Sohag Governorate

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Sohag Governorate
Flag of Sohag Governorate
Official logo of Sohag Governorate
Sohag Governorate on the map of Egypt
Sohag Governorate on the map of Egypt
Coordinates: 26°34′N 31°42′E / 26.56°N 31.7°E / 26.56; 31.7Coordinates: 26°34′N 31°42′E / 26.56°N 31.7°E / 26.56; 31.7
Country Egypt
SeatSohag (capital)
 • GovernorAhmed Abdullah Al Ansari[1]
 • Total1,547 km2 (597 sq mi)
(January 2018)
 • Total5,063,000[2]
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)

Sohag Governorate (Egyptian Arabic: محافظة سوهاجMuḥāfẓet Sohag) is one of the governorates of Egypt. It is located in the southern part of the country (Upper Egypt), and covers a stretch of the Nile Valley.[3] Since 1960, its capital has been the city of Sohag. Prior to that, the capital was the city of Girga and the name of the governorate was Girga Governorate.[4]


The rate of poverty is more than 60% in this governorate but recently some social safety networks have been provided in the form of financial assistance and job opportunities. The funding has been coordinated by the country's Ministry of Finance and with assistance from international organizations.[5]

In early 2019, some residents of the poorer villages of Sohag were able to move into their new homes built, in part, with aid from the National Bank of Kuwait. There was a celebration for the completion of 115 homes where residents also received cattle and other gifts.[6]

Municipal divisions[edit]

The governorate is divided into municipal divisions with a total estimated population as of July 2017 of 4,995,155. In the case of Sohag governorate, there are two new cities, five aqsam and twelve marakiz. In some instances there is a markaz and a kism with the same name.[7][8]

Municipal Divisions
Anglicized name Native name
(July 2017 Est.)
Akhmim ϣⲙⲓⲛ/ مركز أخميم Shmin/Akhmīm 439,080 Markaz
El Balyana ⲃⲩⲗⲓⲁⲛⲏ / مركز البلينا Wiliana/Al-Balyanā 525,042 Markaz
El Kawtar ⲡⲉⲣⲟⲩⲟⲧ / قسم الكوثر Berouod/Al-Kawthar 4,859 Kism (fully urban)
El Maragha ⲁⲗⲙⲁⲣⲁⲅⲉ / مركز المراغة Almaraga/Al-Marāghah 394,232 Markaz
El Munsha ⲡⲥⲟⲓ / مركز المنشأة Bsoi/Al-Munsha'āh 404,030 Markaz
Aserat ⲁⲗⲁⲥⲁⲓⲣⲁⲑ / مركز العسيرات Alasairat/Al-'Usayrāt  195,927 Markaz
Dar El Salam ⲫⲉⲣϩⲱⲧⲡ / مركز دار السلام Perhodb/Dar as-Salām  411,524 Markaz
Girga ⲧⲓⲛ / قسم جرجا Din/Jirjā 146,756 Kism (urban and rural parts)
Girga ⲧⲓⲛ / مركز جرجا Din/Jirjā 331,824 Markaz
Juhaynah West ϫⲟⲩϩⲉⲓⲛⲉ ⲛⲉⲙⲉⲛⲧ / مركز جهينة الغربية Juheina enEmend/Juhaynah al-Gharbiyah 272,650 Markaz
New Akhmim ϣⲙⲓⲛ ⲙⲃⲉⲣⲓ / مدينة أخميم الجديدة Shmin emWeri/Madīnat Akhmīm al-Jadīdah 0 New City
New Sohag ⲥⲟⲩϩⲁϫ ⲙⲃⲉⲣⲓ}} / مدينة سوهاج الجديدة Souhaj emWeri/Madīnat Sawhāj al-Jadīdah 174 New City
Saqultah ⲥⲁⲕⲟⲩⲗⲑⲉ / مركز ساقلته Sakulta/Sāqultah 207,439 Markaz
Sohag ⲥⲟⲩϩⲁϫ / مركز سوهاج Suhaj/Sawhāj 536,871 Markaz
Sohag 1 ⲥⲟⲩϩⲁϫ 1 / قسم اول سوهاج Suhaj Wai/Sawhāj 1 132,058 Kism (fully urban)
Sohag 2 ⲥⲟⲩϩⲁϫ 2 / قسم ثان سوهاج Suhaj Snau/Sawhāj 2 109,376 Kism (fully urban)
Tahta ⲑⲁϩⲑⲱ / قسم طهطا Tahto/Ṭahṭā 165,026 Kism (urban and rural parts)
Tahta ⲑⲁϩⲑⲱ / مركز طهطا Tahto/Ṭahṭā 289,312 Markaz
Tima ⲧⲁⲙⲙⲁ / مركز طما Dama/Ṭimā 428,975 Markaz


Historical population
1937 1,118,402—    
1947 1,283,468+14.8%
1957 1,449,000+12.9%
1966 1,689,000+16.6%
1976 1,924,960+14.0%
1986 2,455,134+27.5%
1996 3,123,114+27.2%
2006 3,747,289+20.0%
2015 4,603,861+22.9%
2017 4,995,155+8.5%
2018E 5,063,000+1.4%

According to population estimates, in 2015 the majority of residents in the governorate lived in rural areas, with an urbanization rate of only 21.4%. Out of an estimated 4,603,861 people residing in the governorate in 2015, 3,618,543 people lived in rural areas and 985,318 lived in urban areas.[11]

Cities and towns[edit]

Industrial zones[edit]

According to the Egyptian Governing Authority for Investment and Free Zones (GAFI), in affiliation with the Ministry of Investment (MOI), the following industrial zones are located in this governorate:[12]

  • Al Kawthar District
  • Al Ahaiwa
  • Beit Dawood, west of Gerga
  • West Of Tahta
  • (New urban community industrial zone) New Sohag

Important sites[edit]

Notable people[edit]


  1. ^ "رسمياً.. المحافظون الجدد ونوابهم يؤدون اليمين الدستورية أمام الرئيس". Almasry Alyoum (in Arabic). 30 August 2018. Archived from the original on 2018-08-31. Retrieved 2018-08-31.
  2. ^ "Population Estimates By Governorate ( Urban /Rural ) 1/1/2018". Archived from the original on 2018-11-02. Retrieved 10 October 2018.
  3. ^ "Sohag Governorate". google.come. Google Map.
  4. ^ Law, Gwillim (1999). Administrative Subdivisions of Countries: A Comprehensive World Reference, 1900 through 1998 (snippet view). Jefferson, NC: McFarland. p. 114. ISBN 978-0-7864-0729-3. Retrieved 2010-08-07.
  5. ^ "Social Solidarity Ministry to provide citizens with disabilities financial support". Egypt Independent. 25 July 2017. Retrieved 11 December 2018.
  6. ^ Al-Ghwait, Khaled (31 January 2019). "Orman and Bank of Kuwait celebrate the completion of the development of 115 houses in Sohag" (in Arabic). Retrieved 3 February 2019.
  7. ^ a b "Sohag Governorate Subdivisions". Archived from the original on 2018-11-26. Retrieved 2018-11-26.
  8. ^ "Markazes of Egypt". Gwillim Law. Archived from the original on 2017-10-19. Retrieved 26 November 2018.
  9. ^ Law, Gwillim (November 23, 1999). Administrative Subdivisions of Countries: A Comprehensive World Reference, 1900 Through 1998. McFarland. ISBN 978-0-7864-6097-7.
  10. ^ "اPop. Estimates by Governorate 1/1/2018". Archived from the original on 2018-11-02. Retrieved 10 October 2018.
  11. ^ a b "Population Estimates By Sex & Governorate 1/1/2015" (PDF). CAPMAS. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2015-10-19. Retrieved 23 October 2016.
  12. ^ "Industrial Zones of Governorate". Ministry of Investment Egypt. Archived from the original on 2018-11-23. Retrieved 23 November 2018.

External links[edit]