Location of Sokolac within Bosnia and Herzegovina
|Country||Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|• Mayor||Milovan Bjelica (SDS)|
|• Total||693,45 km2 (26,774 sq mi)|
|Population (2013 census)|
|• Density||18,2/km2 (470/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
For many years, agriculture has been an important part of Sokolac. For most inhabitants, agriculture is not only a way to make a living, but also a family tradition. Sokolac used to be known for its high quality potato; until recently, potato chip manufacturing was a promising industry for the region. Livestock production is the second largest agricultural industry in the community. The area surrounding Sokolac is well known for its quality grasslands, due to the foggy, moist conditions that keep the grass green for much of the year and make it well suited for grazing dairy, cattle and sheep. Beef, cattle and mutton/lamb is the second largest export of the community. Although Sokolac has a small dairy factory, the milk market production is very small. Sokolac is surrounded by high quality woodlands, which have been largely cut down in last ten years. Although this industry generates the most revenue for the community, only a small percentage of people work in that industry. Sokolac is an important intersection for regional transport routes.
Sokolac has large forest complex. The municipality possesses 38,013 hectares of forest. 94.76% of it is state-owned forest whilst 5.24% is private property. This gives Sokolac a total timber supply of up to 8,482,000 cubic meters.
- Agricultural land (32,834 hectares): meadows and pastures (28,232 hectares) and fields and orchards (4,602 hectares).
- Energy sector: investment opportunity for the production of electric and thermal energy based on biomass and the construction of the micro-hydro power plants on the Bioštica and Kaljina rivers.
- Tourism: good strategic and geographical location, great natural resources, sports facilities, religious facilities, archaeological sites, the completely preserved environment and local cuisine.
- Serbs — 11,006 (64.53%)
- Bosniaks — 5,790 (33.95%)
- Croats — 128 (0.75%)
- Yugoslavs — 23 (0.13%)
- others — 106 (0.64%)
In 1991, the population of the Sokolac municipality numbered 14,833 people, including:
- 10,181 Serbs (68.64%)
- 4,486 Bosniaks (30.24%)
- 84 Yugoslavs
- 22 Croats
- 60 others
The following links can be found regarding the municipality Sokolac: Interview with Milovan Bjelica, the Mayor of Sokolac
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