Società per azioni
Società per azioni is a form of corporation in Italy, meaning "company limited by shares" (although often translated as "joint-stock company", which may or may not be a limited liability entity). It was equivalent to S.A. or public limited company in other countries. However, local variances still existed.
The other common form of corporation in Italy was società a responsabilità limitata (literally limited company). S.p.A. issued shares (Italian: azioni), while in S.r.l. the unit was quote/stock of share capital. Moreover, the articles of association of S.r.l. allowed different allocation of profit and assets, which was more comparable to a limited partnership.
Banks are required to run as S.p.A. if their assets were more than a defined threshold since 2016. This saw Banco BPM, BPER Banca, UBI Banca, the blue chips of FTSE MIB Index demutualized from S.C.p.A. or S.c. a.r.l. and S.C. (co-operative company by shares, co-operative company with limited liabilities and co-operative company)
- "A Review of Italian and UK Company Law" (PDF). ACCA. Retrieved 14 February 2017.
- Aktiengesellschaft, the legal form of company in Germany, commonly used in the German translation of Italian companies in German-speaking autonomous regions