Solar eclipse of December 14, 2020
|Solar eclipse of December 14, 2020|
|Type of eclipse|
|Duration||130 sec (2 m 10 s)|
|Max. width of band||90 km (56 mi)|
|Saros||142 (23 of 72)|
|Catalog # (SE5000)||9554|
A total solar eclipse will occur on December 14, 2020. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. A total solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is larger than the Sun's, blocking all direct sunlight, turning day into darkness. Totality occurs in a narrow path across Earth's surface, with the partial solar eclipse visible over a surrounding region thousands of kilometres wide.
Solar eclipses of 2018-2021
|Ascending node||Descending node|
|117||July 13, 2018
|122||January 6, 2019
|127||July 2, 2019
|132||December 26, 2019
|137||June 21, 2020
|142||December 14, 2020
|147||June 10, 2021
|152||December 4, 2021
It is a part of Saros cycle 142, repeating every 18 years, 11 days, containing 72 events. The series started with partial solar eclipse on April 17, 1624. It contains one hybrid eclipse on July 14, 1768, and total eclipses from July 25, 1786 through October 29, 2543. The series ends at member 72 as a partial eclipse on June 5, 2904. The longest duration of totality will be 6 minutes, 34 seconds on May 28, 2291.
The metonic series repeats eclipses every 19 years (6939.69 days), lasting about 5 cycles. Eclipses occur in nearly the same calendar date. In addition the octon subseries repeats 1/5 of that or every 3.8 years (1387.94 days).
- Earth visibility chart and eclipse statistics Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, NASA/GSFC
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