Sofja Vladimirovna Giatsintova
|Died||April 12, 1982 (aged 86)|
|Years active||1910 – 1980|
|Awards||Stalin Prize (1947)|
People's Artist of the USSR (1955)
Sofia Vladimirovna Giatsintova (Russian: Со′фья Влади′мировна Гиаци′нтова, August 4 (July 23, o.s.), 1895, - April 12, 1982) was a Russian, Soviet film and theatre actress, who worked in the Moscow Art Theatre (1910-1937), the Lenkom Theatre (1938-1957, 1961-1982, where she was the artistic director in 1951-1957), and the Moscow Stanislavsky Drama Theatre (1958-1960). Sofia Giatsintova, the People's Artist of the USSR (1955), received the USSR State Prize (1947, for her part of Varvara Mikhaylovna in the film The Vow, 1946), as well as numerous state awards, among them the Order of Lenin (1965, 1975). She is the author of the book of memoirs Alone With Memories (С памятью наедине, 1985).
Sofia Giatsintova was born in 1895 to a noble family from Moscow. Her father Vladimir Giatsintov was the Moscow University professor; after 1914 he became the director of the Moscow University Fine Arts museum. Her mother Elizaveta Alexeyevna Giatsintova (née Vekstern) was connected to the renowned Chaadayev family. Sofia remembered her childhood as a happy one. The family adored theatre; Vladimir Giatsintov was a member of the Moscow Shakespearean Society and an amateur playwright. Even as a gymnasium student Sofia decided she'd be an actress and started to take lessons from Elena Muratova, the actress of the Moscow Art Theatre, and in summer 1910 joined its troupe.
In MAT Giatsintova became part of the active group of young actors, among them Evgeny Vakhtangov, Mikhail Chekhov, Serafima Birman, which soon became known as the MAT's First Studio and later Second Moscow Art Theatre. Among her best known parts there were those of Maria in Shakespeare's The Twelfth Night (1917, 1933), Sima (Crank, by Alexander Afinogenov, 1929), Nelly (Humiliated and Insulted by Fyodor Dostoyevsky, 1932). In 1924 she married Ivan Bersenev, the theatre's actor and later artistic director. In 1936, as MAT 2 closed, Giatsintova (along with Bersenev and Birman) moved to the Lenkom Theatre which she became the head of in 1952.
In 1946 Giatsintova starred in Mikhail Chiaureli's The Vow as Varvara Petrovna, a woman who travels to Moscow on foot to give the beloved Vladimir Ilyich Lenin the letter written by common people, only to find that the great revolutionary leader has just died. She finds herself on the Red Square and gives the letter to Iosif Stalin instead, right after he's proclaimed his allegiance to the Lenin's cause, speaking at the funeral. The film brought Giatsintova the Stalin Prize, but hasn't been seen much of after the Soviet dictator's death in 1953.
In 1955 Giatsintova was honoured with the title People's Artist of the USSR. Her acclaimed book of memoirs Alone With Memories (С памятью наедине) came out in 1985. Sofia Giatsintova died on April 12, 1982, in Moscow. She is interred in Novodevichye Cemetery.
- The Seventh Companion (Седьмой спутник, 1967) as Marya Semyonovna