Soft landing (aeronautics)
This article does not cite any sources. (July 2015) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
A soft landing is any type of aircraft, rocket or spacecraft-lander landing that does not result in damage to/the destruction of the vehicle or anything on board,[dubious ] as opposed to a hard landing.
This can be achieved by
- parachute—often this is into water.
- vertical rocket powered landing using retrorockets, often referred to as VTVL (vertical landing referred to as VTOL, is usually for aircraft landing in a "level" attitude, rather than rockets — first achieved by a Blue Origin New Shepard.
- horizontal landing, most aircraft and some spacecraft, such as the Space Shuttle, land this way.
- being caught, as attempted with Genesis (spacecraft) and followed by some other form of landing.
Soft landing can be contrasted with the term hard landing.