Solar cycle 1

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Solar cycle 1
Sunspot data
Start dateFebruary 1755
End dateJune 1766
Duration (years)11.3
Max count144.1
Max count monthJune 1761
Min count14.0
Cycle chronology
Next cycleSolar cycle 2 (1766–1775)
Johann Rudolf Wolf defined the list of numbered solar cycles.

Solar cycle 1 was the first solar cycle since extensive recording of solar sunspot activity began.[1][2] The solar cycle lasted 11.3 years, beginning in February 1755 and ending in June 1766. The maximum smoothed sunspot number observed during the solar cycle was 144.1 (June 1761), and the starting minimum was 14.0.[3]

Solar cycle 1 was discovered by Johann Rudolph Wolf who, inspired by the discovery of the solar cycle by Heinrich Schwabe in 1843, collected all available sunspot observations going back to the first telescopic observations by Galileo. He was able to improve Schwabe's estimate of the mean length of the cycle from about a decade to 11.11 years.[4] However, he could not find enough observations before 1755 to reliably identify cycles, hence the 1755–1766 cycle is conventionally numbered as cycle 1. Wolf published his results in 1852.[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Kane, R.P. (2002). "Some Implications Using the Group Sunspot Number Reconstruction". Solar Physics. 205 (2): 383–401. Bibcode:2002SoPh..205..383K. doi:10.1023/A:1014296529097. S2CID 118144552.
  2. ^ "The Sun: Did You Say the Sun Has Spots?". Space Today Online. Retrieved 12 August 2010.
  3. ^ "SIDC Monthly Smoothed Sunspot Number".
  4. ^ Clark, Stuart G. (2007). The Sun Kings. Princeton University Press. p. 73. ISBN 978-0691126609.
  5. ^ Letellier, Christophe (2013). Chaos in Nature. World Scientific. pp. 344–346. ISBN 978-9814374422.