Solar eclipse of October 12, 1977

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Solar eclipse of October 12, 1977
Type of eclipse
Nature Total
Gamma 0.3836
Magnitude 1.0269
Maximum eclipse
Duration 157 sec (2 m 37 s)
Coordinates 14°06′N 123°36′W / 14.1°N 123.6°W / 14.1; -123.6
Max. width of band 99 km (62 mi)
Times (UTC)
Greatest eclipse 20:27:27
Saros 143 (21 of 72)
Catalog # (SE5000) 9459

A total solar eclipse occurred on October 12, 1977. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. A total solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is larger than the Sun's, blocking all direct sunlight, turning day into darkness. Totality occurs in a narrow path across Earth's surface, with the partial solar eclipse visible over a surrounding region thousands of kilometres wide. Totality was visible in the Pacific Ocean, Colombia and Venezuela.

Related eclipses[edit]

Solar eclipses of 1975-1978[edit]

Each member in a semester series of solar eclipses repeats approximately every 177 days and 4 hours (a semester) at alternating nodes of the Moon's orbit.

Metonic series[edit]

The metonic series repeats eclipses every 19 years (6939.69 days), lasting about 5 cycles. Eclipses occur in nearly the same calendar date. In addition, the octon subseries repeats 1/5 of that or every 3.8 years (1387.94 days).