Solar eclipse of March 9, 2016

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Solar eclipse of March 9, 2016
Total Solar Eclipse, 9 March 2016, from Balikpapan, East Kalimantan, Indonesia.JPG
Totality with Baily's beads from Balikpapan, Indonesia
SE2016Mar09T.png
Map
Type of eclipse
NatureTotal
Gamma0.2609
Magnitude1.045
Maximum eclipse
Duration249 sec (4 m 9 s)
Coordinates10°06′N 148°48′E / 10.1°N 148.8°E / 10.1; 148.8
Max. width of band155 km (96 mi)
Times (UTC)
Greatest eclipse1:58:19
References
Saros130 (52 of 73)
Catalog # (SE5000)9543

A total solar eclipse took place at the Moon's descending node of the orbit on March 8–9, 2016. If viewed from east of the International Date Line (for instance from Hawaii), the eclipse took place on March 8 (local time) and elsewhere on March 9. A total solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is larger than the Sun's and the apparent path of the Sun and Moon intersect, blocking all direct sunlight and turning daylight into darkness; the sun appears to be black with a halo around it. Totality occurs in a narrow path across Earth's surface, with the partial solar eclipse visible over a surrounding region thousands of kilometres wide. The eclipse of March 8–9, 2016 had a magnitude of 1.0450 visible across an area of Pacific Ocean, which started in the Indian Ocean, and ended in the northern Pacific Ocean.[1]

It was the 52nd eclipse of the 130th Saros cycle, which began with a partial eclipse on August 20, 1059 and will conclude with a partial eclipse on October 25, 2394.

The eclipse was clearly visible in many parts of Indonesia, including Central Sulawesi and Ternate, but obscured by clouds and smokes in Palembang, the largest city on the path of totality.[2][3] The eclipse coincided with Nyepi, a public holiday in Indonesia and the end of the Balinese saka calendar. Because Nyepi is normally a day of silence, Muslims in Bali had to be given special dispensation to attend special prayer services during the eclipse.[4]

Path of the eclipse[edit]

On March 9, 2016, a large area of the Pacific, covering Indonesia, Borneo, but also large parts of Southeast Asia and Australia, witnessed a partial solar eclipse. It was total in multiple islands of Indonesia, three atolls of the Federated States of Micronesia (Eauripik, Woleai and Ifalik) and the central Pacific, starting at sunrise over Sumatra and ending at sunset north of Hawaii. In the Eastern Pacific Ocean, the totality exceeded a duration of more than 4 minutes.[5]

In most parts of India and Nepal, the sunrise was partially eclipsed, and much of East Asia witnessed more than 50% partial eclipse.[5][6]

The largest city along the path of totality was Palembang in southern Sumatra (423 km (263 mi) from Jakarta and 478 km (297 mi) from Singapore).[3]

In order to watch the total solar eclipse, Alaska Airlines adjusted the flight plan for Flight 870. The flight passed through the umbral shadow about 695 miles (1,118 km) north of Hawaii.[7]

Maps[edit]

SE2016Mar09T.gif An EPIC Eclipse.gif
Animation assembled from 13 images acquired by NASA's Earth Polychromatic Imaging Camera.
Global path of the total solar eclipse 2016-03-09.png
Path of the eclipse in Southeast Asia
Path of the total solar eclipse of 2016-03-09 in Indonesia.png
Path of the eclipse in Indonesia

Gallery[edit]

Related eclipses[edit]

This solar eclipse is related to other eclipses including in the current set predictions between 2015 and 2018. It is also a part of long period Saros cycle 130, and a 19-year Metonic cycle.

Eclipses of 2016[edit]

Solar eclipses descending node 2015-2018[edit]

Solar eclipses 2015–18[edit]

This eclipse is a member of a semester series. An eclipse in a semester series of solar eclipses repeats approximately every 177 days and 4 hours (a semester) at alternating nodes of the Moon's orbit.[8]

Solar eclipse series sets from 2015–2018
Descending node   Ascending node
Saros Map Gamma Saros Map Gamma
120
Total solar eclipse of March 20, 2015 by Damien Deltenre (licensed for free use). (32844461616).jpg
Longyearbyen, Svalbard
2015 March 20
SE2015Mar20T.png
Total
0.9453 125 2015 September 13
SE2015Sep13P.png
Partial
-1.1004
130
Total Solar Eclipse, 9 March 2016, from Balikpapan, East Kalimantan, Indonesia.JPG
Balikpapan, Indonesia
2016 March 9
SE2016Mar09T.png
Total
0.2609 135
Eclipse 20160901 center.jpg
L'Étang-Salé, Réunion
2016 September 1
SE2016Sep01A.png
Annular
-0.3330
140
26-feb-2017 solar ecipse.jpg
Partial from Buenos Aires
2017 February 26
SE2017Feb26A.png
Annular
-0.4578 145
Solar eclipse, Miles Landing 8-21-17 (36842678271).jpg
Casper, Wyoming
2017 August 21
Solar eclipse global visibility 2017Aug21T.png
Total
0.4367
150
Eclipse Solar Parcial - 15.02.2018 - Olivos, GBA (Argentina).jpg
Partial from Olivos, Buenos Aires
2018 February 15
SE2018Feb15P.png
Partial
-1.2117 155
2018.08.11 1214Z C8F6 Solar Eclipse (43976490201).jpg
Partial from Huittinen, Finland
2018 August 11
SE2018Aug11P.png
Partial
1.1476
Partial solar eclipses on July 13, 2018, and January 6, 2019, occur during the next semester series.

Saros 130[edit]

This eclipse is a part of Saros cycle 130, repeating every 18 years, 11 days, containing 73 events. The series started with partial solar eclipse on August 20, 1096. It contains total eclipses from April 5, 1475 through July 18, 2232. The series ends at member 73 as a partial eclipse on October 25, 2394. The longest duration of totality was 6 minutes, 41 seconds on July 11, 1619.

Saros 130 total eclipses between 1850 and 2100
43 44 45 46 47 48 49
SE1853Nov30T.png SE1871Dec12T.png SE1889Dec22T.png SE1908Jan03T.png SE1926Jan14T.png SE1944Jan25T.png SE1962Feb05T.png
1853/11/30 1871/12/12 1889/12/22 1908/1/3 1926/1/14 1944/1/25 1962/2/5
Solar eclipse 1853Nov30-Moesta.png Solar eclipse 1871Dec12-Lord Lindsay.png Solar eclipse 1889Dec22-Perry.png 1908 01 03 Lick.jpg
4m 28s 4m 23s 4m 18s 4m 14s 4m 11s 4m 9s 4m 8s
50 51 52 53 54 55 56
SE1980Feb16T.png SE1998Feb26T.png SE2016Mar09T.png SE2034Mar20T.png SE2052Mar30T.png SE2070Apr11T.png SE2088Apr21T.png
1980/2/16 1998/2/26 2016/3/9 2034/3/20 2052/3/30 2070/4/11 2088/4/21
Total Solar Eclipse, 9 March 2016, from Balikpapan, East Kalimantan, Indonesia.JPG
4m 8s 4m 9s 4m 9s 4m 9s 4m 8s 4m 4s 3m 58s

Metonic series[edit]

The metonic series repeats eclipses every 19 years (6939.69 days), lasting about 5 cycles. Eclipses occur in nearly the same calendar date. In addition, the octon subseries repeats 1/5 of that or every 3.8 years (1387.94 days). All eclipses in this table occur at the Moon's descending node.[9]

Octon series with 21 events between May 21, 1993 and August 2, 2065
May 20–21 March 8–9 December 25–26 October 13–14 August 1–2
98 100 102 104 106
May 21, 1955 March 9, 1959 December 26, 1962 October 14, 1966 August 2, 1970
108 110 112 114 116
May 21, 1974 March 9, 1978 December 26, 1981 October 14, 1985 August 1, 1989
118 120 122 124 126
SE1993May21P.png
May 21, 1993
SE1997Mar09T.png
March 9, 1997
SE2000Dec25P.png
December 25, 2000
SE2004Oct14P.png
October 14, 2004
SE2008Aug01T.png
August 1, 2008
128 130 132 134 136
SE2012May20A.png
May 20, 2012
SE2016Mar09T.png
March 9, 2016
SE2019Dec26A.png
December 26, 2019
SE2023Oct14A.png
October 14, 2023
SE2027Aug02T.png
August 2, 2027
138 140 142 144 146
SE2031May21A.png
May 21, 2031
SE2035Mar09A.png
March 9, 2035
SE2038Dec26T.png
December 26, 2038
SE2042Oct14A.png
October 14, 2042
SE2046Aug02T.png
August 2, 2046
148 150 152 154 156
SE2050May20H.png
May 20, 2050
SE2054Mar09P.png
March 9, 2054
SE2057Dec26T.png
December 26, 2057
SE2061Oct13A.png
October 13, 2061
SE2065Aug02P.png
August 2, 2065
158 160 162 164 166
SE2069May20P.png
May 20, 2069
March 8, 2073 December 26, 2076 October 13, 2080 August 1, 2084

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Espenak, Fred. "Google Maps and Solar Eclipse Paths: 2001 – 2020". Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, NASA's GSFC. NASA. Retrieved April 11, 2009.
  2. ^ Graham, Chris (March 10, 2016). "Solar eclipse sweeps across Asia". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 2016-03-10.
  3. ^ a b Graham Jones (November 15, 2015). "'Completely Off the Charts': Indonesia Prepares for March 9 Eclipse". Jakata Globe. Retrieved March 9, 2016.
  4. ^ "Do's and Don'ts on Nyepi: Religious Leaders in Bali Issue Guidelines for Nyepi Observance on March 9, 2016". Bali Discovery Tours. February 20, 2016. Retrieved March 9, 2016.
  5. ^ a b Ade Ashford (March 8, 2016). "Get ready for the 9 March total solar eclipse". Astronomy Now. Retrieved March 9, 2016.
  6. ^ PTI (March 9, 2016). "Part of total solar eclipse seen in India". Economic Times. Retrieved March 9, 2016.
  7. ^ Cosgrove, Cole. "Chasing the shadow of the moon: To intercept eclipse, Alaska Airlines adjusts flight plan to delight astronomers". Alaska Airlines.
  8. ^ van Gent, R.H. "Solar- and Lunar-Eclipse Predictions from Antiquity to the Present". A Catalogue of Eclipse Cycles. Utrecht University. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  9. ^ Freeth, Tony. "Note S1: Eclipses & Predictions". plos.org. Retrieved 6 October 2018.

References[edit]

External links[edit]