Sokna language

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Sokna
Sawknah
Native to Libya
Region Fezzan
Extinct (date missing)[1]
Dialects
Sokna
Fezzan (Foqaha)
Language codes
ISO 639-3 swn
Glottolog sawk1238[2]

Sokna or Sawknah was a Berber language spoken in the town of Sokna (Isuknan) and the village of Fuqaha in northeastern Fezzan in Libya.

According to Václav Blažek (1999), Sokna language was also spoken in the oasis of Tmessa.[3]

The most extensive and recent materials on it are Sarnelli (1924)[4] for Sokna and Paradisi (1963)[5] for El-Fogaha. Both articles report that the language was spoken only by a handful of old people at the time, so it is generally presumed to be extinct.

Aikhenvald & Militarev (1984) and Blench (2006) consider Sokna and Fezzan to be separate languages. Blench lists Tmessa and Al-Foqaha as dialects of Fezzan.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sokna at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Sawknah". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ Václav Blažek, "Numerals: Comparative-etymological Analyses of Numeral Systems and Their Implications : Saharan, Nubian, Egyptian, Berber, Kartvelian, Uralic, Altaic and Indo-European Languages", in: Filozofická Fakulta: Opera Universitatis Masarykianae vol. 332, p. 57, Facultas Philosophica - Masarykova Univerzita Brno, 1999 (ISBN:9788021020702)
  4. ^ Sarnelli, Tommaso. 1924. "Il dialetto berbero di Sokna: Materiali lessicali, testi manoscritti in caratteri arabi, con trascrizione e traduzione", in Supplemento all'Africa Italiana.
  5. ^ Paradisi, Umberto. 1963. "Il linguaggio berbero di El-Fogaha (Fezzan)". Istituto Orientale di Napoli XIII. 93-126.