Solanum abutiloides

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Solanum abutiloides
Solanum abutiloides - Blossoms and leaves.JPG
Blossoms and leaves
Solanum abutiloides - Ripe fruits.JPG
Ripe fruits
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Solanales
Family: Solanaceae
Genus: Solanum
Species: S. abutiloides
Binomial name
Solanum abutiloides
(Griseb.) Bitter & Lillo[1]

Solanum abutiloides is a species of plant in the Solanaceae family. It is endemic to Argentina and Bolivia, and thrives as a weedy plant in rocky land, on stream banks, and scrub land between 900-3600 meters in elevation. It is also known as dwarf tamarillo, due to superficial similarities with Solanum betaceum. Both plants are noted for very rapid growth from seed, and very strongly fragrant foliage. Solanum abutiloides is also sometimes known by the archaic Cyphomandra sibundoyensis.

Solanum abutiloides quickly matures into a shrub or small tree up to 9 m tall, though usually far smaller. Small flowers form on branches throughout the plant, and individual clusters of flowers can contain as many as 60 blooms.

Blooms are followed by fruits - a small oblong berry that ripens to a yellow-orange color. The berries are around 1 cm (or slightly larger) in diameter. When unripe, the berries are mildly toxic (as are tamarillos), though they are edible upon ripening.

Uses[edit]

The fruits are edible, though Solanum abutiloides is rare in cultivation and plants have not been bred for quality of flavor. Therefore, the fruit can often have an unpredictable or unpleasant flavor, and Solanum abutiloides is most often cultivated as an ornamental plant, as the clusters of ripe fruit are very decorative.

As is common with solanaceae, pests like aphids, spider mites, and white flies are attracted to the trees.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bitter 1913, pp. 136–137.