Solar eclipse of August 7, 1869

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Solar eclipse of August 7, 1869
SE1869Aug07T.png
Map
Type of eclipse
Nature Total
Gamma 0.696
Magnitude 1.0551
Maximum eclipse
Duration 228 sec (3 m 48 s)
Coordinates 59°06′N 133°12′W / 59.1°N 133.2°W / 59.1; -133.2
Max. width of band 254 km (158 mi)
Times (UTC)
Greatest eclipse 22:01:05
References
Saros 143 (15 of 72)
Catalog # (SE5000) 9209

A total solar eclipse occurred on August 7, 1869. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. A total solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is larger than the Sun's, blocking all direct sunlight, turning day into darkness. Totality occurs in a narrow path across Earth's surface, with the partial solar eclipse visible over a surrounding region thousands of kilometres wide. It path of totality was visible from eastern Russia, Alaska, across Canada, and the northeastern United States. A partial eclipse occurred across all of North America.

Observations[edit]

George Davidson

In 1869, astronomer and explorer George Davidson made a scientific trip to the Chilkat Valley of Alaska. He told the Chilkat Indians that he was especially anxious to observe a total eclipse of the sun that was predicted to occur the following day, August 7. This prediction was considered to have saved Davidson's expedition from an attack.[1]

A photographic expedition was organized by Philadelphia's Henry Morton under the authority of John Huntington Crane Coffin, U.S.N., Superintendent of the American Ephemeris and Nautical Almanac. The expedition observed the eclipse in Iowa at three stations: Burlington, Mount Pleasant, and Ottumwa, under the respective supervisions of Alfred M. Mayer, Henry Morton, and Charles Francis Himes (1838–1918).[2]

Observations were also made by meteorology pioneers Cleveland Abbe and General Albert Myer, in Dakota Territory and Virginia, respectively.[3]

Related eclipses[edit]

It is a part of solar Saros 143.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ August 7, 1869, Astronomer impresses Indians with eclipse George Davidson, a prominent astronomer and explorer, impresses Alaskan Native Americans with his ability to predict a total solar eclipse.
  2. ^ Mayer, Alfred (1869). "An Abstract of Some of the Results of Measurements and Examinations of the Photographs of the Total Solar Eclipse of August 7, 1869". Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society. 11 (81): 204–208.
  3. ^ David Baron, American Eclipse, p. 158

References[edit]