Solar eclipse of May 6, 1883
|Solar eclipse of May 6, 1883|
An artist's depiction of the total solar eclipse, observed from Caroline Atoll, Caroline Islands.
|Type of eclipse|
|Duration||358 sec (5 m 58 s)|
|Max. width of band||229 km (142 mi)|
|Saros||136 (30 of 71)|
|Catalog # (SE5000)||9241|
A total solar eclipse occurred on May 6, 1883. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. A total solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is larger than the Sun's, blocking all direct sunlight, turning day into darkness. Totality occurs in a narrow path across Earth's surface, with the partial solar eclipse visible over a surrounding region thousands of kilometres wide. The path of totality fell across the southern Pacific Ocean with no major landfall. Partiality was visible from far eastern Australia at sunrise, and New Zealand, as well as western South America and southern Mexico near sunset. This eclipse is a member of Solar Saros 136, and its maximum duration was 5 minutes and 58 seconds.
An expedition of American astronomers traveled from Peru to Caroline Island aboard the USS Hartford to observe the total solar eclipse. A French expedition also observed the eclipse from Caroline, and the United States Navy mapped the atoll. Johann Palisa, a member of the expedition, discovered an asteroid later that year which he named Carolina "in remembrance of his visit to [the] island."
Solar Saros 136, repeating every 18 years, 11 days, contains 71 events. The series started with partial solar eclipse on June 14, 1360, and reached a first annular eclipse on September 8, 1504. It was a hybrid event from November 22, 1612, through January 17, 1703, and total eclipses from January 27, 1721 through May 13, 2496. The series ends at member 71 as a partial eclipse on July 30, 2622, with the entire series lasting 1262 years. The longest eclipse occurred on June 20, 1955, with a maximum duration of totality at 7 minutes, 7.74 seconds. All eclipses in this series occurs at the Moon’s descending node.
|Series members 29–43 occur between 1865 and 2117|
Apr 25, 1865
May 6, 1883
May 18, 1901
May 29, 1919
Jun 8, 1937
Jun 20, 1955
Jun 30, 1973
Jul 11, 1991
Jul 22, 2009
Aug 2, 2027
Aug 12, 2045
Aug 24, 2063
Sep 3, 2081
Sep 14, 2099
Sep 26, 2117
- NASA graphic
- The Total Solar Eclipse of 16th April, 1893. Report on Results Obtained with the Slit Spectroscopes, by E. H. Hills, 1894, The Royal Society.
- Scientific American: The Solar Eclipse Of May 6, 1883, Professor C. S. Hastings, of the Johns Hopkins University, also includes many interesting details in his account of the trip
- The total solar eclipse of May 6, 1883, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 44, p. 180 
- Some of the Meteorological Results of the Total Solar Eclipse of May 6, 1883, Nature 31, 601-601 (30 April 1885) 
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