Sol Linowitz

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Sol Myron Linowitz (December 7, 1913 – March 18, 2005) was an American diplomat, lawyer,[1] and businessman.

Early life[edit]

Linowitz was born to a Jewish family[2] in Trenton, NJ.[3] He was a graduate of Trenton Central High School, Hamilton College class of 1935 and Cornell Law School class of 1938, where he served as a trustee.


In the 1960s, Linowitz served as the chair of the Xerox Corporation.

Linowitz helped negotiate the return of the Panama Canal to Panama under the direction of President Jimmy Carter. In 1964, Linowitz joined David Rockefeller to launch the International Executive Service Corps, which was established to help bring about prosperity and stability in developing nations through the growth of private enterprise.[3] Besides being a career diplomat, lawyer, and one time chairman of Xerox, he wrote two books, The Making of a Public Man: A Memoir, and The Betrayed Profession.

From 1974 to 1978, Linowitz was head of the Federal City Council, a group of business, civic, education, and other leaders interested in economic development in Washington, D.C.[4]

On November 6, 1979, the Carter administration announced Linowitz would replace Robert S. Strauss as Special Representative for Middle East Peace Negotiations (the Palestinian autonomy talks). On December 4, the Senate Foreign Relations Committee approved his appointment.[5]

In 1983, he received the Golden Plate Award of the American Academy of Achievement.[6][7]

He was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1998 by President Bill Clinton.[8]


  1. ^ Legends in the Law: Sol Linowitz.
  2. ^ Silbiger, Steve (May 25, 2000). The Jewish Phenomenon: Seven Keys to the Enduring Wealth of a People. Taylor Trade Publishing. p. 191. ISBN 9781589794900.
  3. ^ a b Holley, Joe (March 18, 2005). "Former Diplomat Sol Linowitz, 91, Dies". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 3, 2013.
  4. ^ Whitaker, Joseph D. (September 30, 1975). "New Housing Called Prime Need in D.C.". The Washington Post. p. C1; Lynton, Stephen J. (September 26, 1978). "Former OMB Chief Is Named Federal City Council Head". The Washington Post. p. B3.
  5. ^ "310. Memorandum From Robert Hunter of the National Security Council Staff to the President's Special Representative for Middle East Peace Negotiations-Designate (Linowitz)". Foreign Relations of the United States. November 14, 1979. Retrieved March 14, 2022.
  6. ^ "Golden Plate Awardees of the American Academy of Achievement". American Academy of Achievement.
  7. ^ "Glenn T. Seaborg Biography Photo". 1991. Three members of the American Academy of Achievement during the 1991 “Salute to Excellence” luncheon at the United Nations in New York City: Dr. Glenn T. Seaborg, Ambassador Sol M. Linowitz and Walter H. Shorenstein.
  8. ^ Lewis, Neil A. (March 19, 2005). "Sol M. Linowitz Dies at 91; Businessman and Diplomat". The New York Times. Retrieved February 4, 2020.

External links[edit]

Business positions
Preceded by
Harold S. Kuhns
Chairman of Xerox Corporation
April 18, 1961–1966
Succeeded by