Solar eclipse of January 15, 2010
|Solar eclipse of January 15, 2010|
Annularity from Bangui, Central African Republic
|Type of eclipse|
|Duration||668 sec (11 m 8 s)|
|Max. width of band||333 km (207 mi)|
|(P1) Partial begin||4:05:28|
|(U1) Total begin||5:13:55|
|(U4) Total end||8:59:04|
|(P4) Partial end||10:07:35|
|Saros||141 (23 of 70)|
|Catalog # (SE5000)||9529|
An annular solar eclipse occurred on January 15, 2010 with a magnitude of 0.9190. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. An annular solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is smaller than the Sun's, blocking most of the Sun's light and causing the Sun to look like an annulus (ring). An annular eclipse appears as a partial eclipse over a region of the Earth thousands of kilometres wide. It was the longest annular solar eclipse of the millennium, and the longest until December 23, 3043, with the length of maximum eclipse of 11 minutes, 7.8 seconds, and the longest duration of 11 minutes, 10.7 seconds. This is about 4 minutes longer than total solar eclipses could ever get. (The solar eclipse of January 4, 1992, was longer, at 11 minutes, 40.9 seconds, occurring in the middle of the Pacific Ocean.)
The eclipse was visible as only a partial eclipse in much of Africa, Eastern Europe, the Middle East and Asia. It was seen as an annular eclipse within a narrow stretch of 300 km (190 mi) width across Central Africa, Maldives, South Kerala (India), South Tamil Nadu (India), Sri Lanka and parts of Bangladesh, Burma and China.
- 1 The tables below contain detailed predictions and additional information on the Annular Solar Eclipse of January 15, 2010
- 2 Visibility of the eclipse
- 3 Gallery
- 4 Related eclipses
- 5 Notes
- 6 References
- 7 External links
The tables below contain detailed predictions and additional information on the Annular Solar Eclipse of January 15, 2010
|First Penumbral External Contact||2010 Jan 15 at 04:05:27.6 UTC|
|First Umbral External Contact||2010 Jan 15 at 05:13:55.0 UTC|
|First Central Line||2010 Jan 15 at 05:17:34.8 UTC|
|First Umbral Internal Contact||2010 Jan 15 at 05:21:15.9 UTC|
|First Penumbral Internal Contact||2010 Jan 15 at 06:50:06.9 UTC|
|Greatest Eclipse||2010 Jan 15 at 07:06:33.2 UTC|
|Last Penumbral Internal Contact||2010 Jan 15 at 07:22:37.8 UTC|
|Last Umbral Internal Contact||2010 Jan 15 at 08:51:40.5 UTC|
|Last Central Line||2010 Jan 15 at 08:55:22.8 UTC|
|Last Umbral External Contact||2010 Jan 15 at 08:59:03.9 UTC|
|Last Penumbral External Contact||2010 Jan 15 at 10:07:35.3 UTC|
Visibility of the eclipse
The eclipse started in the Central African Republic near the border with Chad, traversed DR Congo and Uganda, passed through Nairobi, Kenya, the northern tip of Tanzania, southwestern Somalia and three islands of Seychelles (Bird, Denis and Aride), and passed over the Indian Ocean, where it reached its greatest visibility. It then entered Maldives, where it was the longest on land with 10.8 viewable minutes. The annular eclipse at Malé, the capital city of Maldives, started at 12:20:20 and ended at 12:30:06 (9 minutes, 46 seconds (586 seconds)) Maldives local time (UTC+5). This was also the longest duration of any eclipse with an international airport in its track.
Thiruvananthapuram, which was the entry point of the eclipse in India, was equipped with telescopes and announced facilities for the public to view the eclipse. Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre, situated in Trivandrum, analysed the atmospheric-ionospheric parameters during the eclipse. Many scientists camped in the city to witness and study the eclipse.
At Rameswaram, the sunrise was not visible due to thick clouds, but it started getting clear at around 9 AM local time and became almost totally clear by the time the eclipse began. The sky had a thin layer of cirrus clouds till 2:30PM. Among the eclipse-watchers was Sky Watchers' Association of North Bengal (SWAN) from Siliguri at the foothills of West Bengal and Tamil Nadu Astronomical Association.
Dhanushkodi, which falls on the central line of the eclipse, was a good place to view the eclipse. The northernmost limit of shadow in India was Cuddalore, Neyveli, Erode, Kodaikanal, and Madurai. Other prime viewing locations in Tamil Nadu include Thoothukudi and Cape Comorin, 22 km north of the center line. The exact location of the line is between the NH end and the Dhanushkodi ruins. Dhanushkodi is about 2 km east of the central line. The degree difference is about 0.2 between the central line – with Kodandaramar Temple and Dhanushkodi ruins vice versa. Dhanushkodi is about 5 km from the Kodandaramar Temple.
Eclipse taken against the Nallur Kandaswamy temple, Jaffna District, Sri Lanka.
Eclipse taken at Jaffna Hindu College, Jaffna District, Sri Lanka.
Stages of solar eclipse in Thiruvananthapuram, India.
Photograph of the eclipse seen from Chennai, India
The eclipse from Degania A, Israel, 05:41 UT
Solar eclipse seen from Taichung, Taiwan
Solar eclipse as seen from Jinan, China
Eclipses of 2010
- An annular solar eclipse on January 15.
- A partial lunar eclipse on June 26.
- A total solar eclipse on July 11.
- A total lunar eclipse on December 21.
Solar eclipses 2008–2011
This eclipse is a member of a semester series. An eclipse in a semester series of solar eclipses repeats approximately every 177 days and 4 hours (a semester) at alternating nodes of the Moon's orbit.
|Solar eclipse series sets from 2008–2011|
|Ascending node||Descending node|
Partial from Christchurch, NZ
|2008 February 7
|2008 August 1
Partial from Riversdal
|2009 January 26
|2009 July 22
Bangui, Central African Republic
|2010 January 15
Hao, French Polynesia
|2010 July 11
Partial from Vienna, Austria
|2011 January 4
|1.0626||156||2011 July 1
|Partial solar eclipses on June 1, 2011, and November 25, 2011, occur on the next lunar year eclipse set.|
Solar saros 141, repeating every about 18 years, 11 days, and 8 hours, contains 70 events. The series started with partial solar eclipse on May 19, 1613. It contains 41 annular eclipses from August 4, 1739, to October 14, 2460. There are no total eclipses in this series. The series ends at member 70 as a partial eclipse on June 13, 2857. The longest annular eclipse occurred on December 14, 1955, with maximum duration of annularity at 12 minutes and 9 seconds. All eclipses in this series occur at the Moon’s ascending node.
|Series members 17–36 occur between 1901 and 2259|
November 11, 1901
November 22, 1919
December 2, 1937
December 14, 1955
December 24, 1973
January 4, 1992
January 15, 2010
January 26, 2028
February 5, 2046
February 17, 2064
February 27, 2082
March 10, 2100
March 22, 2118
April 1, 2136
April 12, 2154
April 23, 2172
May 4, 2190
May 15, 2208
May 27, 2226
June 6, 2244
The metonic series repeats eclipses every 19 years (6939.69 days), lasting about 5 cycles. Eclipses occur in nearly the same calendar date. In addition, the octon subseries repeats 1/5 of that or every 3.8 years (1387.94 days). All eclipses in this table occur at the Moon's ascending node.
|21 eclipse events, progressing from south to north between June 10, 1964, and August 21, 2036|
|June 10–11||March 27–29||January 15–16||November 3||August 21–22|
June 10, 1964
March 28, 1968
January 16, 1972
November 3, 1975
August 22, 1979
June 11, 1983
March 29, 1987
January 15, 1991
November 3, 1994
August 22, 1998
June 10, 2002
March 29, 2006
January 15, 2010
November 3, 2013
August 21, 2017
June 10, 2021
March 29, 2025
January 14, 2029
November 3, 2032
August 21, 2036
- NASA – Solar Eclipse Search Engine
- Espenak, Fred. "Besselian Elements for Annular Solar Eclipse of 2010 Jan 15". NASA Eclipse Web Site.
- Annular Solar Eclipse Occurs on January 15, 2010
- NASA: Eclipses During 2010: Annular Solar Eclipse of January 15
- Facilities to view the solar eclipse in Trivandrum
- VSSC expects insights from eclipse
- City Bureau (January 15, 2010). "Celestial treat, a day away". The Hindu.
- van Gent, R.H. "Solar- and Lunar-Eclipse Predictions from Antiquity to the Present". A Catalogue of Eclipse Cycles. Utrecht University. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
- Saros Series Catalog of Solar Eclipses NASA Eclipse Web Site.
- NASA: Annular Solar Eclipse of 2010 January 15
- Earth visibility chart and eclipse statistics Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, NASA/GSFC
- NASA: Eclipses During 2010: Annular Solar Eclipse of January 15
- Eclipse.org.uk: Annular eclipse of the Sun: 2010 January 15
- www.sciencemaldives.org: January 15th 2010 Solar Eclipse, Maldives
- Hermit.org Visibility graphics
- www.eclipser.ca: Jay Anderson 2010 January 15 Annular Solar Eclipse
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Solar eclipse of 2010 January 15.|
- Annular Solar Eclipse of Dali, Yunnan, China
- SpaceWeather.com: January 15, 2010 solar eclipse
- Eclipse over the Temple of Poseidon, APOD 1/18/2010, partial eclipse of Sounion, Greece
- Millennium Annular Solar Eclipse, APOD 1/22/2010, annularity of Kanyakumari, India, the same picture chosen as APOD again on 5/19/2012, Annular Solar Eclipse
- Eclipses in the Shade, APOD 1/23/2010, from Alif Alif Atoll, Maldives
- Annular Eclipse Over Myanmar, APOD 1/26/2010, annularity of Ananda Temple, Bagan, Myanmar
- 2010 Annular Eclipse January 15, 2010, from India by Jay Pasachoff
- Solar Eclipse animation of January 15, 2010
- ShadowAndSubstance.com: January 15, 2010, solar eclipse animations for geographical locations
- Eclipse photography taken from Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu, India
- Eclipse-Chasers: January 15, 2010 annular solar eclipse
- SWAN Website