Soft sensor or virtual sensor is a common name for software where several measurements are processed together. Commonly soft sensors are based on control theory and also receive the name of state observer. There may be dozens or even hundreds of measurements. The interaction of the signals can be used for calculating new quantities that need not be measured. Soft sensors are especially useful in data fusion, where measurements of different characteristics and dynamics are combined. It can be used for fault diagnosis as well as control applications.
Examples of soft sensor applications:
- Kalman filters for estimating the location
- Velocity estimators in electric motors
- Estimating process data using self-organizing neural networks
- Fuzzy computing in process control
- Estimators of food quality
- García, MR; Cabo, ML; Herrera, JR; Ramilo-Fernández, G; Alonso, AA; Balsa-Canto, E (March 2017). "Smart sensor to predict retail fresh fish quality under ice storage". Journal of Food Engineering. 197: 87–97. doi:10.1016/j.jfoodeng.2016.11.006. hdl:10261/141204.
- Fortuna, Luigi; Graziani, Salvatore; Rizzo, Alessandro; Xibilia, M. Gabriella (2007), Soft Sensors for Monitoring and Control of Industrial Processes, Springer-Verlag, ISBN 978-1-84628-479-3
- Kadlec, Petr; Gabrys, Bogdan; Strandt, Sybille (2009), "Data-driven Soft Sensors in the Process Industry" (PDF), Computers and Chemical Engineering, 33 (4): 795–814, doi:10.1016/j.compchemeng.2008.12.012
- Karri, Rama Rao; Damaraju, Phaneswara Rao; Venkateswarlu, Chimmiri (2009), "Soft Sensor Based Nonlinear Control of a Chaotic Reactor", Intelligent Control Systems and Signal Processing, 2 (1): 537–543, doi:10.3182/20090921-3-TR-3005.00093
- Venkatasubramanian, V.; Rengaswamy, R.; Yin, S.; Kavuri (2003), "A review of process fault detection and diagnosis, three Parts", Computers and Chemical Engineering, 27 (3): 293–326, CiteSeerX 10.1.1.91.2319, doi:10.1016/S0098-1354(02)00161-8