Socially Useful Productive Work
Socially Useful Productive Work (SUPW) is a subject in Indian schools where students can choose from a number of vocational education activities - emand knitting, gardening, cooking, painting, carpentry and other crafts and hobbies, and clubbed community service for senior students (class IX onwards). Students learn to work as a team and to work with skill and deftness. It was introduced in 1978, by the Ministry of Education to promote Gandhian values and educational ideas of Mahatma Gandhi.
While most private school barring a few have dispensed with the subject, it remains an ancillary, but mandatory part of course curriculum in schools affiliated to the Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE), which conducts two examinations in India: the Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE) and the Indian School Certificate (ISC). It is taught in some Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) schools, which includes Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya schools. Kendriya vidyalaya has started Work education instead of SUPW.
In addition to developing individual skills, SUPW aims to help develop among the students the habit to work as a community, encourage community thinking, increase awareness of scientific advancements and develop a scientific outlook. The training acquired in the classroom is expected to help students to solve day-to-day problems of the community.
Recommending education through craft, Mahatma Gandhi said, "..The core of my suggestion is that handicrafts are taught not merely for production work but for developing intellect of the pupils". This idea was taken forward by the Kothari Commission (1964–66), which suggested introduction of 'work experience' in education. Subsequently, after the recommendations of 'Ishwarbhai Patel Committee' (July, 1977), which first coined the term 'Socially Useful Productive Work' or SUPW, the subject was first introduced to the school curriculum in 1978, by Ministry of Education, Government of India.
Crafts and hobbies
As per the " Programme of Action of the National Policy on Education of 1986",which emphasis promotion of culture and creativity in school children, SUPW curriculum may also include, Pottery, Clay Modelling, Paper Mache, Mask Making, Tie & Dye, Rangoli, Wall decoration, Cane work, Bamboo work, Book binding, Paper toys.
- A Text Book of SUPW, Vol. 1, by Juhi Aggarwal. Pitambar Publishing, 2005. ISBN 8120908538.
- Position Paper: Work and Education NCERT, January 2007.
- Rashtriya, p. 85
- Krishnamurthy , p. 20
- "Do you remember what SUPW means?". The Times of India. Sep 30, 2003.
- "Socially Useful Productive Work And Community Service: Classes IX-X" (PDF). Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE). Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 May 2013. Retrieved 16 February 2015.
- Kochhar, p. 147
- "The Education quarterly, Volume 30". Ministry of Education & Social Welfare. 1978. p. 25.
- "Socially Useful Productive Work/Work Experience" (PDF). Centre for Cultural Resources and Training (CCRT).
- "New initiative to train school children". The Economic Times. Sep 29, 2002.
- Socially Useful Productive Work Board of Secondary Education, Madhya Pradesh
- S. K. Kochhar (1984). "12: Socially Useful Productive Work (SUPW) in Education". Pivotal Issues In Indian Education. Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd. ISBN 8120700732.
- A G Krishnamurthy (2007). "3. SUPW: The Concept and its Implications". Work Experience Education. Diamond Pocket Books (P) Ltd. ISBN 8128812114.
- Tarun Rashtriya (2008). "Work Experience and SUPW". Vocational Education. APH Publishing. p. 85. ISBN 817648864X.
- "Socially Useful Productive Work And Community Service: Classes IX-X" (PDF). Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE). Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 May 2013. Retrieved 16 February 2015. 2017}}