Sofoklis Dousmanis

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Sofoklis Dousmanis
Sofoklis Dousmanis.jpg
Sofoklis Dousmanis, portrait by Georgios Roilos
Born 25 December 1868[1]
Corfu
Died 6 January 1952
Athens
Allegiance Greece Kingdom of Greece (1888–17, 1920–23)
Greece Second Hellenic Republic (1935)
Service/branch Hellenic Navy
Years of service 1888–1917, 1920–23, 1935
Rank RHN-OF9-sleeve (WWI).svg Admiral
Wars Balkan Wars, Asia Minor Campaign

Sofoklis Dousmanis (Greek: Σοφοκλής Δούσμανης, 25 December 1868 – 6 January 1952) was a Greek naval officer. Distinguished in the Balkan Wars, he became twice the chief of the Greek Navy General Staff, and occupied the post of Navy Minister in 1935.

Life[edit]

Sofoklis Dousmanis was born in Corfu on 25 December 1868,[2] a descendant of a branch of the Albanian Dushmani family that had emigrated to Corfu; he was the grandson of Antonio Dusmani and brother of Viktor Dousmanis.[3][4]

He entered the Hellenic Naval Academy on 20 May 1884 and graduated on 18 June 1888 as a Line Ensign. He was subsequently promoted to Sub-Lieutenant (8 January 1890), Lieutenant (14 November 1896), Lt. Commander (6 May 1905), and Commander (29 March 1910).[2] He served aboard various ships and in staff positions, including as instructor at the Navy Academy (1908–09), and as captain of the destroyer Nafkratousa (1906), the ironclad Psara (1910–11), the troop carrier Sfaktiria (1911 and 1912), and of the newly delivered cruiser Georgios Averof (1911), as well as chief of staff of the Exercise Squadron (1911).[2]

With the outbreak of the First Balkan War in October 1912, he became captain of Averof as well as chief of staff to the Aegean Fleet commander, Rear Admiral Pavlos Koundouriotis, who used the Averof as his flagship. In this capacity he participated in the two victorious naval battles of Elli and Lemnos, as well as the capture of several Aegean islands as well as Mount Athos, Kavala and Dedeagatch.[2]

On 2 June 1913, he was promoted to Captain, and to Rear Admiral on 15 April 1914. After briefly assuming command of the Battleship Squadron, he was appointed Chief of the Navy General Staff in June 1914, serving until the resignation of King Constantine I and the assumption of government by Eleftherios Venizelos in June 1917. The new government placed him on suspended service and retired him on 20 October 1917, followed by internal exile in 1918–20.[2] After the Venizelist electoral defeat in November 1920 and the return of King Constantine, he was recalled to active service (6 November 1920) and served as Chief of the Aegean Fleet (January–April 1921), which he led in the attempts to stop the seaborne resupply of Mustafa Kemal's Turkish National Movement, and again Chief of the Navy General Staff (December 1921-October 1922).[2] After the Greek defeat in the Asia Minor Campaign and the 11 September 1922 Revolution, he was again placed into suspended service and retired on 19 January 1923 as Vice Admiral.[2]

On 2 March 1935, he became Minister for Naval Affairs in the Panagis Tsaldaris cabinet, a post he kept until the government's resignation on 10 October 1935.[5] On 25 March 1935, he was recalled to active service as a full Admiral for exceptional service, remaining in active commission until 20 November 1935.[2]

In 1939, he edited and published the Averof‍ '​s captain's log during the Balkan Wars period.[2] He died in Athens in 1952.[2]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ Note: Greece officially adopted the Gregorian calendar on 16 February 1923 (which became 1 March). All dates prior to that, unless specifically denoted, are Old Style.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Διατελέσαντες Αρχηγοί ΓΕΝ: Δούσμανης, Σοφοκλής" (in Greek). Hellenic Navy. Retrieved 18 April 2015. 
  3. ^ Sicilianos, Demetrios (1960). Old and new Athens. Putnam. p. 223. Retrieved 27 November 2011. 
  4. ^ Vatikiotis, Panayiotis J. (1998). Popular autocracy in Greece, 1936-41: a political biography of general Ioannis Metaxas. Frank Cass. p. 25. ISBN 978-0-7146-4869-9. Retrieved 27 November 2011. 
  5. ^ "Κυβέρνησις ΠΑΝΑΓΗ ΤΣΑΛΔΑΡΗ - Από 10.3.1933 έως 10.10.1935" (in Greek). General Secretariat of the Government. Retrieved 18 April 2015. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Alexandros Hatzikyriakos
Minister of Naval Affairs
10 March – 10 October 1935
Succeeded by
Georgios Kondylis
Military offices
Preceded by
Rear Admiral Dimitrios Papachristos
Chief of the Navy General Staff
19 June 1914 – 14 June 1917
Succeeded by
Captain Georgios Kakoulidis
Preceded by
Rear Admiral Konstantinos Malikopoulos
Chief of the Navy General Staff
15 December 1921 – 12 October 1922
Succeeded by
Captain Agisilaos Gerontas