City with a Mission
Location of Socorro, Texas
|Incorporated||1985 (first incorporated 1871)|
|• Mayor||Elia Garcia |
|• City Manager||Adriana Rodarte |
|• Total||21.97 sq mi (56.90 km2)|
|• Land||21.95 sq mi (56.84 km2)|
|• Water||0.02 sq mi (0.06 km2)|
|Elevation||3,661 ft (1,116 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||1,566.05/sq mi (604.65/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-7 (Mountain (MST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-6 (MDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1388220|
Socorro is a city in El Paso County, Texas, United States. It is located on the north bank of the Rio Grande southeast of El Paso, and on the border of Mexico. El Paso adjoins it on the west and the smaller city of San Elizario on the southeast; small unincorporated areas of El Paso County separate it from the nearby municipalities of Horizon City to the north and Clint to the east. As of the 2000 census, the city population was 27,152. By the 2010 census, the number had grown to 32,013. As of July 1, 2019, the population estimate for the city from the U.S. Census was 34,370. It is part of the El Paso Metropolitan Statistical Area. The city is El Paso County's second-largest municipality, after El Paso. It has a council-manager type of government with five city council members. Socorro is the 93rd largest community in the state of Texas.
Socorro is located at (31.641340, −106.274756).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 22.06 square miles (57.13 km2), of which 22.03 square miles (57.07 km2) is land and 0.023 square miles (0.06 km2), or 0.10%, is water.
Socorro was established in 1680 by local Manso and Piro Indians fleeing the Pueblo Revolt in northern New Mexico. It took its name from Socorro, the town in central New Mexico from which the Piros had originated, which had been given the name Socorro (Spanish for "aid" or "succor") by the Spaniards due to the helpful attitude of the Piro toward the Spaniards at the time of first contact. The probable date of a Mass celebrated in the mission church of Nuestra Señora de la Limpia Concepción del Socorro, October 13, 1680, is regarded as the founding date of the city in Texas, called Socorro, established by the Spaniards and the Piro they brought south with them from New Mexico during the Pueblo Revolt. Socorro was first incorporated in 1871 and was re-incorporated in 1985 in response to an annexation attempt from neighboring El Paso.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
The city of Socorro population was 32,013 in the 2010 census which made it the 95th-largest city in Texas, or bigger than 94% of all Texas cities. From 2000 to 2010, the Socorro city population growth percentage was 17.9% (or from 27,152 people to 32,013 people).
As of the census of 2010, there were 8,792 households and 7,703 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,453.2 people per square mile (560.9/km2). There were 9,313 housing units at an average density of 422.7/sq mi (163.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.3% White, 0.2% African American, 1.6% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 2.9% some other race, and 0.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 96.7% of the population.
There were 8,792 households, out of which 56.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.4% were headed by married couples living together, 19.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 12.4% were non-families. 10.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 4.5% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.64 and the average family size was 3.93.
In the city, the population was spread out, with 32.5% under the age of 18, 11.4% from 18 to 24, 25.3% from 25 to 44, 21.9% from 45 to 64, and 8.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29.5 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.7 males.
For the period 2009–2011, the estimated median annual income for a household in the city was $30,014, and the median income for a family was $30,998. Males had a median income of $26,239 versus $20,189 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,455. About 29.3% of families and 32.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 44.4% of those under age 18 and 29.2% of those age 65 or over.
Socorro is a city of sales and office employees, construction workers, builders, and service providers.
Points of interest
Bulldog Championship Park includes a splash park, an amphitheater, walking trails, and a pond.
Socorro Mission is a Franciscan mission built around 1840 to serve the Native American population in the area. The white adobe mission is a registered Texas historic landmark and one of three missions on the historic Mission Trail. In the mission stands a $300,000 replica of the Pieta. It is one of only 112 authorized replicas of the Pieta, finished by artist Michelangelo in 1499, which can be found in St. Peter's Basilica, Vatican City.
Socorro Entertainment Center is a Native American entertainment and concert venue. Past and upcoming concerts include national acts such as Counting Crows, Gipsy Kings, KC and the Sunshine Band, BB King, Everclear, Soul Asylum, and Toad the Wet Sprocket.
The city of Socorro was ranked the 22nd most exciting city in Texas by Movoto in 2014.
- Socorro Entertainment Center
- Fiesta de San Miguel – Socorro Mission La Purisima – annual bazaar held in September with live music, dancing, food, drinks, games and rides
Bulldog Championship Park, the newest park in El Paso County, contains approximately 6.25 acres, and is located in the City of Socorro. Park amenities include an amphitheater, pavilions, a splash playground, playgrounds, detention pond, walking trails and over 90 parking spaces.
Other parks include:
- Amistad Park
- Cougar Park
- Mauro Rosas Park
- Moon City Park
- Paradize Park
- Rio Bosque Wetlands Park
- Rio Vista Park
- Silvestre Reyes Park
- Valle Hermoso Park
The city of Socorro operates under a council–manager government form of government. Citizens are represented on the city council by six elected members – the mayor and five city council members. The city council is responsible for setting policy and enacting ordinances for the benefit of the residents and businesses in Socorro. The city manager is responsible for the strategic management of the operating and administrative services and for executing the policies and laws of the council. The city manager oversees the provision of services including police, public works, human resources, accounting/purchasing, and planning and zoning.
Current City Council members are;
- District 1: Cesar Nevarez
- District 2: Ralph Duran
- District 3: Victor Perez
- District 4: Yvonne Colon-Villalobos
- At-large: Rene Rodriguez
- Mayor: Elia Garcia
Council members are elected to a four-year term and are on staggered terms.
The city maintains a police department of about 27 officers and a dozen civilian employees.
Socorro High School won the 5A Texas State Baseball Championship in 2009.
Most of Socorro lies within the Socorro Independent School District, with northeast Socorro, including recently annexed areas north of Interstate 10 and between Interstate 10 and Clint, lying within the Clint Independent School District. The following schools, all in the Socorro Independent School District, are located in the city of Socorro:
- Socorro High School
- Socorro Middle School
- Salvador H. Sanchez Middle School
- Ernesto Serna Elementary-Intermediate School
- Escontrias Elementary School
- H.D. Hilley Elementary School
- Hueco Elementary School
- Robert R. Rojas Elementary School
- Campestre Elementary School
The part of Socorro within the Clint Independent School District is zoned to Clint High School, Clint Junior High School, and Surratt Elementary School, all in Clint.
- "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "SOCORRO – Texas Almanac". 22 November 2010. Retrieved 5 March 2017.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 21, 2020.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Socorro city, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved January 11, 2013.
- DONELL, KOHOUT, MARTIN (15 June 2010). "SOCORRO, TX". Retrieved 5 March 2017.
- S.J., BURRUS, ERNEST J. (15 June 2010). "NUESTRA SENORA DE LA LIMPIA CONCEPCION DEL SOCORRO MISSION". Retrieved 5 March 2017.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "2010 Census: Population of Texas Cities Arranged in Alphabetical Order". Texas State Library and Archives Commission. Retrieved January 11, 2013.
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Socorro city, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved January 11, 2013.
- "Selected Economic Characteristics: 2009–2011 American Community Survey 3-Year Estimates (DP03): Socorro city, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved January 11, 2013.
- "These Are The 10 Most Exciting Places In Texas". Retrieved 5 March 2017.
- Socorro Entertainment Center
- Bulldog Championship Park
- "4 Socorro officers, dispatcher arrested are identified (updated with mug shots)", by Aileen Flores, El Paso TImes, 1 November 2012