Solar eclipse of March 9, 2016
|Solar eclipse of March 9, 2016|
|Type of eclipse|
|Duration||249 sec (4 m 9 s)|
|Max. width of band||155 km (96 mi)|
|Saros||130 (52 of 73)|
|Catalog # (SE5000)||9543|
A total solar eclipse took place on March 8–9, 2016. If viewed from east of the International Date Line (for instance from Hawaii), the eclipse took place on March 8 (local time) and elsewhere on March 9. A total solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is larger than the Sun's and the apparent path of the Sun and Moon intersect, blocking all direct sunlight and turning daylight into darkness; the sun appears to be black with a halo around it. Totality occurs in a narrow path across Earth's surface, with the partial solar eclipse visible over a surrounding region thousands of kilometres wide. The eclipse of March 8–9, 2016 had a magnitude of 1.0450 visible across an area of Pacific Ocean, which started in the Indian Ocean, and ended in the northern Pacific Ocean.
The eclipse was clearly visible in many parts of Indonesia, including Central Sulawesi and Ternate, but obscured by clouds and smokes in Palembang, the largest city on the path of totality. The eclipse coincided with Nyepi, a public holiday in Indonesia and the end of the Balinese saka calendar. Because Nyepi is normally a day of silence, Muslims in Bali had to be given special dispensation to attend special prayer services during the eclipse.
Path of the eclipse
On March 9, 2016, a large area of the Pacific, covering Indonesia, Borneo, but also large parts of Southeast Asia and Australia, witnessed a partial solar eclipse. It was total in multiple islands of Indonesia, three atolls of the Federated States of Micronesia (Eauripik, Woleai and Ifalik) and the central Pacific, starting at sunrise over Sumatra and ending at sunset north of Hawaii. In the Eastern Pacific Ocean, the totality exceeded a duration of more than 4 minutes.
Animation assembled from 13 images acquired by NASA’s Earth Polychromatic Imaging Camera.
Path of the eclipse in Southeast Asia
Path of the eclipse in Indonesia
Near greatest eclipse in Bandung, Indonesia
Totality in Palembang, Indonesia
Partial in Jakarta, Indonesia, 0:23 UTC
Partial in Nanyang Technological University, 0:23 UTC
Partial in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, 0:26 UTC
Partial in Singapore, 0:27 UTC
Partial in Khon Kaen University, 0:47 UTC
Partial in Nonthaburi, Thailand, 0:52 UTC
Partial in Brunei, 1:01 UTC
Partial in Hefei, China, 1:40 UTC
Totality in Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument
Solar eclipses 2015–18
This eclipse is a member of a semester series. An eclipse in a semester series of solar eclipses repeats approximately every 177 days and 4 hours (a semester) at alternating nodes of the Moon's orbit.
|Solar eclipse series sets from 2015–18|
|Descending node||Ascending node|
|March 20, 2015
|125||September 13, 2015|
|March 9, 2016
|September 1, 2016|
Partial from Buenos Aires
|February 26, 2017
|August 21, 2017|
Partial from Olivos, Buenos Aires
|February 15, 2018
Partial from Huittinen, Finland
|August 11, 2018|
|Partial solar eclipses on July 13, 2018, and January 6, 2019, occur during the next semester series.|
This eclipse is a part of Saros cycle 130, repeating every 18 years, 11 days, containing 73 events. The series started with partial solar eclipse on August 20, 1096. It contains total eclipses from April 5, 1475 through July 18, 2232. The series ends at member 73 as a partial eclipse on October 25, 2394. The longest duration of totality was 6 minutes, 41 seconds on July 11, 1619.
|4m 28s||4m 23s||4m 18s||4m 14s||4m 11s||4m 9s||4m 8s|
|4m 8s||4m 9s||4m 9s||4m 9s||4m 8s||4m 4s||3m 58s|
This eclipse is a member of the Octon eclipse series, which includes 21 eclipses occurring in approximately 4 year intervals from May 21, 1993 to August 2, 2065.
|Octon series with 21 events between May 21, 1993 and August 2, 2065|
|May 20–21||March 9||December 25–26||October 13–14||August 1–2|
May 21, 1993
March 9, 1997
December 25, 2000
October 14, 2004
August 1, 2008
May 20, 2012
March 9, 2016
December 26, 2019
October 14, 2023
August 2, 2027
May 21, 2031
March 9, 2035
December 26, 2038
October 14, 2042
August 2, 2046
May 20, 2050
March 9, 2054
December 26, 2057
October 13, 2061
August 2, 2065
May 20, 2069
- Espenak, Fred. "Google Maps and Solar Eclipse Paths: 2001 – 2020". Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, NASA's GSFC. NASA. Retrieved April 11, 2009.
- Graham, Chris (March 10, 2016). "Solar eclipse sweeps across Asia". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 2016-03-10.
- Graham Jones (November 15, 2015). "'Completely Off the Charts': Indonesia Prepares for March 9 Eclipse". Jakata Globe. Retrieved March 9, 2016.
- "Do's and Don'ts on Nyepi: Religious Leaders in Bali Issue Guidelines for Nyepi Observance on March 9, 2016". Bali Discovery Tours. February 20, 2016. Retrieved March 9, 2016.
- Ade Ashford (March 8, 2016). "Get ready for the 9 March total solar eclipse". Astronomy Now. Retrieved March 9, 2016.
- PTI (March 9, 2016). "Part of total solar eclipse seen in India". Economic Times. Retrieved March 9, 2016.
- Cosgrove, Cole. "Chasing the shadow of the moon: To intercept eclipse, Alaska Airlines adjusts flight plan to delight astronomers". Alaska Airlines.
- van Gent, R.H. "Solar- and Lunar-Eclipse Predictions from Antiquity to the Present". A Catalogue of Eclipse Cycles. Utrecht University. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
- "Saros Series catalog of solar eclipses". NASA.
- Freeth, Tony. "Note S1: Eclipses & Predictions". plos.org. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Solar eclipse of 2016 March 9.|
- Earth visibility chart and eclipse statistics Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, NASA/GSFC
- F. Espenak, J. Meeus: Five Millennium Catalog of Solar eclipses, NASA/TP-2009-213174
- "Total solar eclipse of 2016 Mar 09, Google Maps and Solar Eclipse Paths". NASA. Retrieved March 10, 2016.
- hermit.org: Total Solar Eclipse: March 9 2016
- Interactive map of the eclipse with local circumstances and diagram
- EU project Stars4All: Eclipse online broadcast from Palu (Indonesia)
- on YouTube