Portal:Software

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The Software Portal

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Software is a program that enables a computer to perform a specific task, as opposed to the physical components of the system (hardware). This includes application software such as a word processor, which enables a user to perform a task, and system software such as an operating system, which enables other software to run properly, by interfacing with hardware and with other software. Software also acts as an interface between the hardware like processor(s) and user(s).
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Selected article

System software is computer software designed to operate the computer hardware and to provide a platform for running application software.[1][2]

The most basic types of system software are:

In some publications, the term system software is also used to designate software development tools (like a compiler, linker or debugger).[3]

In contrast to system software, software that allows users to do things like create text documents, play games, listen to music, or surf the web is called application software.[4]

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Timeline of Google Earth and KML
Credit: Gjmathews1

Google Earth is a free-of-charge, downloadable virtual globe program. It maps the earth by superimposing images obtained from satellite imagery, aerial photography and GIS over a 3D globe.

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Selected biography

Bill Gates, 16. November 2004 at IT-Forum in Copenhagen
'William Henry Gates III
'
William Henry Gates III, (b. October 28, 1955), commonly known as Bill Gates is the founder, chairman, former chief software architect, and former CEO of Microsoft. He is consistently ranked in the Forbes list of the world's wealthiest people. Between 2009 and 2014 his wealth more than doubled from $40 billion to more than $82 billion. When family wealth is considered, his family ranks second behind the Walton family. Gates is the first one to reach the richest peak from the technology world.

Gates is a leading philanthropist, and has stated that he intends to give away the majority of his vast wealth. He and his wife set up the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (B&MGF) in 1994 with the aim of improving health and combating poverty in developing regions across the world. He has attracted considerable acclaim for the Foundation's work, including its work in combating HIV infection in Africa.

Gates finally quit day-to-day responsibility at Microsoft in June 2008 in favour of running the B&MGF after a long period of moving away from executive control, originally as CEO, then as 'Chief Software Architect'. Gates remains chairman of Microsoft.

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This existing base of FLOSS software represents a lower bound of about 131,000 real person-years of effort that has been devoted exclusively by programmers. As this is mostly by individuals not directly paid for development, it represents a significant gap in national accounts of productivity. Annualised and adjusted for growth this represents at least 800 million euros in voluntary contribution from programmers alone each year, of which nearly half are based in Europe.


Study on the: Economic impact of open source software on innovation and the competitiveness of the Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) sector in the EU.

(Note: FLOSS is an acronym for "free, libre and open source software".)

Did you know

...that BIOS software is built into personal computers, and is a type of system software?
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Software is also part of the wider categories Computing and Computer Science.


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References

  1. ^ http://depts.alverno.edu/cil/mod1/software/system.html
  2. ^ http://searchsoa.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid26_gci213024,00.html
  3. ^ http://www.webopedia.com/TERM/S/systems_software.html
  4. ^ W. W. Milner, Ann Montgomery-Smith (2000). Information and Communication Technology for Intermediate Gnvq. p.126
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