Solar eclipse of August 12, 2045

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Solar eclipse of August 12, 2045
SE2045Aug12T.png
Map
Type of eclipse
NatureTotal
Gamma0.2116
Magnitude1.0774
Maximum eclipse
Duration366 sec (6 m 6 s)
Coordinates25°54′N 78°30′W / 25.9°N 78.5°W / 25.9; -78.5
Max. width of band256 km (159 mi)
Times (UTC)
Greatest eclipse17:42:39
References
Saros136 (39 of 71)
Catalog # (SE5000)9608

A total solar eclipse will occur on Saturday, August 12, 2045, when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. A total solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is larger than the Sun's, blocking all direct sunlight, turning day into darkness. Totality occurs in a narrow path across Earth's surface, with the partial solar eclipse visible over a surrounding region thousands of kilometres wide.

In this total solar eclipse, the path of totality not exactly the same as August 21, 2017 total solar eclipse because the lunar node is descending and August 2017 solar eclipse is ascending.

It will be the fourth longest eclipse of the 21st century with a magnitude of 1.0774 occurring just one hour after perigee.[1] It will be visible throughout much of the continental United States, with a path of totality running through northern California, Nevada, Utah, Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Mississippi, Alabama, and Florida. The total eclipse will be greatest over the Bahamas, before continuing over the Turks and Caicos Islands, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Venezuela, Trinidad and Tobago, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, and Brazil.

The path of totality of this eclipse will be seen over many major cities, including Reno, Salt Lake City, Colorado Springs, Oklahoma City, Tulsa, Tampa, Orlando, Fort Lauderdale, Miami, Nassau, Santo Domingo, Belém, São Luís and Recife.[2] It will also be the second total eclipse visible from Little Rock in 21.3 years.[2] Totality will last for at least 6 minutes along the part of the path that starts at Camden, Alabama, crossing Florida and ending near the southernmost Bahama Islands. The longest duration of totality will be 6 minutes 5.5 seconds at 25°54.594′N 78°32.19′W / 25.909900°N 78.53650°W / 25.909900; -78.53650, which is over the Atlantic Ocean east of Fort Lauderdale and south of Freeport, Bahamas.[2]

The solar eclipse of August 21, 2017 had a very similar path of totality over the U.S., about 250 miles (400 km) to the northeast, also crossing the Pacific coast and Atlantic coast of the country. This is because when a solar eclipse crosses the U.S. in mid-August at an ascending node (i.e. moves from south to north during odd numbered saros), the path of the eclipse tracks from coast to coast. When a solar eclipse crosses the U.S. in mid-August at descending node (even numbered saros), the path tracks a large distance southward.[3]

Images[edit]

Solar eclipse aug12 2045 spaceview.gif
Animated path: Small dark circle represents umbra, much larger grey circle represents penumbra.

Related eclipses[edit]

Solar eclipses of 2044–2047[edit]

This eclipse is a member of a semester series. An eclipse in a semester series of solar eclipses repeats approximately every 177 days and 4 hours (a semester) at alternating nodes of the Moon's orbit.[4]

Solar eclipse series sets from 2044–2047
Ascending node   Descending node
121 February 28, 2044
SE2044Feb28A.png
Annular
126 August 23, 2044
SE2044Aug23T.png
Total
131 February 16, 2045
SE2045Feb16A.png
Annular
136 August 12, 2045
SE2045Aug12T.png
Total
141 February 5, 2046
SE2046Feb05A.png
Annular
146 August 2, 2046
SE2046Aug02T.png
Total
151 January 26, 2047
SE2047Jan26P.png
Partial
156 July 22, 2047
SE2047Jul22P.png
Partial
Partial solar eclipses on June 23, 2047 and December 16, 2047 occur on the next lunar year eclipse set.

Saros 136[edit]

Solar Saros 136, repeating every 18 years, 11 days, contains 71 events. The series started with partial solar eclipse on June 14, 1360, and reached a first annular eclipse on September 8, 1504. It was a hybrid event from November 22, 1612, through January 17, 1703, and total eclipses from January 27, 1721, through May 13, 2496. The series ends at member 71 as a partial eclipse on July 30, 2622, with the entire series lasting 1262 years. The longest eclipse occurred on June 20, 1955, with a maximum duration of totality at 7 minutes, 7.74 seconds. All eclipses in this series occurs at the Moon's descending node.[5]

Series members 29–43 occur between 1865 and 2117
29 30 31
SE1865Apr25T.gif
Apr 25, 1865
SE1883May06T.png
May 6, 1883
SE1901May18T.png
May 18, 1901
32 33 34
SE1919May29T.png
May 29, 1919
SE1937Jun08T.png
Jun 8, 1937
SE1955Jun20T.png
Jun 20, 1955
35 36 37
SE1973Jun30T.png
Jun 30, 1973
SE1991Jul11T.png
Jul 11, 1991
SE2009Jul22T.png
Jul 22, 2009
38 39 40
SE2027Aug02T.png
Aug 2, 2027
SE2045Aug12T.png
Aug 12, 2045
SE2063Aug24T.png
Aug 24, 2063
41 42 43
SE2081Sep03T.png
Sep 3, 2081
SE2099Sep14T.png
Sep 14, 2099
SE2117Sep26T.png
Sep 26, 2117

Tritos series[edit]

This eclipse is a part of a tritos cycle, repeating at alternating nodes every 135 synodic months (≈ 3986.63 days, or 11 years minus 1 month). Their appearance and longitude are irregular due to a lack of synchronization with the anomalistic month (period of perigee), but groupings of 3 tritos cycles (≈ 33 years minus 3 months) come close (≈ 434.044 anomalistic months), so eclipses are similar in these groupings.

Metonic series[edit]

The metonic series repeats eclipses every 19 years (6939.69 days), lasting about 5 cycles. Eclipses occur in nearly the same calendar date. In addition, the octon subseries repeats 1/5 of that or every 3.8 years (1387.94 days). All eclipses in this table occur at the Moon's descending node.

21 eclipse events between June 1, 2011 and June 1, 2087
May 31 – June 1 March 19–20 January 5–6 October 24–25 August 12–13
118 120 122 124 126
SE2011Jun01P.png
June 1, 2011
SE2015Mar20T.png
March 20, 2015
SE2019Jan06P.png
January 6, 2019
SE2022Oct25P.png
October 25, 2022
SE2026Aug12T.png
August 12, 2026
128 130 132 134 136
SE2030Jun01A.png
June 1, 2030
SE2034Mar20T.png
March 20, 2034
SE2038Jan05A.png
January 5, 2038
SE2041Oct25A.png
October 25, 2041
SE2045Aug12T.png
August 12, 2045
138 140 142 144 146
SE2049May31A.png
May 31, 2049
SE2053Mar20A.png
March 20, 2053
SE2057Jan05T.png
January 5, 2057
SE2060Oct24A.png
October 24, 2060
SE2064Aug12T.png
August 12, 2064
148 150 152 154 156
SE2068May31T.png
May 31, 2068
SE2072Mar19P.png
March 19, 2072
SE2076Jan06T.png
January 6, 2076
SE2079Oct24A.png
October 24, 2079
SE2083Aug13P.png
August 13, 2083
158 160 162 164 166
SE2087Jun01P.png
June 1, 2087
SE2098Oct24P.png
October 24, 2098

See also[edit]

Notable total solar eclipse crossing the United States from 1900 to 2050:

Notable annular solar eclipse crossing the United States from 1900 to 2050:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Walker, John. "Lunar Perigee and Apogee Calculator". www.fourmilab.ch.
  2. ^ a b c "TOTAL SOLAR ECLIPSE OF 2045 AUG 12".
  3. ^ Google Earth Gallery for Solar and Lunar Eclipses, Xavier M. Jubier, 2011
  4. ^ van Gent, R.H. "Solar- and Lunar-Eclipse Predictions from Antiquity to the Present". A Catalogue of Eclipse Cycles. Utrecht University. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  5. ^ SEsaros136 at NASA.gov

External links[edit]