|Sohna (South Gurgaon )
|Elevation||212 m (696 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Sohna is a town and a municipal committee in the Gurgaon district of Haryana, India. A popular tourist weekend and conference retreat, it is on the highway from Gurgaon to Alwar near a vertical rock. Sohna is known for its hot springs and Shiva temple. The town derived its name from gold dust which was found in the sand of streams after heavy rains. Its population is about 30,000. Sohna is 15 minutes from Badshahpur. More than 60 villages came under tehsil of Sohna. Tejpal Tanwar of the Bharatiya Janata Party is the MLA for the town.
In the 2001 India census, Sohna had a population of 27,571. Males were 53 percent of the population, and females 47 percent. Sohna has a literacy rate of 63 percent, higher than the national average of 59.5 percent. Male literacy is 70 percent, and female literacy 54 percent. Seventeen percent of the population is under age six. Tejpal Tanwar of the BJP is the MLA for Sohna.
The Sohna assembly district is dominated by yadav groups, which make up about 50,000 of the total population of 127,774. Thakurs number about 12,000, with about 10,000 Gujjars and 16,000 Backward Classes and Scheduled Castes.
The 7-kilometre (4.3 mi) stretch of the six-lane Sohna (South Gurgaon) road from Rajiv Chowk to Badshahpur is damaged due to faulty design, according to experts from the Central Road Research Institute (CRRI); its design is inadequate for the traffic load. The Haryana government has drawn up a South Gurgaon Master Plan 2031, which will regulate housing.
Damdama Lake is known for its boating and picturesque surroundings. Sohna, in the foothills of the Aravalis, is known for hot-water springs in an ancient Shiva temple. The temple was built by the king of Gwalior. A Gangasnan mela (fair) is held each November at the temple, and a fair is held each July and August to celebrate Teej.
The hot springs in the temple are strongly sulphurous, and their temperature varies from 46 to 51.7 °C (114.8 to 125.1 °F). According to legend, Arjun (one of the five Pandav brothers) dug the wells when he was thirsty. Sohna is believed to have been the abode of hermits and the main kund (tank), Shiva Kund, is said to have medicinal properties. Devotees consider it sacred, and during eclipses and Somavati Amavasya they gather here to bathe in the water. The hilltop Barbet Resort, operated by Haryana Tourism, has sauna and steam-bath facilities, a small swimming pool, a park, lodging and a restaurant overlooking the town.
The unfinished Bharatpur Hill Fort was built by the king of Bharatpur State between 1700 and 1857. The highway 71B from Palwal via Sohna to Rewari via Bhiwadi passes over these hills and through the gap in the right and left flanks of bastions of the fort. Badan Singh extended his territory and was succeeded by Suraj Mal, his nephew, under whom the power of the Jat people reached its zenith. Suraj conquered a large portion of north-central India, including the imperial cities of Agra and Delhi. The Jats were fickle allies, making and breaking alliances with the Mughals, the Mahrattas and the British, losing territory to all three but gaining Deeg in the process. In accordance with an agreement with the British, construction of the Sohna fort was halted by the Jat rulers of Bharatput.
The Gora Barak Mosque has a minaret (khamba in Hindi). The Quto Khan ki Masjid, built from local red sandstone, is in ruins. The Shah Nazam al haq Tomb was built over a Hindu temple. The tomb has an inscription dating it to 1461, during the reign of Bahlul Khan Lodi of the Lodi dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate. Material from the Hindu temple was used to build the tomb. It stands on a high platform with stone steps on one side leading to the entrance, inside which is a pillared hall. Decorative features include inscriptions in Arabic, pointed Islamic arches and floral patterns. Educator Syed Ahmad Khan's grandfather is buried here, and notable Muslims were buried in the tomb complex of their favorite Sufi pirs.
Lal Gumbaz (Red Dome) and Kala Gumbaz (Black dome) are west of the town. The Kamboj ruins were left by the Kamboj people, who were influential with the Persians, Afghans and Sayads during the Middle Ages.
Real estate development
A master plan for the town was introduced in 2012. Divided into 38 sectors, the plan covers residential, commercial, institutional, industrial, transport, communications, utilities, public and semi-public use, open spaces and agricultural and conservation zones.
- Government Senior Secondary School (boys)
- Girls' School
- Rashtriya Adarsh Vidyalaya
- Vega Schools
- KR Mangalam
- Euro Kids
- Pathways World School
- GD Goenka World School
- Ryan International School
- MatriKIran Preschool
- Shiv Public Sr. Sec. School
- Asian Public School
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- "Ground realty of Sohna Road". The Times Of India. 19 January 2011.
- "Sohna Road design faulty, not in tune with traffic load: CRRI - The Times of India". The Times Of India.
- "Monsoon brings drying Damdama Lake back to life". The Times of India. Sep 27, 2010.
- Haryana Tourism - Barbet Resort
- Archive gallery pictures of unifished fort of Sohna
- Sohna Old Hill Fort
- Encyclopaedia of Tourism Resources in India by Manohar Sajnani, Volume 1, page-98
- Hindu Temples: What Happened to Them - authored by Shourie, Narain; Dubashi, Swarup and Ram Goel
- Mewat heritage walk
- Times of India: decaying Shah Nazam al Haq tomb