Socket 478

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Socket 478
Chip form factorsFlip-chip pin grid array (FC-PGA2 or FC-PGA4)
Contacts478 (not to be confused with the newer Socket P or the similar Socket 479)
FSB protocolAGTL+
FSB frequency400 MT/s
533 MT/s
800 MT/s
Processor dimensions35 mm x 35 mm[1]
ProcessorsPentium 4 (1.4–3.4 GHz)
Celeron (1.7–2.8 GHz)
Celeron D (2.13–3.2 GHz)
Pentium 4 Extreme Edition (3.2–3.4 GHz)
PredecessorSocket 423
SuccessorLGA 775

This article is part of the CPU socket series
Pentium 4 Willamette with Socket 478 (2001), pin side

Socket 478, also known as mPGA478 or mPGA478B, is a 478-contact CPU socket used for Intel's Pentium 4 and Celeron series CPUs.

Socket 478 was launched in August 2001 in advance of the Northwood core to compete with AMD's 462-pin Socket A and their Athlon XP processors. Socket 478 was intended to be the replacement for Socket 423, a Willamette-based processor socket which was on the market for only a short time.

This was the last Intel desktop socket to use a pin grid array (PGA) interface. All later Intel desktop sockets use a land grid array (LGA) interface.

Socket 478 was phased out with the launch of LGA 775 in 2004.

Technical specifications[edit]

Socket 478 was used for all Northwood Pentium 4 and Celeron processors. It supported the first Prescott Pentium 4 processors and all Willamette Celerons, along with several of the Willamette-series Pentium 4s. Socket 478 also supported the newer Prescott-based Celeron D processors (which were also one of the last CPUs made for the socket), and early Pentium 4 Extreme Edition processors with 2 MB of L3 CPU cache.

While the Intel mobile CPUs are available in 478-pin packages, they in fact only operate in a range of slightly differing sockets such as Socket 479, Socket M, and Socket P, each incompatible with the other two as well as Socket 478.

Socket 478 is used in combination with DDR SDRAM, as well as SDR SDRAM, RDRAM and DDR2 SDRAM.


The 4 holes for fastening the heatsink to the motherboard are placed in a rectangle with lateral lengths of 60 mm and 75 mm.

Mechanical load limits[edit]

All sockets (Pentium 4 and Celeron) have the following mechanical maximum load limits which should not be exceeded during heatsink assembly, shipping conditions, or standard use. Load above those limits may crack the processor die and make it unusable. The limits are included in the table below.

Location Dynamic Static Transient
IHS Surface 890 N (200 lbf) 445 N (100 lbf) 667 N (150 lbf)



See List of Intel chipsets#Pentium 4 chipsets

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Intel Pentium 4 Datasheet at the Wayback Machine (archived April 9, 2006)

External links[edit]