Noorbakhshia is a school of Islamic jurisprudence that emphasizes Muslim Unity. Its very foundation is based on the belief in Allah, angels, prophets, the Day of Judgement and the Quran, as well as other Islamic Scriptures revealed by previous prophets. Practices include prayers (five times a day), fasting during Ramadan, Zakah and pilgrimage journeys to Kaaba. These beliefs and practices have been excerpted from the books: Usool-e-Aitiqadia (deals with Beliefs) and Fiqh-ul-Ahwat (deals with Islamic Jurisprudence), which were written by Syed Muhammad Noorbakhsh. Noorbakhshia has its own Silsila (Sufi Order) : Silsila-e-Zahab (Golden Chain). This Silsila has Imam Haqiqi (Divinely Appointed Imam): from Imam Ali to Imam Mahdi, and Imam Izafi (Deputy to Haqiqi Imam). The linkage of Imam Izafi stems from renowned Sufi saint Maroof-e-Karkhi and is said to continue until the day of Judgement. Now Peer Tariqat is Syed Muhammad Shah Noorani. Noorbakhshia is the only Sufi order of Islam whose foundation has been based upon the teachings of Aima Tahirreen (Fourteen Infallibles).
The most important sources of Noorbakhshi doctrines are included within three books: the "Al-Fiqh al-Ahwat" Superlatively Precautionary Jurisprudence, the "Kitab al-Aitiqadia" Book of Faith, both written by [Shah Syed Muhammad Nurbakhsh Qahistani], and  Dawat-e-Sofia, written by Ameer Kabir Syed Ali Hamdani, a Sufi preacher.
In its country of origin, Iran, the order became outright Shi'a some decades after the Safavid dynasty made Twelver Shi'ism the religion of the state in 1501. The same occurred in Kashmir either during the lifetime of Shams ud-Din Iraqi, who died in 1527, or in the following decades, during the brief interlude of the Chak dynasty's reign. In Baltistan, the Sufia imamia Nurbakhshiya still survive as a sect with doctrines of its own that combine elements of both Shi'ism and Sunni Islam.
Mir Sayyid Muhammad Nurbakhsh was the 15th-century Sufi master to whom researchers have paid less attention. Although Nurbakhsh had many scholar-disciples, including Assiri lahiji, none of his disciples made any serious effort to write Nurbakhsh's biography and to preserve his teachings. However, hundreds of thousands of his followers are still present in the most remote areas of Pakistan. They practise his teachings and are still the custodians of his works and teachings five centuries later.[better source needed]
Nurbakhshis believe that the practices are not an assemblage of his personal views but were originally conceived by him from Muhammad through the masters of the spiritual chain. They state that anyone who questions this connection is invited to travel on the long road through the history of mysticism and to compare it with that of Nurbakhsh's teachings.
Massacre of Nurbakshi in Kashmir
The dominance of Sunni Islam in Kashmir, after the period of Nurbakshi influence, was restored by Mirza Muhammad Haidar Dughlat when he conquered Kashmir. Dughlat sent Fiqh al-ahwat to the Sunni ulema for its analysis, which resulted in a condemnatory fatwa by the ulema to end the Nurbakshi order and convert them to Sunni Islam.
Mir Danial Shaheed and other prominent figures were killed during the clashes. The onslaught against the Nurbakshi led to bloodshed and the end of the once-popular Sufi order.
- Al Quran (القران آلکریم)
- Al-Fiqqa Al-Ahwat (الفقہ الاحوط) by Syed Muhammad Noorbakhsh
- Kitab Al-Aitiqadia (اصول اعتقادیہ) (Book of Faith) by Syed Muhammad Noorbakhsh
- Majma Al-Ahkaam (مجمع الاحکام) by Professor Syed Hassan Shah
- Dawaat Sofia (دعوات صوفیہ) by Mir Syed Ali Hamadani
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