Sohna

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Sohna (South Gurgaon )
सोहना
city
Sohna (South Gurgaon ) is located in Haryana
Sohna (South Gurgaon )
Sohna (South Gurgaon )
Location in Haryana, India
Coordinates: 28°15′N 77°04′E / 28.25°N 77.07°E / 28.25; 77.07Coordinates: 28°15′N 77°04′E / 28.25°N 77.07°E / 28.25; 77.07
Country  India
State Haryana
District Gurgaon
Elevation 212 m (696 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 27,571
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 122103

Sohna is a town and a municipal committee in the Gurgaon district of Haryana, India. The City of Sohna is a popular tourist location, especially as a weekend and conference retreat. It is located 24 km from the city on the highway from Gurgaon to Alwar, near a vertical rock. It is famous for its hot springs and ancient Shiva temple. The town derived its name from the gold dust which was found in the sand of streams, after heavy rains in the beds of the neighboring torrents. It has a permanent population of approximately 30,000.The connectivity is good and it only takes 30 minutes from main city and 15 minutes from Badshahpur or sohna road.[1] [2] Tejpal Tanwar of BJP is MLA of Sohna who defeated Kishore Yadav of INLD in 2014 elections.[3]

Geography[edit]

Sarus crane

Sohna is located at 28°15′N 77°04′E / 28.25°N 77.07°E / 28.25; 77.07.[4]

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[5] Sohna had a population of 27,571. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Sohna has an average literacy rate of 63%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 70%, and female literacy is 54%. In Sohna, 17% of the population is under 6 years of age. Tejpal Tanwar of BJP is MLA of Sohna.[6]

Ethnicity[edit]

Sohna assembly segment is dominated by yadavs, constituting about 50,000 of the 1,27,774 number. Thakurs around 12,000 with 10000 number of gujjars and about 16,000 Backward Classes and Scheduled Castes Sohna Sulphur Springs and Tourist Complex lies atop the Aravalli hills in the small town of Sohna. The spring has sulphurous water, which is believed to have medicinal properties. Temperature of the spring ranges from 46.10° Celsius to 51.70° Celsius. Built around 14th century, the spring is located at the foot of a perpendicular rock and is capped by a dome. Above the rock, there is a spa complex with sauna and steam bath facilities. Furthermore, there is also a mini swimming pool, which is filled with water cascading from a wall mural. According to Hindu mythological belief, the place is a site of main kund and is called the Shiva Kund. During ancient times, this site was the abode of hermits. During the solar or lunar eclipse and Somvati Amavasya, several....[7]

Transport[edit]

Sohna is connected to Gurgaon through Sohna Road. Sohna is not, however, directly connected to the Delhi metro but Sohna Local City Transport Buses is connected Sohna to Delhi Metro system.sohna is approx. 45 minutes distance from HUDA City Centre (last metro station in gurgaon)[8]

Good infrastructure[edit]

The Sohna (South Gurgaon) road is very good 6 laned but has unwanted speed brakers. The 7-km-long stretch between Rajiv Chowk and Badshahpur is damaged due to faulty design specification and experts from the Central Road Research Institute (CRRI) have found the design and specification of Sohna Road to be incompatible with the traffic load. This area has great connectivity and prospects with the proposed 1,483 km-long DMIC, new Metro linkages, and the forthcoming KMP bypass coming up in the vicinity. Also the place is in close proximity to the main city which is a leisure hub, a leather hub, a sports hub. Other facilities close to the developing sectors of the Sohna master plan include Westin Sohna Resort, GD Goenka World School, KR Mangalam University, and Ascendas's IT & ITeS project. MMTCPAMP SA gold and silver refining is located at the Roj Ka Meo industrial estate near Sohna

The Haryana government has notified the South Gurgaon Master Plan, 2031, which is expected to streamline and regulate the burgeoning real estate market of Gurgaon. With the approval of this new master plan several residential, commercial and industrial projects are expected to be launched here in the near future. More than 38 new sectors have been notified in the new master plan of South Gurgaon.

The Sohna market is expected to cater to the affordable segment; the townships with group-housing and plotted developments are likely to be available in the price band of Rs 4500 – 5500 per sq ft.[9][10]

List of GSM Mobile Operators as on March 16, 2016

Operator Technology

1.Airtel 2G 3G(HSDPA+)

2.Vodafone 2G 3G(HSDPA+)

3. Idea 2G 3G(HSDPA+) 4G(LTE)

4.TATA Docomo 2G 3G(HSDPA+)

5. Cellone 2G 3G(HSDPA+)

6.Reliance 2G(EDGE)

7.Jio 4G(LTE)

8.Airtel Delhi ¹ 2G 3G(HSDPA+) 4G LTE

¹ Airtel Delhi s coverage is also here.

Tourist attractions[edit]

Damdama Lake[edit]

Damdama Lake is known for its boating and picturesque landscape.[11]

Ancient Shiv Temple[edit]

Sohna is situated in the foothills of Aravalis. It is famous for its hot water springs inside an ancient Shiva Temple.

The Ancient Shiv Temple was built by the King of Gwalior. The Main hall of the Hot Water Tank was constructed in Vikram Samvat 1586 (~1530 CE). The main priest family who looks after Shiva Temple is the Oldestliving Residents in Sohna, living there for almost seventeen generations. The main tank is called Baba Sakhamjati Maharaj.

Every Year on the occasion of Shiv Chaudas and Maha Shivaratri the residents of Sohna offer their special prayers to Lord Shiva and Maa Bhagwati Durga for new born babies and newly married couples.

Gangasnan Fair[edit]

Gangasnan mela (mela means fair) is organised every year in the month of November at the ancient Shiv Temple of Sohna.

Teej Fair[edit]

Teej mela (mela means fair) is organised at the ancient Shiv Temple of Sohna during the months of July and August to celebrate the festival of "Teej".

Sohna Sulphur Hot Spring[edit]

Sohna is well known for its hot water spring located inside the Shiv Temple. The water is strongly sulphurous and its temperature varies from 46 °C to 51.7 °C.

According to legend, Arjun (one of the five Pandav brothers) dug these wells when he was thirsty.

In ancient times, Sohna is believed to have been the abode of hermits and the main kund (tank), called Shiv Kund, is said to have medicinal properties and curative effects. Devotees consider it sacred and during solar and lunar eclipses, as well as Somavati Amavasya, they gather here in the fairs to take a dip in the water.

Barbet Haryana Tourism Hot Spring Spa Resort[edit]

The 'Barbet Hot Spring Spa Resort of Haryana Tourism, situated on the top of the hill, includes sauna, sulphur and steam bath facilities, a mini swimming pool filled with water spewed from a wall mural and a park. It is a scenic spot that has lodging and a restaurant overlooking the town.[12]

Sohna is famous for its sulphur springs, reputed for their medicinal properties, with the temperature ranging from 46.10c to 51.70c. The springs are located at the feet of a perpendicular hill, and are capped by a dome believed to have been built in Vikram Samvat 1586 (~1530 CE) by the king of Gwalior.

Sohna Hill Fort[edit]

The Bharatpur Hill Fort of Sohna was built by the king of Bharatpur State. Higher up on the hills near Sohna town in Aravalli Range are ruins of an unfinished Sohna fort (circa 1700 - 1857 CE) with bastions.[13] The highway 71B from Palwal via Sohna to Rewari via Bhiwadi passes over these hills and through the gap in the right and left flanks of bastions of the fort.[14]

Badan Singh extended his territories and received enhanced titles and honours. He was succeeded by Suraj Mal, his nephew, stepson, and adopted son, under whom the power of the Jats reached its zenith. Suraj conquered a vast territory in north central India, including the Imperial cities of Agra and Delhi. Thereafter the Jats proved fickle allies, making and breaking alliances with the Mughals, the Mahrattas, and the British, losing territory to all three, but also gaining Deeg in the process. The British, under Gerard Lake, 1st Viscount Lake (Lord Lake), fruitlessly besieged the fort of Bharatpur twice, in 1804 and again in Siege of Bharatpur (1805) during the during the Second Anglo-Maratha War, eventually settling for a subsidiary alliance after the failure of the second siege.

After the 8th Maharaja of Bharatpur Maharaja Baldeo Singh of Bharatpur Jat state died in 1825, Maharaja Durjan Sal became the 9th Maharaja of Bharatpur (usurper) after opposing his cousin Maharaja Balwant Singh's accession and imprisoned him. British forces eventually laid siege to Bharatpur for three weeks and on 18 January 1826. The fort eventually fell to Stapleton Cotton, 1st Viscount Combermere's (Lord Combermere) forces in 1826 in the three weeks Siege of Bharatpur after the British had intervened to unseat the usurper Durjan Sal. The Durjan sal was then imprisoned at Allahabad, and the Bharatput state was handed over to the claimant and 10th Maharaja of Bharatpur Maharaja Balwant Singh. As per the agreements with British, the Fort at Bharatpur was demolished and the construction of unifinished Sohna Fort was halted by the Jat rulers of Bharatput.

Gora Barak Mosque[edit]

Gora Barak Mosque has a pillar (called Khamba in Hindi) with a mosque attached to it that date back to 3101 CE.[15]

Quto Khan ki Masjid[edit]

Quto Khan ki Masjid was built from local stone and red sandstone, now lies in ruins.[15]

Shah Nazam al Haq's Tomb[edit]

Shah Nazam al haq Tomb, built over a Hindu temple site after destroying it,[16] is situated near the Gurudwara in ward No. 4 of the Khatiqwara Mohalla of Sohna town.[17]

This tomb has an inscription that dates it construction 1461 CE,[15] which was during the reign of Bahlul Khan Lodi of Lodi dynasty of Delhi sultanate from the with red sandstone and buff (pale-brown) sandstone materials carried through these area for building tombs in the capital city of Delhi. This tomb was constructed after destroying the Hindu temple on this site and site and material was used to build the tomb.[16] It stands on a high platform that has stone steps at one side leading to the entrance, inside of which is a pillared hall. There are decorative features such as inscriptions in Arabic, pointed Islamic arches and floral patterns.[18]

The remains of educationist Sir Syed Ahmad Khan's grandfather was buried here as was the practice for the notable Muslims to be buried in the tomb complex of their favorite Sufi peers.[18]

Lal Gumbaz and Kala Gumbaz[edit]

Lal Gumbaz (red dome) and Kala Gumbaz (black dome) lie west of the town.[15]

Kamboj ruins of Sohna[edit]

The Kamboj ruins of Sohna are the ruins of Kamboj people who during the Middle Ages during Lodi dynasty and Mughal Empire, along with Persians, Afghans and Sayads became very influential by serving the rulers and they formed a royal elite of Lodhi and Moghal courts.[15] The Kambojs got tripped on the economic front in the 18th century after the rise of Bharatpur State of Jats and British Raj, which has led to their economic and the ruined settlements of Sohna in Gurgaon district speaks volume of their past rise and fall.

Sohna Vintage Car Rally[edit]

Sohna Vintage Car Rally is held every February on Sohna hill and Haryana Tourism celebrates the day with a fair [clarification needed] event (last held in 2001).[19]

Sohna Hill Scenic Outlook[edit]

The place on Sohna hill where the vintage car rally fair is held is famous for its scenic view at night.

Lala Kherli Temples[edit]

It's said that Sohna is a "famous pilgrim place of the Hindus". Sohna attracts the tourists because of various place, there is a Shani Dev temple and Shiva temple in village Lala Kherli. where the water comes from the hills all the years. The temple was built hundreds of years ago. The water of the Kund near temple has a purity and used in various aspects of life.

Real estate development[edit]

Sohna Master Plan[20] was introduced in 2012. There are a total of 38 Sectors under the Sohna Master Plan divided between, Residential, Commercial, Institutional, Industrial, Transport & Communications, Public Utilities, Public & Semi Public Use, Open Spaces, Agricultural Zones and Natural Conservation Zones. One should note that the sectors are not really in the numerical order in terms of the proximity to Gurgaon, for e.g. sector 29 to Sector 35 would be closest to the existing Gurgaon and Golf Course Extension Road. Golf Course Extn. Road is also being extended to some new sectors of Sohna.[21]

The Planned IMT Sohna is likely to become the next big industrial park as per the New Master Plan of Sohna. Just like the IMT Manesar, IMT Faridabad and IMT Rohtak.[22]

Schools[edit]

  • Government Senior Secondary School (Boys School)
  • Girl School (Near sohna municipality)
  • Rashtriya Adarsh Vidyalaya
  • Vega Schools
  • KR Mangalam
  • Euro Kids
  • Pathways World School
  • GD Goenka World School
  • Ryan International School
  • MatriKIran Preschool
  • Shiv Public Sr. Sec. School
  • Jindal Public School

There are municipal schools also in Sohna to raise the standard of those children who are not that much financially strong to pay for education.These schools have very good government teacher faculty.These school provide brunch to the students free of cost.these school provide a very good base for children to raise their name in the whole world.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.distancesbetween.com/distance-between/distance-from-sohna-to-gurgaon/10317/r3/
  2. ^ "Sohna( South Gurgaon) PinCode". citypincode.in. Retrieved 2014-03-09. 
  3. ^ http://www.elections.in/haryana/
  4. ^ delhi - A Weekend getaway around Delhi
  5. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  6. ^ http://haryanaassembly.gov.in/MLADetails.aspx?MLAID=768
  7. ^ http://www.tribuneindia.com/2000/20000218/haryana.htm#2
  8. ^ "Ground realty of Sohna Road". The Times Of India. 19 January 2011. 
  9. ^ "Sohna Road design faulty, not in tune with traffic load: CRRI - The Times of India". The Times Of India. 
  10. ^ http://www.hindustantimes.com/India-news/Haryana/Huda-begins-drain-work-ahead-of-rainy-days/Article1-803922.aspx
  11. ^ "Monsoon brings drying Damdama Lake back to life". The Times of India. Sep 27, 2010. 
  12. ^ Haryana Tourism - Barbet Resort
  13. ^ Archive gallery pictures of unifished fort of Sohna
  14. ^ Sohna Old Hill Fort
  15. ^ a b c d e Encyclopaedia of Tourism Resources in India by Manohar Sajnani, Volume 1, page-98
  16. ^ a b Hindu Temples: What Happened to Them - authored by Shourie, Narain; Dubashi, Swarup and Ram Goel
  17. ^ Mewat heritage walk
  18. ^ a b Times of India: decaying Shah Nazam al Haq tomb
  19. ^ http://www.webindia123.com/city/haryana/gurgoan/touristspots.htm?cat=Tourism-%20Places%20of%20Interest
  20. ^ http://www.newprojectssohna.com/sohna-master-plan.html
  21. ^ http://www.sohnamasterplan.com/
  22. ^ "All is not well with final Sohna master plan draft - The Times of India". The Times Of India. 
  23. ^ http://www.moneycontrol.com/news/business/parsvnath-to-build-township-at-gurgaon-sohna-rd_988080.html?utm_source=ref_article
  24. ^ http://www.chddevelopers.com/
  25. ^ http://www.rahejabuilders.com/pr-sohna.asp
  26. ^ http://www.newprojectssohna.com/
  27. ^ http://www.genxdeals.com/SohnaProjects.aspx
  28. ^ http://www.onecity.in/onefarms_sohna.html
  29. ^ http://www.supertechhilltown.properties /