Sodium salts

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Sodium salts are salts composed of sodium cations and the conjugate base anions of some inorganic or organic acid. They can be formed by the neutralization of the acid with sodium hydroxide.

Categorization[edit]

Sodium salts can be categorized into:

Organic sodium salts[edit]

Sodium salts of some fatty acids
centered Sodium oleate, the sodium salt of oleic acid.
centered Sodium palmitate, the sodium salt of hexadecanoic acid.
centered Sodium stearate, the sodium salt of octadecanoic acid.

Drugs[edit]

In pharmaceutical technology acidic pharmaceutical substances are often converted into sodium salts, because they are more stable, more soluble or membrane-permeable than the drug itself. Example of such sodium salts are (selection): Bispyribac, bithionol, bosentan, brequinar, bromfenac, Cefmenoxime, ceftiofur, citicoline, diclofenac , Floxacillin, fosinopril, naproxen, Netobimin, ozagrel, pantoprazole, pemetrexed, sitamaquin, sitaxentan, sulfamiderazin, sulfapyridine, sulfaquinoxaline, sulfathiazole, sulfazecin, thiamylal and mesna.[1] The disodium salt of cromolyn is also used as drug. Most of these salts are sodium salts of organic carboxylic acids or sulfonic acids.

Plant protection agents[edit]

Herbicides are often used as sodium salts for the reasons named above. One example is the sodium salt of methylflupyrsulfuron (CAS-No. 144740-54-5).[2]

Cosmetics[edit]

Sodium salts of long chain sulfonic acids (e.g. sodium lauryl sulfate) are often included in toothpaste and shampoo. The sodium salts of fatty acids may serve as soaps and can therefore be called sodium soaps.

Dye production[edit]

Sodium salts of certain aromatic sulfonic acids - particularly naphthalenesulfonic acid - are used in the preparation of azo dyes.

Inorganic sodium salts[edit]

Examples of important inorganic sodium salts are sodium fluoride, sodium chloride, sodium bromide, sodium iodide, sodium sulfate, sodium bicarbonate and sodium carbonate. Sodium amide (NaNH2) is the sodium salt of ammonia (NH3).

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Merck Index. An Encyclopaedia of Chemicals, Drugs and Biologicals. 14. Auflage, 2006, ISBN 978-0-911910-00-1.
  2. ^ The Merck Index. An Encyclopaedia of Chemicals, Drugs and Biologicals. 14. Auflage, 2006, S. 718, ISBN 978-0-911910-00-1.