Solano, Nueva Vizcaya

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Municipality of Solano
Solano,NuevaVizcayajf0299 16.JPG
Official seal of Solano
Commercial center of Nueva Vizcaya
Map of Nueva Vizcaya with Solano highlighted
Map of Nueva Vizcaya with Solano highlighted
Solano is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 16°31′26″N 121°11′31″E / 16.5239°N 121.1919°E / 16.5239; 121.1919Coordinates: 16°31′26″N 121°11′31″E / 16.5239°N 121.1919°E / 16.5239; 121.1919
Country Philippines
RegionCagayan Valley (Region II)
ProvinceNueva Vizcaya
DistrictLone district
FoundedOctober 7, 1741
Barangays22 (see Barangays)
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorEufemia Dacayo
 • Electorate35,000 voters (2016)
 • Total139.80 km2 (53.98 sq mi)
(2015 census)[3]
 • Total59,517
 • Density430/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
IDD:area code+63 (0)78
Climate typeTropical rainforest climate
Income class1st municipal income class
Revenue (₱)205,937,426.16 (2016)
Native languagesGaddang

Solano, officially the Municipality of Solano, is a 1st class municipality in the province of Nueva Vizcaya, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 59,517 people.[3]

It is the main commercial and financial center of Nueva Vizcaya. It also has the most number of fast food restaurants in the province, including Jollibee, Greenwich Pizza, McDonald's, KFC, Chowking, Mang Inasal, Red Ribbon, Goldilocks and more. Solano has the most number of banks among the municipalities in the entire region with 25 banks. Major banks such as Metrobank, Banco de Oro, Bank of the Philippine Islands, Philippine National Bank, Landbank, Rizal Commercial Banking Corporation, China Bank as well as rural and regional banks are based here.

According to the 2016 Cities and Municipalities Competitiveness Index conducted by the National Competitiveness Council, Solano took the 25th spot overall and ranked 30 among the first class and second class municipalities in the Philippines. This further solidified the status of Solano as the undisputed premier town of Cagayan Valley.

Solano, being the premier town in Nueva Vizcaya and the fastest-growing municipality in the region, is slated to become Cagayan Valley Region's 5th City after Tuguegarao, Santiago, Cauayan, and Ilagan.


Solano is politically subdivided into 22 barangays.

  • Aggub
  • Bagahabag
  • Bangaan
  • Bangar
  • Bascaran
  • Communal
  • Concepcion (Calalabangan)
  • Curifang (Sinafal)
  • Dadap
  • Lactawan
  • Osmeña (Urban)


In 1760, the original name of the town was Bintauan. Its pioneer settlers were the Gaddang tribe. The municipality was founded in 1767 by Father Alejandro Vidal, a Dominican priest who led a Spanish mission. In 1768, it was called "Lungabang", which means "cave" in the Gaddang dialect. The name was later changed to "Lumabang" by the Spaniards for convenience. In 1851, Governor General Antonio Urbiztondo declared Lumabang a barrio of Bayombong for not having sufficient inhabitants and revenue to maintain itself. Governor General Ramon Solano y Llanderal authorized the separation of Lumabang as barrio from Bayombong. In 1853, the first Ilocanos arrived brought by Don Diego Lumicao, former Gobernadorcillo. In 1889, it was renamed Solano, in honor of Governor General Ramon Solano y Llanderal. The town was planned by Father Juan Villaverde. The poblacion, as designed, consisted of 14 parallel wide streets, each having a width of 20 meters. The streets run from north to south and east to west forming 100 square blocks with an aggregate area of one hectare per block. Solano was the largest municipality in the province until two of its barangays, Caliat and Bintawan, were segregated to become the municipalities of Quezon and Villaverde respectively. The land area of Solano was correspondingly reduced to 13,980 hectares. In 1957, the barrios of Ibung and Bintawan were separated to form the town of Ibung,[4] later renamed as Villaverde.


Population census of Solano
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 5,624—    
1918 7,563+1.99%
1939 17,878+4.18%
1948 19,840+1.16%
1960 22,523+1.06%
1970 27,032+1.84%
1975 33,036+4.10%
1980 36,710+2.13%
1990 44,246+1.89%
1995 46,945+1.12%
2000 52,391+2.38%
2007 56,244+0.98%
2010 56,134−0.07%
2015 59,517+1.12%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][5][6][7]

Local government[edit]

Solano Municipal Hall


Under the Spanish regime, the "Gobernadorcillo" commonly called Municipal Mayor, Captain, Petty Governor was a native and elected annually. The election was made by the Cabezas de Barrangay - Heads of Barangay - which represented the survival of the earlier tribal organizations and were responsible for the tributes of their groups. The Heads were originally hereditary, but, in time, it became elective. The electors of the Gobernadorcillo were current or former heads of the Barrangay and after 3 years of service became eligible for the office of Petty Governor.

The following list shows the Gobernadorcillos, who had the honorary title "Don", during the Spanish regime from 1762-1898.[8]

The following served as capitanes del pueblo:

  • 1762 Capitan Del Pueblo Gatan
  • 1763 Capitan Del Pueblo Alianggang
  • 1764 Capitan Del Pueblo Danao Baccajan
  • 1765 Capitan Del Pueblo Alianggang
  • 1766 Capitan Del Pueblo Tomas Abbacan
  • 1767 Capitan Del Pueblo Felix Cadangan Sr.
  • 1768 Capitan Del Pueblo Antonio Binaley
  • 1769 Capitan Del Pueblo Sebastian Telan
  • 1770 Capitan Del Pueblo Domingo Buseg
  • 1771 Capitan Del Pueblo Luis Abbacan
  • 1772 Capitan Del Pueblo Mateo Guiguing
  • 1773 Capitan Del Pueblo Domingo Buseg
  • 1774 Capitan Del Pueblo Vicente Labog
  • 1775 Capitan Del Pueblo Bartolome Bengao
  • 1776 Capitan Del Pueblo Bartolome Bengao
  • 1777 Capitan Del Pueblo Luis Abbacan
  • 1778 Capitan Del Pueblo Santiago Dumelod

The next three years, the town head was to be known gobernadorcillo, and the use of capitan del pueblo was stopped.

  • 1779 Gobernadorcillo Antonio Dayag
  • 1780 Gobernadorcillo Vicente Labog
  • 1781 Gobernadorcillo Francisco Busa

The following served as alcaldes de naturales:

  • 1782 Alcalde De Naturales Manuel Balassu
  • 1783 Alcalde De Naturales Pedro Arasa
  • 1784 Alcalde De Naturales Tomas Abbacan
  • 1785 Alcalde De Naturales Clemente Malenab
  • 1786 Alcalde De Naturales Tomas Lauagan
  • 1787 Alcalde De Naturales Domingo Dumelod
  • 1788 Alcalde De Naturales Santiago Agguid

On April 19, 1789, the alcalde mayor [of Cagayan] conveyed to the people the decree issued by the King of Spain ordering the restoration of the title gobernadorcillo.

  • 1789 Gobernadorcillo Pablo Saquing
  • 1790 Gobernadorcillo Domingo Panganiban
  • 1791 Gobernadorcillo Domingo Panganiban
  • 1792 Gobernadorcillo Domingo Dumelod
  • 1793 Gobernadorcillo Francisco Furuc Binaley
  • 1794 Gobernadorcillo Domingo Panganiban
  • 1795 Gobernadorcillo Vicente Labog
  • 1796 Gobernadorcillo Domingo Panganiban
  • 1797 Gobernadorcillo Raymundo Dinahum
  • 1798 Gobernadorcillo Vicente Pisang
  • 1799 Gobernadorcillo Domingo Panganiban
  • 1800 Gobernadorcillo Franciso Furuc Binaley
  • 1801 Gobernadorcillo Miguel Loggan
  • 1802 Gobernadorcillo Raymundo Dinahum
  • 1803 Gobernadorcillo Alberto Danguilan
  • 1804 Gobernadorcillo Miguel Mamuric
  • 1805 Gobernadorcillo Domingo Panganiban
  • 1806 Gobernadorcillo Jacinto Balauag
  • 1807 Gobernadorcillo Miguel Loggan
  • 1808 Gobernadorcillo Raymundo Dinahum
  • 1809 Gobernadorcillo Jacinto Balauag
  • 1810 Gobernadorcillo Vicente Pisang
  • 1811 Gobernadorcillo Jacinto Balauag
  • 1812 Gobernadorcillo Martin Lumicao
  • 1813 Gobernadorcillo Nicholas Alindayu
  • 1814 Gobernadorcillo Simon Danguilan
  • 1815 Gobernadorcillo Clemente Danguilan
  • 1816 Gobernadorcillo Antonio Danguilan
  • 1817 Gobernadorcillo Simon Danguilan
  • 1818 Gobernadorcillo Felipe Paracad
  • 1819 Gobernadorcillo Miguel Loggan
  • 1820 Gobernadorcillo Alejandro Cumiding
  • 1821 Gobernadorcillo Raymundo Dinahum
  • 1822 Gobernadorcillo Jose Pisang
  • 1823 Gobernadorcillo Antonio Danguilan
  • 1824 Gobernadorcillo Martin Lumicao
  • 1825 Gobernadorcillo Vicente Loggan
  • 1826 Gobernadorcillo Manuel Siggacao
  • 1827 Gobernadorcillo Martin Lumicao
  • 1828 Gobernadorcillo Jose Pisang
  • 1829 Gobernadorcillo Juan Guiab
  • 1830 Gobernadorcillo Miguel Panganiban
  • 1831 Gobernadorcillo Domingo Dinahum
  • 1832 Gobernadorcillo Clemente Danguilan
  • 1833 Gobernadorcillo Jose Pisang
  • 1834 Gobernadorcillo Jacinto Balauag
  • 1835 Gobernadorcillo Vicente Loggan
  • 1836 Gobernadorcillo Domingo Dinahum
  • 1837 Gobernadorcillo Clemente Danguilan
  • 1838 Gobernadorcillo Miguel Panganiban
  • 1839 Gobernadorcillo Ambrosio Loggan
  • 1840 Gobernadorcillo Enrique Balauag
  • 1841 Gobernadorcillo Dionisio Piggangay
  • 1842 Gobernadorcillo Clemente Danguilan
  • 1843 Gobernadorcillo Jose Pisang
  • 1844 Gobernadorcillo Justo Danguilan
  • 1845 Gobernadorcillo Domingo Dinahum
  • 1846 Gobernadorcillo Ambrosio Loggan
  • 1847 Gobernadorcillo Pedro Panganiban
  • 1848 Gobernadorcillo Diego Lumicao
  • 1849 Gobernadorcillo Enrique Balauag
  • 1850 Gobernadorcillo Pedro Panganiban

By executive order of 1851, Governor-General Antonio Urbiztondo, Marquez de la Solana, declared Lumabang to become a barrio of Bayombong resulting in the office of gobernadorcillo (Bayombong) and teniente del barrio (of Solano/Lumabang).

  • 1850 Teniente Del Barrio Pedro Panganiban
  • 1851 Gobernadorcillo Domingo Bacani
  • 1851 Teniente Del Barrio Manuel Cutaran
  • 1852 Gobernadorcillo Pantaleon Rivera
  • 1852 Teniente Del Barrio Manuel Cutaran
  • 1853 Gobernadorcillo Justo Danguilan
  • 1853 Teniente Del Barrio Francisco Panganiban
  • 1854 Gobernadorcillo Juan Sanchez
  • 1854 Teniente Del Barrio Felix Cadangan Jr.
  • 1855 Gobernadorcillo Ambrosio Loggan
  • 1855 Teniente Del Barrio Florentino Valenciano
  • 1856 Gobernadorcillo Jacinto Bacani
  • 1856 Teniente Del Barrio Ambrosio Loggan

It was during this time when a new province, Isabela, was created, carving a portion of Nueva Vizcaya and a part of Cagayan. The new province was named in honor of Queen Isabela of Spain. The Governor of Nueva Vizcaya was Julian del Valle. The alcalde mayor of Cagayan came here for the purpose of this reorganization.

  • 1857 Gobernadorcillo Panteleon Rivera
  • 1857 Teniente Del Barrio Venido Loggan
  • 1858 Gobernadorcillo Manuel Cutaran
  • 1858 Teniente Del Barrio Domingo Esguerra
  • 1859 Gobernadorcillo Vicente Saquing
  • 1859 Teniente Del Barrio Miguel Dumelod
  • 1860 Gobernadorcillo Tocuato Maddela
  • 1860 Teniente Del Barrio Miguel Loggan

General Ramon Solano y Llanderal authorized the separation of Lumabang as a barrio from Bayombong restoring the title of gobernadorcillo to Solano/Lumabang

  • 1860 Gobernadorcillo Miguel Loggan
  • 1861 Gobernadorcillo Pedro Panganiban
  • 1862 Gobernadorcillo Enrique Balauag
  • 1863 Gobernadorcillo Venido Loggan

There was a new order at this time to increase the term of a gobernadorcillo from one year to two years.

  • 1864-65 Gobernadorcillo Francisco Panganiban
  • 1866-67 Gobernadorcillo Vicente Saquing
  • 1868-69 Gobernadorcillo Santiago Ludan
  • 1870-71 Gobernadorcillo Miguel Loggan
  • 1872-73 Gobernadorcillo Francisco Panganiban
  • 1874-75 Gobernadorcillo Vicente Loggan
  • 1876-77 Gobernadorcillo Vicente Danguilan
  • 1878-79 Gobernadorcillo Francisco Panganiban
  • 1880-81 Gobernadorcillo Vicente Loggan
  • 1882-83 Gobernadorcillo Jacinto Loggan
  • 1884-85 Gobernadorcillo Francisco Binaley (died 3/28/1884)
  • 1884-85 Gobernadorcillo Antonio Dumelod
  • 1886-87 Gobernadorcillo Domingo Panganiban
  • 1888-89 Gobernadorcillo Domingo Ludan

In 1890, the establishment of the office of the justice of the peace was inaugurated in all the towns, and the first to assume this office in Solano was Domingo Panganiban who was in turn succeed by Juan Sobrino, a Spaniard. who was succeeded by Sebastian Panganiban. who was then succeed by Domingo Panganiban who held this office til 1898.

  • 1890 Justice of the Peace Domingo Panganiban
  • 1890 Justice of the Peace Juan Sobrino, a Spaniard
  • 1890 Justice of the Peace Sebastian Panganiban
  • 1890-98 Justice of the Peace Domingo Panganiban
  • 1890-91 Gobernadorcillo Antonio Dumelod
  • 1892-93 Gobernadorcillo Domingo Loggan who was replaced by Fernando Aggabao
  • 1894-95 Gobernadorcillo Sebastian Panganiban

It was during this time when the Royal Decree of the Central Government came stopping the use of the title gobernadorcillo and in its stead capitan municipal was to be used.

  • 1896-97 Capitan Municipal Sebastian Panganiban

The government of Spain ended on September 14, 1898

  • 1898- Teniente Mayor Felipe Lumicao

Culture and Tourism[edit]


  • Hero's Park and Rizal park (at the back of Cannon Relic)
  • Children's Park
  • Tennis Court
  • Solano Museum (SLS Compound)
  • Ricanitas Cafe and Book store
  • PLT Wellness and Resort
  • Highlander Resort, Fastfood and Hotel
  • Uddiawan - Communal Falls
  • Balai Gloria Garden Resort
  • World War II Cannon Relic
  • Giant Butaka (in front of the St. Louis Beltran Church)
  • St. Louis Beltran Church
  • Bell Tower and Poong Itim Na Nazareno Shrine also called Quiapo of the North (Beside the Roman Catholic Church)
  • Municipal Hall and garden
  • Governors Hotel


  • The town's Pagbiagan Festival is celebrated every year of October 11. It coincides with Solano's Founding Anniversary, as well as the feast day of the town's patron Saint Louis Beltran.


AM Stations[edit]

  • DWMG 819 kHz (Vanguard Radio Network)
  • DWVO 1449 kHz (Regional Broadcasting Corporation) Soon

FM Stations[edit]

  • DWDC 101.3 Big Sound FM (Vanguard Radio Network)
  • DWYO 105.7 (National Broadcasting System) Soon


University/College/Vocational School

  • Aldersgate College
  • Solano Institute of Technology
  • Nueva Vizcaya Caregiver Academy
  • Niño Jesus de Praga Learning, Inc.[9]
  • Cagayan Valley Maritime Studies, Inc.
  • Fuzeko Polytechnic College
  • Kids Workshop Learning Center
  • Isaiah Christian Academy

High School

  • Aldersgate College - High School Department
  • Solano High School
  • Saint Louis School - High School Department
  • Dalton High School
  • Uddiawan National High School
  • Bascaran National High School


  • Solano East Central School
  • Solano South Central School
  • Solano North Elementary School
  • Solano West Elementary School
  • Aggub Elementary School
  • Bangaan Elementary School
  • Bangar Elementary School
  • Bascaran Central School
  • Concepcion Elementary School
  • Curifang Elementary School
  • Dadap Elementary School
  • Lactawan Elementary School
  • San Juan Elementary School
  • San Luis Elementary School
  • Tucal Elementary School
  • Uddiawan Elementary School
  • Wacal Elementary School
  • Bagahabag Elementary School
  • Pilar D. Galima Elementary School
  • Saint Louis School - Elementary Department
  • Aldersgate College - Elementary Department

Sister City/Municipality[edit]



  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  2. ^ "Province: Nueva Vizcaya". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c Census of Population (2015). "Region II (Cagayan Valley)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ "An Act Creating the Municipality of Ibung, Province of Nueva Vizcaya". Retrieved 2011-04-13.
  5. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region II (Cagayan Valley)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  6. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region II (Cagayan Valley)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  7. ^ "Province of Nueva Vizcaya". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  8. ^ Journals of Northern Luzon, St. Mary's University, Bayombong, 1972, pages 97–105
  9. ^ "Security Check Required". Retrieved 2016-02-22.


  • Did you know that the Gobernadorcillo of Solano during Jose Rizal's birth and death are both Panganibans? [Gobernadorcillo Pedro and then Capitan Municipal Sebastian.]

External links[edit]