Solar eclipse of April 17, 1912
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|Solar eclipse of April 17, 1912|
|Type of eclipse|
|Duration||2 sec (0 m 2 s)|
|Max. width of band||1 km (0.62 mi)|
|Saros||137 (30 of 70)|
|Catalog # (SE5000)||9308|
A total solar eclipse occurred on April 17, 1912. It is a hybrid event, starting and ending as an annular eclipse, with only a small portion of totality. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. A total solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is larger than the Sun's, blocking all direct sunlight, turning day into darkness. Totality occurs in a narrow path across Earth's surface, with the partial solar eclipse visible over a surrounding region thousands of kilometres wide. Annularity was first visible from southeastern tip of Venezuela, northern tip of Brazil, British Guyana (today's Guyana), Dutch Guiana (today's Suriname) and Porto Santo Island in Madeira, Portugal, then totality from Portugal and Spain, with annularity continued northeast across France (including northwestern suburbs of Paris), Belgium, Netherlands, Germany and Russian Empire (the parts now belonging to northern Latvia, southern Estonia and Russia).
The Observatory of Paris had the Globule balloon aloft for the 17 April 1912 hybrid eclipse, reported by Camille Flammarion.
The Le Petit Journal cover, on 1912 April 21, shows eclipse watchers in 1912 along with the solar eclipse of May 22, 1724, the previous total solar eclipse visible from Paris, France
The 1 May 1912 edition of the luso-Brazilian Brasil-Portugal magazine publishes photographs of the eclipse, as it was seen in Lisbon. A brief editorial says: "One can tell, on that moment, the mathematical regularity that presides over everything that goes on above and the considerable achievements that the oldest of sciences — Astronomy — has been meeting. While some, strong spirits, point out the fact and point out how precise are scientific calculi, the others, believers, consider that what we can grasp is still too little and, not being able to conceive a Creation without a Creator, pay homage to science but continue to kneel before God. The reader can judge the interest that the phenomenon sparked among us by himself though the photographs that follow, where one can see it all; the wise and the godless, the noble and the commoners, women and men, everyone paid no attention to earthly matters and, for a moment, observed with better or worse instruments what was going on up above. It was even a momentaneous rest for politics."
Solar eclipses 1910–1913
|Solar eclipse series sets from 1910-1913|
|Ascending node||Descending node|
|117||May 9, 1910
|122||November 2, 1910
|127||April 28, 1911
|132||October 22, 1911
|137||April 17, 1912
|142||October 10, 1912
|147||April 6, 1913
|152||September 30, 1913
- www.astronomeer.com: The "Titanic" eclipse of 17 April 1912 The last annular eclipse in the Netherlands was 17 April 1912, just two days after the Titanic hit an iceberg and sank.
-  Societe Astronomique, pp. 234–248, 1912 – By Camille Flammarion (Translation from French by LRM) p. 240 "A balloon dirigible, having on board Admiral Fournier and Colonel Bourgeois permitted good perception of the moon's shadow at a speed of 800 m/sec ... From a captive balloon near Saint-Nom-de-la-Breteche, Captain Dupic made analogous observations which confirmed those made from the dirigible." Archived May 30, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
-  17th April 1912: Eclipse fever grips Europe[dead link]
- Earth visibility chart and eclipse statistics Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, NASA/GSFC
- Photo of Solar Corona April 17, 1912
- Russia expedition for solar eclipse of April 17, 1912
- The Eclipse of April 17, 1912 as Visible in France Popular Astronomy, vol. 20, pp. 372–375, 
-  Flickr photo of eclipse watchers from France
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Solar eclipse of 1912 April 17.|