Solar eclipse of December 4, 2002
|Solar eclipse of December 4, 2002|
|Type of eclipse|
|Duration||124 sec (2 m 4 s)|
|Max. width of band||87 km (54 mi)|
|Saros||142 (22 of 72)|
|Catalog # (SE5000)||9514|
A total solar eclipse took place on December 4, 2002 with a magnitude of 1.0244. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. A total solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is larger than the Sun's, blocking all direct sunlight, turning day into darkness. Totality occurs in a narrow path across Earth's surface, with the partial solar eclipse visible over a surrounding region thousands of kilometres wide. It was visible from a narrow corridor in southern Africa, the Indian Ocean and southern Australia. A partial eclipse was seen from the much broader path of the Moon's penumbra, including most of Africa and Australia. During the sunset after the eclipse many observers in Australia saw numerous and unusual forms of a green flash.
Solar eclipses 2000-2003
|Ascending node||Descending node|
|117||July 1, 2000
|122||December 25, 2000
Totality from Zambia
|June 21, 2001
Partial from Minneapolis, MN
|December 14, 2001
Partial Los Angeles, CA
|June 10, 2002
|142||December 4, 2002
Partial from Belfort
|May 31, 2003
|152||November 23, 2003
It is a part of Saros cycle 142, repeating every 18 years, 11 days, containing 72 events. The series started with partial solar eclipse on April 17, 1624. It contains one hybrid eclipse on July 14, 1768, and total eclipses from July 25, 1786 through October 29, 2543. The series ends at member 72 as a partial eclipse on June 5, 2904. The longest duration of totality will be 6 minutes, 34 seconds on May 28, 2291.
The metonic series repeats eclipses every 19 years (6939.69 days), lasting about 5 cycles. Eclipses occur in nearly the same calendar date. In addition the octon subseries repeats 1/5 of that or every 3.8 years (1387.94 days).
- Maunder, Michael (2007). Lights in the Sky: Identifying and Understanding Astronomical and Meteorological Phenomena. Springer. p. 116. ISBN 1846287618. Retrieved 28 September 2013.
- Fred Espenak and Jay Anderson. "Total Solar Eclipse of 2002 December 4". NASA, November 2004.
- Earth visibility chart and eclipse statistics Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, NASA/GSFC
- Google Map
- Spaceweather.com: Dec. 4, 2002, Solar Eclipse Gallery and 
- Prof. Druckmüller's eclipse photography site. Australia
- Prof. Druckmüller's eclipse photography site. South Africa and Mozambique
- KryssTal - Eclipse from Botswana.
- Images from Australia by Crayford Manor House Astronomical Society
- Total Solar Eclipse of 4 December 2002 seen in EUMETSAT satellite imagery.
- Zimbabwe Solar Eclipse, APOD 12/6/2002, Corona from Zimbabwe-South Africa border
- The Crown of the Sun, APOD 12/13/2002, Corona of total eclipse from Musina, South Africa
- Shadow Cone of a Total Solar Eclipse, APOD 1/6/2003, totality from South Australia
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