Sociometric status is a measurement that reflects the degree to which someone is liked or disliked by their peers as a group.
In developmental psychology, this system has been used to examine children's status in peer groups, its stability over time, the characteristics that determine it, and the long-term implications of one's popularity or rejection by peers.
The most commonly used sociometric system, developed by Coie & Dodge, 1988, asks children to rate how much they like or dislike each of their classmates and uses these responses to classify them into five groups:
- Popular children: Children are designated as popular if they receive many positive nominations.
- Rejected children: Children are designated as rejected if they receive many negative nominations and few positive nominations.
- Neglected children: Children are designated as neglected if they receive few positive or negative nominations. These children are not especially liked or disliked by peers, and tend to go unnoticed.
- Average children: Children are designated as average if they receive an average number of both positive and negative nominations.
- Controversial children: Children are designated as controversial if they receive many positive and many negative nominations. They are said to be liked by quite a few children, but also disliked by quite a few.
While socioeconomic measures of status do not correspond to greater happiness, measures of sociometric status (status compared to people encountered face-to-face on a daily basis) do correlate to increased subjective well-being, above and beyond the effects of extroversion and other factors.
- Siegler, Robert (2006). How Children Develop: Exploring Child Develop Student Media Tool Kit & Scientific American Reader to Accompany How Children Develop. New York: Worth Publishers. ISBN 0-7167-6113-0.
- Anderson, C.; Kraus, M. W.; Galinsky, A. D.; Keltner, D. (31 May 2012). "The Local-Ladder Effect: Social Status and Subjective Well-Being". Psychological Science 23 (7): 764–771. doi:10.1177/0956797611434537.
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