Solar eclipse of March 9, 2016

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Solar eclipse of March 9, 2016
Total Solar Eclipse, 9 March 2016, from Balikpapan, East Kalimantan, Indonesia.JPG
Totality with Baily's beads from Balikpapan, Indonesia
Type of eclipse
Nature Total
Gamma 0.2609
Magnitude 1.045
Maximum eclipse
Duration 249 sec (4 m 9 s)
Coordinates 10°06′N 148°48′E / 10.1°N 148.8°E / 10.1; 148.8
Max. width of band 155 km (96 mi)
Times (UTC)
Greatest eclipse 1:58:19
Saros 130 (52 of 73)
Catalog # (SE5000) 9543

A total solar eclipse took place on March 8–9, 2016. If viewed from east of the International Date Line (for instance from Hawaii), the eclipse took place on March 8 (local time) and elsewhere on March 9. A total solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is larger than the Sun's and the apparent path of the Sun and Moon intersect, blocking all direct sunlight and turning daylight into darkness; the sun appears to be black with a halo around it. Totality occurs in a narrow path across Earth's surface, with the partial solar eclipse visible over a surrounding region thousands of kilometres wide. The eclipse of March 8–9, 2016 had a magnitude of 1.0450 visible across an area of Pacific Ocean, which started in the Indian Ocean, and ended in the northern Pacific Ocean.[1]

The eclipse was clearly visible in many parts of Indonesia, including Central Sulawesi and Ternate, but obscured by clouds and smokes in Palembang, the largest city on the path of totality.[2][3] The eclipse coincided with Nyepi, a public holiday in Indonesia and the end of the Balinese saka calendar. Because Nyepi is normally a day of silence, Muslims in Bali had to be given special dispensation to attend special prayer services during the eclipse.[4]

Path of the eclipse[edit]

On March 9, 2016, a large area of the Pacific, covering Indonesia, Malaysia, but also large parts of Southeast Asia and Australia, witnessed a partial solar eclipse. It was total in Indonesia and the central Pacific, starting at sunrise over Sumatra and ending at sunset north of Hawaii. In the Eastern Pacific Ocean, the totality exceeded a duration of more than 4 minutes.[5]

In most parts of India and Nepal, the sunrise was partially eclipsed, and much of East Asia witnessed more than 50% partial eclipse.[5][6]

The largest city along the path of totality was Palembang in southern Sumatra (423 km (263 mi) from Jakarta and 478 km (297 mi) from Singapore).[3]

Timetable for several locations[7]
Location Begin partial phase Begin totality End totality End partial phase Timezone
Palembang, Sumatra, Indonesia 06:20:29 07:20:48 07:22:41 08:31:27 UTC+7h
Jakarta, Java, Indonesia 06:19:51 only partial 08:43:41 UTC+7h
Palu, Sulawesi, Indonesia 07:27:51 08:37:47 08:39:52 10:00:34 UTC+8h
Ternate, Maluku Islands, Indonesia 08:36:03 09:51:40 09:54:19 11:20:50 UTC+9h
Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 07:24:22 only partial 09:31:00 UTC+8h
Singapore 07:23:01 only partial 09:32:54 UTC+8h
Manila, Philippines 07:51:14 only partial 10:14:20 UTC+8h
Bangkok, Thailand 06:39:03 only partial 08:32:39 UTC+7h
Maximum eclipse (Pacific Ocean, duration 4:09) 0:02:41 01:55:06 01:59:16 03:30:25 UTC
Darwin, Australia 09:07:29 only partial 11:35:00 UTC+9.5h
Yap, Micronesia 10:02:49 only partial 13:01:48 UTC+10h
Honolulu, Hawaii, USA (March 8) 16:36:52 only partial 18:30:06 UTC-10h
Alaska Air Flight 870, in flight, 695 miles (1,118 km) north of Hawaii[8]   17:35:00 17:37:03   UTC-10h


Solar eclipse animate (2016-Mar-09).GIF An EPIC Eclipse.gif
Animation assembled from 13 images acquired by NASA’s Earth Polychromatic Imaging Camera.
Global path of the total solar eclipse 2016-03-09.png
Global path of the eclipse
Path of the total solar eclipse of 2016-03-09 in Indonesia.png
Path of the eclipse in Indonesia


Related eclipses[edit]

This solar eclipse is related to other eclipses including in the current set predictions between 2015 and 2018. It is also a part of long period Saros cycle 130, and a 19-year Metonic cycle.

Solar eclipses 2015–18[edit]

Each member in a semester series of solar eclipses repeats approximately every 177 days and 4 hours (a semester) at alternating nodes of the Moon's orbit.

Saros 130[edit]

This eclipse is a part of Saros cycle 130, repeating every 18 years, 11 days, containing 73 events. The series started with partial solar eclipse on August 20, 1096. It contains total eclipses from April 5, 1475 through July 18, 2232. The series ends at member 73 as a partial eclipse on October 25, 2394. The longest duration of totality was 6 minutes, 41 seconds on July 11, 1619.[9]

Saros 130 total eclipses between 1850 and 2100
43 44 45 46 47 48 49
SE1853Nov30T.png SE1871Dec12T.png SE1889Dec22T.png SE1908Jan03T.png SE1926Jan14T.png SE1944Jan25T.png SE1962Feb05T.png
1853/11/30 1871/12/12 1889/12/22 1908/1/3 1926/1/14 1944/1/25 1962/2/5
Solar eclipse 1853Nov30-Moesta.png Solar eclipse 1871Dec12-Lord Lindsay.png Solar eclipse 1889Dec22-Perry.png 1908 01 03 Lick.jpg
4m 28s 4m 23s 4m 18s 4m 14s 4m 11s 4m 9s 4m 8s
50 51 52 53 54 55 56
SE1980Feb16T.png SE1998Feb26T.png SE2016Mar09T.png SE2034Mar20T.png SE2052Mar30T.png SE2070Apr11T.png SE2088Apr21T.png
1980/2/16 1998/2/26 2016/3/9 2034/3/20 2052/3/30 2070/4/11 2088/4/21
Total Solar Eclipse, 9 March 2016, from Balikpapan, East Kalimantan, Indonesia.JPG
4m 8s 4m 9s 4m 9s 4m 9s 4m 8s 4m 4s 3m 58s

Metonic series[edit]


  1. ^ Espenak, Fred. "Google Maps and Solar Eclipse Paths: 2001 – 2020". Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, NASA's GSFC. NASA. Retrieved April 11, 2009. 
  2. ^ Graham, Chris (March 10, 2016). "Solar eclipse sweeps across Asia". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 2016-03-10. 
  3. ^ a b Graham Jones (November 15, 2015). "'Completely Off the Charts': Indonesia Prepares for March 9 Eclipse". Jakata Globe. Retrieved March 9, 2016. 
  4. ^ "Do's and Don'ts on Nyepi: Religious Leaders in Bali Issue Guidelines for Nyepi Observance on March 9, 2016". Bali Discovery Tours. February 20, 2016. Retrieved March 9, 2016. 
  5. ^ a b Ade Ashford (March 8, 2016). "Get ready for the 9 March total solar eclipse". Astronomy Now. Retrieved March 9, 2016. 
  6. ^ PTI (March 9, 2016). "Part of total solar eclipse seen in India". Economic Times. Retrieved March 9, 2016. 
  7. ^ Harrington: Sonnen- und Mondfinsternisse beobachten, Spektrum Verlag, ISBN 3-8274-1329-X
  8. ^ Cosgrove, Cole. "Chasing the shadow of the moon: To intercept eclipse, Alaska Airlines adjusts flight plan to delight astronomers". Alaska Airlines. 
  9. ^ "Saros Series catalog of solar eclipses". NASA.