Solanum incanum

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Solanum incanum
Solanum incanum 002.JPG
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Solanales
Family: Solanaceae
Genus: Solanum
Subgenus: Leptostemonum
Section: Melongena
Species: S. incanum
Binomial name
Solanum incanum
L., 1753[1]
  • Solanum bojeri Dunal
  • Solanum sanctum L.

Solanum incanum is a species of nightshade that is native to Sub-Saharan Africa and the Middle East, eastwards to India. Common names include thorn apple, bitter apple,[1] bitterball [3] and bitter tomato [4][5] It may be confused with the similar S. linnaeanum where their ranges overlap in Africa. In ancient India, Solanum incanum was domesticated into the eggplant, Solanum melongena.[6][7][8] In biblical literature, it is sometimes used as a "hedge of thorns" (Hebrew: מְשֻׂכַת חָדֶק‎).[9]


  1. ^ a b "Solanum incanum L.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2006-01-14. Retrieved 2010-01-12. 
  2. ^ "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". Retrieved 20 November 2014. 
  3. ^ Abstracts on Tropical Agriculture. January 1990. p. 57. 
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^ Tsao and Lo in "Vegetables: Types and Biology". Handbook of Food Science, Technology, and Engineering by Yiu H. Hui (2006). CRC Press. ISBN 1-57444-551-0.
  7. ^ Doijode, S. D. (2001). Seed storage of horticultural crops (pp 157). Haworth Press: ISBN 1-56022-901-2
  8. ^ Ancestor of brinjal Solanum incanum
  9. ^ Proverbs 15:19

External links[edit]

Media related to Solanum incanum at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Solanum incanum at Wikispecies