de estudiantes en todos los colegios". Sitio web del PTS. 13 September 2012.
  14. ^ "Balance y perspectivas de la UBA". Sitio web del PTS.
  15. ^ "La izquierda se impuso en la UNQ".
  16. ^ "Neuquén: el Frente de Izquierda gana el Centro de Estudiantes de Humanidades". 8 November 2018.
  17. ^ "laizquierdadiario.com Site Overview". Alexa.
  18. ^ Liszt, Gabriela. "Historia y balance del MAS argentino". Lucha de Clases. Revista marxista de teoría y política. 2006, http://www.ips.org.ar/?p=3110
  19. ^ Manolo Romano. "Polémica con la LIT y el Legado Teórico de Nahuel Moreno" [Controversy with the LIT and the Theoretical Legacy of Nahuel Moreno]. ft.org.ar. Retrieved 31 Dec 2013.
  20. ^ http://www.eldiplo.org//190-una-campana-a-la-derecha/las-izquierdas-emergentes
  21. ^ http://www.sindicatodelsubte.com.ar/spip.php?article663
  22. ^ http://www.la9deabril.org.ar/
  23. ^ http://www.archivosrevista.com.ar.ca1.toservers.com/contenido/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/Varela.pdf
  24. ^ http://agrupacionvioletatelefonicos.blogspot.com.ar/2013/03/elecciones-en-foetra-bs-as-que.html
  25. ^ a b http://www.clarin.com/politica/Delegados-izquierda-nueva-preocupacion-empresas_0_1148885189.html
  26. ^ Varela, Paula (2015). "Las contradicciones y la izquierda". La disputa por la dignidad obrera. Argentina: Ediciones Imago Mundi. ISBN 978-950-793-192-5.
  27. ^ http://www.iisg.nl/labouragain/documents/aiziczon.pdf
  28. ^ http://www.ambito.com/noticia.asp?id=753869
  29. ^ http://chajarivirtual.com.ar/los-obreros-de-lear-ganaron-el-conflicto-del-ano/
  30. ^ Veiras, Nora (22 September 1999). "Suena a subversivo que un obrero sea candidato". p. 12. Retrieved 7 November 2018.

External links[edit]