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Sode guruma jime

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Sode Guruma Jime
The top fighter wraps an arm behind his opponent's head and grabs his own sleeve to complete the choke
The top fighter wraps an arm behind his opponent's head and grabs his own sleeve to complete the choke.
Sub classificationShime-waza
Technique name
RōmajiSode-guruma Jime
EnglishSleeve wheel choke

Sode guruma jime (袖車絞め) ("sleeve wheel constriction") is a type of Judo chokehold (shime-waza), which compresses the opponent’s trachea or the carotid arteries.


The technique can be executed from a variety of positions, but is generally performed by wrapping one arm behind the opponent’s head and grasping onto the sleeve of the gi with the opposite hand. While holding onto the sleeve for leverage, the opposite forearm is brought down across the throat and clinched tight.[1] The choke is directly aided by the use of a gi, but it has also been adapted for no-gi application.

No-gi variation[edit]

Since the choke relies on the leverage created by the gripping of a sleeve, it must be altered slightly to be performed without a gi. Typically, this is accomplished by using the bottom arm to grip the opposite elbow or forearm. It can also be performed without a gi using the fist or wrist instead of the forearm.

Brazilian jiu-jitsu[edit]

Soldier applying the choke from inside his guard, during US Army combatives competition at the 807th MDSC Best Warrior Competition.

Sode guruma jime is widely known as an Ezequiel choke (Portuguese: estrangulamento Ezequiel) in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu.

The choke became associated with the judoka Ezequiel Paraguassu from the time he spent at Carlson Gracie’s gym in Copacabana, Rio de Janeiro in 1988 while preparing for the 1988 Olympics in South Korea. While training at the gym he had a hard time trying to escape the closed guards of his opponents. Growing increasingly frustrated he decided to use the judo technique and managed to submit a number of his opponents. After a while he was asked to teach the technique to the other students and they soon began referring to it as the Ezequiel choke.[2]

Notable uses in competition[edit]

Included systems[edit]


  • Ezequiel choke
  • Ezekiel choke
  • Sleeve wheel choke
  • Sleeve choke
  • Scissor choke
  • Sleeve wheel constriction


  1. ^ Inman, Roy (2008-01-15). The Judo Handbook. The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc. ISBN 978-1-4042-1393-7.
  2. ^ "The Ezekiel Choke – history and breakdown". Breaking Grips. Retrieved July 18, 2021.
  3. ^ "Hidehiko Yoshida". Sherdog. Retrieved 2021-07-19.
  4. ^ "Hidehiko Yoshida - Mixed Martial Arts Fighter". Archived from the original on 2009-02-16. Retrieved 2009-10-14.
  5. ^ Snowden, Jonathan; Shields, Kendall (November 2010). The MMA Encyclopedia. ECW Press. ISBN 978-1-55490-844-8.
  6. ^ Sherdog.com. "Yoshihiro". Sherdog. Retrieved 2021-07-27.
  7. ^ "ALEXEY OLEYNIK: "THE BOA CONSTRICTOR"". Sherdog. Retrieved 2021-07-19.
  8. ^ "Aleksei Oleinik pulls off first ever Ezekiel choke submission in UFC history | FOX Sports". FOX Sports. 2017-01-15. Retrieved 2017-01-16.
  9. ^ "Video: Watch Aleksei Oleinik tap Viktor Pesta with first Ezekiel choke in UFC history". MMA Junkie. 2017-01-16. Retrieved 2021-07-27.
  10. ^ "UFC 224: Nunes vs. Pennington". Ultimate Fighting Championship. Retrieved 2018-02-04.
  11. ^ Langton, Nick (2021-07-22). "Who is the oldest fighter still fighting on the UFC roster in 2021?". www.sportskeeda.com. Retrieved 2021-07-27.

External links[edit]