Society for Human Resource Management

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Society for Human Resource Management
FounderLeonard J. Smith[1]
TypeProfessional association
Legal status501(c)(6) nonprofit organization[2]
HeadquartersAlexandria, Virginia, United States
Area served
Johnny C. Taylor Jr.[3]
Melissa Anderson[3]
SubsidiariesSHRM Foundation Inc,
Council for Global Immigration,
HR People & Strategy Inc,
SHRM Corporation,
Strategic Human Resource Management India Pvt,
SHRM Management Consulting (Beijing) Co[2]
Revenue (2019)
Expenses (2019)$148,932,748[4]
Employees (2019)
Volunteers (2019)
Formerly called
American Society for Personnel Administration
SHRM headquarters in Alexandria, VA

The Society for Human Resource Management (SHRM) is a professional human resources membership association headquartered in Alexandria, Virginia. SHRM promotes the role of HR as a profession and provides education, certification, and networking to its members, while lobbying Congress on issues pertinent to labor management.


Founded in 1948 as the American Society for Personnel Administration (ASPA), the organization operated on a volunteer basis until 1964, when it established headquarters in Berea, Ohio, and began hiring staff members. In 1984, the headquarters was moved to Alexandria, Virginia, and in 1989, the organization changed its name to the Society for Human Resource Management.[5]

The association has more than 575 chapters worldwide,[6] and more than 400 staff members. In 2022, SHRM acquired Linkage Inc.[7][8][9] and CEO Academy,[10][11][12] now serving nearly 325,000 members in 165 countries.[13] The president and chief executive officer is Johnny C. Taylor Jr.[14]


The organization's Survey Research Center researches workplace issues and their implications for the HR professional and business leaders. Among its products are the annual Employee Benefits Survey[15] and Employee Job Satisfaction and Engagement Survey[16] and the monthly Leading Indicators of National Employment (LINE) report.[17] SHRM conducts research for organizations.[18]

In 2019, SHRM released its report, "The High Cost of a Toxic Workplace Culture".[19] The company polled American employees in order to determine the impact of culture on workers’ well-being and business’ financial health.[19] According to the report, 20% of employees left their jobs between 2014 and 2019 because of toxic workplace cultures.[20] Partly to combat these issues, SHRM designed its People Manager Qualification learning and development program.[21]

On February 16, 2022, SHRM presented the report ''State of the Workplace Study'',[22] which includes a look back at U.S. workplaces and gauges what went well and where organizations struggled throughout 2021, and it also includes a look at future trends in U.S. workplaces.[23]


SHRM holds annual conferences and regional student conferences. The individual state conferences are organized by SHRM's State Councils.[24]

The 2014 SHRM Annual Conference & Exposition took place at Orlando's Orange County Convention Center.

Lobbying activity[edit]

SHRM lobbies governmental bodies regarding workplace law and industry practice. For example, in April 2008, SHRM announced in a press release that its representatives had appeared before the US Senate to petition for changes in the administration of the Family and Medical Leave Act.[25]

The organization announced in the November 2003 issue of its HR Magazine that it had submitted a position paper to the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission suggesting factors the agency should consider when determining how to amend the definition of the term "job applicant" for the purposes of record keeping required by companies in order to comply with affirmative action and anti-discrimination laws.[26]

In 2003, SHRM conducted an e-mail survey of its members to gauge the effectiveness of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) It presented the results of this survey to the EEOC at a meeting on September 8, 2003.[27]

In November 2006, the Office of Disability Employment Policy (ODEP) of the U.S. Department of Labor established an alliance with SHRM to encourage and promote the employment of people with disabilities.[28]

In 2015 and 2016, SHRM worked to oppose the United States Department of Labor's Fair Labor Standards Overtime regulation. The rule greatly increases the salary under which employees are eligible for overtime and the number of the employees who qualify for it.[29]

COVID-19 pandemic[edit]

In May 2020, SHRM joined with branded content studio Heve to produce a commercial targeted at SHRM employees and the American workforce at large.[30] SHRM president and CEO, Johnny C. Taylor Jr., was featured in the video.[30] The commercial was entirely self-shot from actors’ homes.[30] Its focus was on reassuring everyone that SHRM would continue supporting employees and companies.[30]

Products and services[edit]

SHRM offers two membership options: SHRM Professional Membership and SHRM Global Online Membership.[31] This first is available to U.S.-based and global professionals, the second only to professionals outside the U.S.[31] Members have access to HR news, document samples and templates, compliance resources, community chats, and advisors.[31][32]

The society also offers two main certifications: the SHRM Certified Professional Certification and the SHRM Senior Certified Professional Certification.[33]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Miguel, Matthew (6 December 2017). "Society of Human Resource Management". Retrieved 17 June 2020.
  2. ^ a b "2014 Form 990: Return of Organization Exempt from Income Tax". Society for Human Resource Management. Guidestar. December 31, 2014.
  3. ^ a b c "SHRM Grows by Leaps and Bounds, Impacting 235M Workers and Families Globally". Society for Human Resource Management. Retrieved June 5, 2017.
  4. ^ a b c "SOCIETY FOR HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT". ProPublica. 9 May 2013. Retrieved 2022-06-08.
  5. ^ Heathfield, Susan. "Learn About the Benefits of the Society for HR Management (SHRM)". The Balance Careers. Retrieved 2020-06-30.
  6. ^ Quirk, Thomas J.; Palmer-Schuyler, Julie (8 March 2016). Excel 2013 for Human Resource Management Statistics: A Guide to Solving Practical Problems. Springer. p. 49. ISBN 978-3-319-28982-3.
  7. ^ "SHRM Acquires Leadership Firm, Linkage Inc". September 29, 2022.
  8. ^ "SHRM Acquires Linkage Inc., One of the Nation's Top Leadership Development Firms". September 30, 2022.
  9. ^ "A Special Message from Jennifer McCollum, CEO: Linkage is now a part of SHRM". September 30, 2022.
  10. ^ "SHRM Acquires CEO Academy". October 31, 2022.
  11. ^ "Tapping into Influential Business Leaders with CEO Academy". May 18, 2023.
  12. ^ "SHRM acquires CEO program, highlighting CEO-CHRO relationship". November 1, 2022.
  13. ^ "Melissa Rebholz Elected Secretary of Society for HR Management". BCTV. 2020-06-03. Retrieved 2020-06-11.
  14. ^ Taylor, Johnny C. Jr. "Can I get sued if an employee catches COVID-19? Ask HR". USA TODAY. Retrieved 2020-06-11.
  15. ^ "Employee Benefits Survey". Bloomberg. 30 August 2016. Retrieved 31 August 2016.
  16. ^ "Job Satisfaction Survey". The Press Enterprise. 28 July 2016. Retrieved 31 August 2016.
  17. ^ "LINE Report". Career Cast. 22 February 2016. Retrieved 31 August 2016.
  18. ^ "US workers have lost trillions from job losses, pay cuts". HR Dive. Retrieved 2020-06-11.
  19. ^ a b "Toxic cultures have cost US businesses $223B in the past five years". HR Dive. Retrieved 2020-06-26.
  20. ^ "Turnover from Toxic Workplaces Costs U.S. Companies $223B". CBIA. 8 October 2019. Retrieved 2020-06-26.
  21. ^ Ahearn, Thomas. "SHRM Report Reveals One in Five Americans Leave Job Due to Toxic Workplace". Employment Screening Resources.
  22. ^ "SHRM State of the Workplace Report 2021-2022". 23 March 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  23. ^ "SHRM Presents State of the Workplace Study". 16 February 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  24. ^ "SHRM cancels 2020 conference". Retrieved 2020-06-11.
  25. ^ Staton, Marshall (2020-05-20). "Why You Should Consider a Parental Leave Policy". HomeCare Magazine. Retrieved 2020-06-11.
  26. ^ "StackPath". Retrieved 2020-06-11.
  27. ^ Camille A. Olson (8 September 2003). "Securing EEOC's Continued Effectiveness". EEOC. Archived from the original on 26 May 2008. Retrieved 4 February 2011.
  28. ^ Peggy Abrahamson (13 November 2006). "U.S. Department of Labor Forms Alliance with SHRM to Promote Employment of Workers with Disabilities". U.S. Department of Labor. Archived from the original on 14 September 2007. Retrieved 4 February 2011.
  29. ^ Dan Cook (30 June 2016). "Securing EEOC's Continued Effectiveness". BenefitsPro. Retrieved 9 September 2016.
  30. ^ a b c d "SHRM looks to Heve to convey Covid-19 messaging in 30-second slot". The Drum. Retrieved 2020-06-29.
  31. ^ a b c "SHRM Membership Review: Is It Worth It? | HR University". HR University. 2020-03-31. Retrieved 2020-06-30.
  32. ^ "What Benefits Does Membership in the Society for Human Resource Management provide?". Human Resources Degrees. Retrieved 2020-06-30.
  33. ^ "DePaul University Continuing and Professional Education - Human Resources Competencies Certificate: SHRM-CP and SCP Exam Preparation". Retrieved 2020-06-30.

External links[edit]