Sofia Dzerzhinskaya

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Sofia Sigizmundovna Dzerzhinskaya born Muszkat (Polish: Zofia Julia Dzierżynska z domu Muszkat Russian: Софья Сигизмундовна Дзержинская (до замужества—Мушкат) (4 December 1882, Warsaw - 27 February 1968, Moscow) was a leading Polish Social Democrat and later Communist politician, and spouse of Feliks Dzerzhinky.

She was married to Felix Dzerzhinsky on 10 November 1910 in Kraków at the St Nicholas Church. On 23 June 1911 she gave birth to their first son and only child Jan(ek) in Pawiak prison.

From September 1918 through February 1919 Sofia was a member of the Soviet diplomatic mission in Bern. From 1920 she lived in the Soviet Union, in Moscow where she worked as a teacher. In 1922 Sofia worked in the School of Rosa Luxemburg in Moscow, later, 1923-24 at the Communist University of the National Minorities of the West. After that worked in the Polish Bureau of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. In 1939-43 Sofia worked at the Executive Committee of Comintern. In 1969, her memoirs "Lata wielkich bojów: wspomnienia" were published in Poland by Książka i Wiedza publishing house.

See also[edit]


  • Robert Blobaum: Feliks Dzierzynsky and the SDKPiL: A study of the origins of Polish Communism (1984). ISBN 0-88033-046-5