Society for Andaman and Nicobar Ecology

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The Society for Andaman and Nicobar Ecology, also known as SANE, is an Indian environmental organization based in Port Blair city of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands union territory of India. It was formed for the preservation of the Andaman ecosystem.[1]


Due to increasingly more contact of Jarawa adivasis of the Andaman Islands, since 1996, previously who were known for their herto fiercely isolationist behaviour, started to emerged from the forest area and made contact with the non-tribal population of the andaman. Due to completion of the National Highway 223 running throughout the andaman from north to south. The organization filed a suit in Calcutta High Court, under which andamanas jurisdiction comes. The case escalated to the Supreme Court of India as a Public Interest Litigation (or PIL).

SANE joined the Bombay Natural History Society and Pune-bare Kalpavriksh in this petition, whichresulted in the High Court passing a judgment in 2001, directing the administration to take steps to protect the Jarawa from encroachment and contact, as well as preemptively ruling out any program that involved relocating the Jarawa to a new reservation. Planned extensions of the highway were also prohibited by the court.[2][3] However the Andaman administration decided defying the order by keeping it open and continuing construction due to being the main and important highway and for its Economical and social importance.[4]

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  1. ^ "Who speaks for the Jarawas?", The Hindu, Dec 9, 2001, retrieved 2008-11-19, ... In October 1997, in an inexplicable move, a group of Jarawas ventured out of their forest hideout and made contact with the outside world ... Before intervening in a Public Interest Litigation petition in the High Court, SANE, led by one of the founders Samir Acharya, an islander, went about the task of collecting data on indigenous people ... The Honourable High Court in its epoch making order has directed the A and N administration to prevent poaching and stop anything that encourages the Jarawas to beg by the highway. The order also prohibits any new construction in the Jarawas territory and not to make any extension of the Andaman trunk road, as it would cut right into the forests, the home of the tribe for millennia ... In its order the court has also directed the administration "to teach the local people that the Jarawas are not inferior but different" ... 
  2. ^ "The road to destruction", India Together, retrieved 2008-11-19, ... In 1998, in an issue relating to excessive logging activities in Little Andaman and the danger posed to the Onge tribe, the Pune-based environmental action group Kalpavriksh, the Port Blair-based SANE and the Mumbai-based Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS) filed a writ petition before the Kolkata High Court. The administration stonewalled it. It was argued that the matter could be taken up only in the Supreme Court, and the case landed there ... 
  3. ^