January 7, 1977
Sofi Oksanen (born January 7, 1977) is a Finnish writer. So far, Oksanen has published five novels, of which Purge has gained widest recognition, and two plays. She has received several international and domestic awards for her literary work. Her work has been translated into 50 language territories and sold altogether more than two millions.
She was born in Finland, to a Finnish father and Estonian mother.
Sofi-Elina Oksanen was born and raised in Jyväskylä in Central Finland. Her father is a Finnish electrician, her mother an Estonian engineer who grew up in Estonia during the Soviet period and emigrated to Finland in the 1970s. Oksanen studied literature at the University of Jyväskylä and University of Helsinki and later drama at the Finnish Theatre Academy in Helsinki. Oksanen is actively involved in public debate in Finland and comments on current issues in her columns and various talk shows. She is bisexual and has suffered from eating disorders. In 2009 she received an award from the organizers of Helsinki Pride for her activism on behalf of LGBT people in Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Russia.
Oksanen first became known for her novel Stalinin lehmät ("Stalin's Cows") (2003), a story about a young girl's eating disorder and the image of Estonian women who had immigrated to Finland. It was nominated for the Runeberg Prize.
Oksanen’s first play Puhdistus ("Purge") was staged at the Finnish National Theatre in 2007. From out of the play grew Oksanen’s third novel Puhdistus (2008). It ranked number 1 on the bestseller list for fiction in Finland when it was published and has received numerous awards, both in Finland and abroad.
The play Purge had its American première at La MaMa Experimental Theatre Club, in New York City, on February 10, 2011. The text was translated by Eva Buchwald and the production directed by Zishan Ugurlu.
From October 2011, the play was produced in 11 countries, with productions in Norway, France, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Iceland, Lithuania, Germany and Hungary. It premiered in London at the Arcola Theatre from 22 February - 24 March with a new production directed by Elgiva Field.
Purge was adapted into an opera, composed by Jüri Reinvere, and it premiered at Finnish National Opera in 2012. 
Her fourth novel Kun kyyhkyset katosivat ("When the Doves Disappeared") was published in Finland August 31, 2012 and it was the most sold Finnish novel of the year.  The title refers to German soldiers catching and eating all the pigeons in Tallinn during the German occupation of Estonia.
Oksanen has written a libretto for Kaija Saariaho´s opera. The world premiere is in 2020 at Royal Opera House, Coven Garden, in London.
Oksanen has also written numerous articles published in international newspapers. The topics often are related to freedom of speech, women's rights, Russian politics, information war and immigration. In 2014 Die Welt published her article about information war from the point of view of Eastern European countries.  In 2016 UpNorth published the English translation of her article "What´s it like to write about Russia".  She also writes about Finlandization. In her article "Lion in a cage" she writes about the influence of Finlandization. 
Abroad, the novel won the French Fnac prize in 2010, selected from some 300 works published in France amid positive reviews by French critics; it was the first time the prize had been awarded to a foreigner. Purge was also the first Finnish work to win the Prix Femina Étranger award. and the first work by a female Finn to win the Nordic Council's Literature Prize.
In 2014 Oksanen was honoured by the Budapest Grand Prize. 
In 2015 When the Doves Disappeared received an Italian literary prize for the best translated book of the year, Premio Salerno Libro d'Europa. 
In 2016 When the Doves Disappeared was longlisted for Dublin International Literary Award, known before as IMPAC-prize. Also Purge was longlisted for the same prize in 2011. 
In 2009, the largest daily Estonian newspaper Postimees named Oksanen Person of the Year; according to the editor-in-chief Merit Kopli the decision was unanimous. In 2010 the Estonian President Toomas Hendrik Ilves decorated Sofi Oksanen with the Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana IV Class. In November 2012 the President of Finland Sauli Niinistö decorated Oksanen with the Pro Finlandia Medal of the Order of the Lion of Finland (awarded to artists and writers).
- Judith Katzir (03.05.2010). "The International Writers Festival, Jerusalem" (PDF). Haaretz. Retrieved 05.09.2010. Check date values in:
- "TeaK". Teak.fi. Retrieved 2014-03-23.
- Helsingin Sanomat – International Edition
- City.fi – Sofi Oksanen
- Pride Around the World, San Francisco Bay Times, Rex Wockner, published: July 16, 2009, accessed Sept 6, 2010
-  Archived October 6, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
- https://web.archive.org/web/20100301201758/http://www.bazarforlag.se/Author/Authors/Sofi%20Oksanen.aspx. Archived from the original on March 1, 2010. Retrieved November 12, 2008. Missing or empty
-  Archived September 26, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
- https://web.archive.org/web/20090709130829/http://www.finlit.fi/fili/en/spotlight/sofi_oksanen.html. Archived from the original on July 9, 2009. Retrieved November 12, 2008. Missing or empty
- https://web.archive.org/web/20080924221254/http://www.wsoy.fi/sofioksanen/puhdistus/. Archived from the original on September 24, 2008. Retrieved November 12, 2008. Missing or empty
- Helsingin Sanomat, December 19, 2010, p. C 1: "Kvartetti Euroopan kahtiajaosta" by Jukka Petäjä. — Purge at La MaMa Experimental Theatre in New York
- "Þjóðleikhúsið". Leikhusid.is. 2011-10-27. Retrieved 2014-03-23.
- "Staatsschauspiel Hannover : Spielplan > REPERTOIRE A-Z > Fegefeuer". Staatstheater-hannover.de. 2012-01-26. Retrieved 2014-03-23.
- https://web.archive.org/web/20110810195641/http://www.sofioksanen.com/theatre/purge/. Archived from the original on August 10, 2011. Retrieved October 28, 2011. Missing or empty
- Holdsworth, Nick (19 September 2012). "Finland picks 'Purge' for Oscar contest". Variety. Reed Business Information. Retrieved 19 September 2012.
- "GULAG - Vankileirien saaristo". Gulag.fi. 2012-12-04. Retrieved 2014-03-23.
- Sofi Oksanen and Luke Harding (April 18, 2015). "Sofi Oksanen: 'We know about British colonialism. Russian colonialism is not well known'" (Interview with subject). The Guardian. Retrieved April 18, 2015.
The novel’s title refers to German soldiers who snared and ate pigeons in the Estonian capital, Tallinn
- "Sofi Oksanen has won the Nordic Council Literature Prize 2010 — Nordic cooperation". Norden.org. 2010-03-30. Retrieved 2014-03-23.
- "Sofi Oksanen's 'Purge' Wins Fnac Prize". ERR News. 2010-08-19. Retrieved 05.09.2010. Check date values in:
- "Prix du roman Fnac à "Purge" de la Finlandaise Sofi Oksanen". AFP. 17 August 2010. Retrieved 05.09.2010. Check date values in:
- "Oksanen Wins French Literary Prize". YLE Uutiset. November 2, 2010. Retrieved November 3, 2010.
- Helsingin Sanomat (March 3, 2010). "Sofi Oksanen Wins Nordic Council's Literature Prize". Retrieved November 3, 2010.
- Staff writer (March 15, 2013). "Now Swedish Academy's turn to honour author Oksanen". YLE Uutiset. Retrieved March 16, 2013.
- Toomas Hõbemägi (2009-12-18). "Postimees names Finnish writer Sofi Oksanen Person of the Year". Baltic Business News. Retrieved 07.09.2010. Check date values in:
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sofi Oksanen.|
- Official site
- What Westerners weren't supposed to see
- 29. May 2012, Sofi Oksanen's New Book to Break Printing Record, http://news.err.ee
- 30. August 2012, Sofi Oksanen: Tiet keskitysleireille on kivetty hyvillä aikomuksilla
- 31. August 2012, Puhdistuksen ensi-ilta keräsi tähdet punaiselle matolle