Solar eclipse of October 12, 1958

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Solar eclipse of October 12, 1958
SE1958Oct12T.png
Map
Type of eclipse
Nature Total
Gamma -0.2951
Magnitude 1.0608
Maximum eclipse
Duration 311 sec (5 m 11 s)
Coordinates 24°00′S 142°24′W / 24°S 142.4°W / -24; -142.4
Max. width of band 209 km (130 mi)
Times (UTC)
Greatest eclipse 20:55:28
References
Saros 133 (42 of 72)
Catalog # (SE5000) 9417

A total solar eclipse occurred on October 12, 1958. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. A total solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is larger than the Sun's, blocking all direct sunlight, turning day into darkness. Totality occurs in a narrow path across Earth's surface, with the partial solar eclipse visible over a surrounding region thousands of kilometres wide.

Related eclipses[edit]

Solar eclipses of 1957-1960[edit]

Each member in a semester series of solar eclipses repeats approximately every 177 days and 4 hours (a semester) at alternating nodes of the Moon's orbit.

Solar eclipse series sets from 1957–1960
Descending node   Ascending node
Saros Map Saros Map
118 SE1957Apr30A.png
April 30, 1957
Annular
123 SE1957Oct23T.png
October 23, 1957
Total
128 SE1958Apr19A.png
April 19, 1958
Annular
133 SE1958Oct12T.png
October 12, 1958
Total
138 SE1959Apr08A.png
April 8, 1959
Annular
143 SE1959Oct02T.png
October 2, 1959
Total
148 SE1960Mar27P.png
March 27, 1960
Partial
153 SE1960Sep20P.png
September 20, 1960
Partial

Saros 133[edit]

Solar Saros 133, repeating every 18 years, 11 days, contains 72 events. The series started with a partial solar eclipse on July 13, 1219. It contains annular eclipses from November 20, 1435, through January 13, 1526, with a hybrid eclipse on January 24, 1544. It has total eclipses from February 3, 1562, through June 21, 2373. The series ends at member 72 as a partial eclipse on September 5, 2499. The longest duration of totality was 6 minutes, 50 seconds on August 7, 1850.[1] The total eclipses of this saros series are getting shorter and farther south with each iteration.

Tritos series[edit]

This eclipse is a part of a tritos cycle, repeating at alternating nodes every 135 synodic months (≈ 3986.63 days, or 11 years minus 1 month). Their appearance and longitude are irregular due to a lack of synchronization with the anomalistic month (period of perigee), but groupings of 3 tritos cycles (≈ 33 years minus 3 months) come close (≈ 434.044 anomalistic months), so eclipses are similar in these groupings.

Metonic series[edit]

The metonic series repeats eclipses every 19 years (6939.69 days), lasting about 5 cycles. Eclipses occur in nearly the same calendar date. In addition the octon subseries repeats 1/5 of that or every 3.8 years (1387.94 days).

Notes[edit]

References[edit]