Solar eclipse of April 8, 1652

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Solar eclipse of April 8, 1652
SE1652Apr08T.png
Map
Type of eclipse
Nature Total
Gamma 0.7713
Magnitude 1.0412
Maximum eclipse
Duration 169 sec (2 m 49 s)
Coordinates 49°36′N 8°54′W / 49.6°N 8.9°W / 49.6; -8.9
Max. width of band 213 km (132 mi)
Times (UTC)
Greatest eclipse 10:22:28
References
Saros 133 (25 of 72)
Catalog # (SE5000) 8666

A total solar eclipse occurred on April 8, 1652. In contemporary British sources, the date is alternately listed as March 29, 1652 following the Old Style as Great Britain had not yet adopted of the Gregorian Calendar by that time.[1][2] 19th century authors further adjusted the date to March 24, 1652 so that it fell on a Monday.[3] A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. A total solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is larger than the Sun's, blocking all direct sunlight, turning day into darkness. Totality occurs in a narrow path across Earth's surface, with the partial solar eclipse visible over a surrounding region thousands of kilometres wide. The path of totality intersected the United Kingdom, as well as passing just off the west coast of Norway.

Observations[edit]

Observing the eclipse from Carrickfergus, Ireland, Dr. John Wybard wrote in Latin:

"Luna momento quasi, et eximproviso, totam se intra Disci Solis orbitam seu ambitum (quatenus conspectui nostro appareret) tam agiliter injiciebat; ut circumagere aut circumvolutare videretur, sicut catillus, seu lapis molaris superior; Sole tunc circum-circa, ejus limbum seu marginem splendidulo vel corusco, apparente.”
"The Moon, as if at that moment, and unexpectedly, threw itself so very nimbly between the entire path or circuit of the Sun’s disc (in so far as it appeared to our sight); so that it seemed to move in a circle or roll around, like a plate or upper mill-stone; with the Sun, glowing or rather shimmering, all around its rim or edge."[4][5]

Because this eclipse occurred on a Monday that day became popularly known as Mirk Monday.[6]

Related eclipses[edit]

It is a part of solar Saros 133.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Thulesius, Olav (1992). Nicholas Culpeper English Physician and Astrologer. New York: St. Martin's Press. p. 125. ISBN 978-0-230-37153-8. Retrieved July 20, 2017. 
  2. ^ Simpson, J.A.; Weiner, E.S.C. (1989). The Oxford English Dictionary. Oxford: Clarendon Press. p. 111. ISBN 0198612222. 
  3. ^ Barrington, D. (June 1818). "The Possibility of approaching the North Pole Asserted". The Edinburgh Review. 30 (59): 29. Retrieved 19 July 2017. 
  4. ^ Wing, Vincent. Astronomia instaurata, or, A new compendious restauration of astronomie in four parts...London : Printed by R. and W. Leybourn, for the Company of Stationers, MDCLVI. [1656]
  5. ^ Translation courtesy of the Folger Shakespeare Library's Early Modern Manuscripts Online paleographers.
  6. ^ Mairi Robinson (editor)Concise Scottish Dictionary, (1985), "mirk", p.416.

References[edit]