Solar eclipse of October 14, 2023

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Solar eclipse of October 14, 2023
SE2023Oct14A.png
Map
Type of eclipse
NatureAnnular
Gamma0.3753
Magnitude0.952
Maximum eclipse
Duration317 sec (5 m 17 s)
Coordinates11°24′N 83°06′W / 11.4°N 83.1°W / 11.4; -83.1
Max. width of band187 km (116 mi)
Times (UTC)
Greatest eclipse18:00:41
References
Saros134 (44 of 71)
Catalog # (SE5000)9560

An annular solar eclipse will occur on Saturday, October 14, 2023. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. An annular solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is smaller than the Sun's, blocking most of the Sun's light and causing the Sun to look like an annulus (ring). An annular eclipse appears as a partial eclipse over a region of the Earth thousands of kilometres or miles wide. This will be the second annular eclipse visible from Albuquerque in 11 years, where it crosses the path of the May 2012 eclipse. Occurring only 4.6 days after apogee (Apogee on October 10, 2023), the moon's apparent diameter will be smaller. It also coincides with the last day of the Albuquerque Balloon Fiesta.

Future total solar eclipses will cross the United States in April 2024 (12 states) (Saros 139, Ascending Node) and August 2045 (10 states) (Saros 136, Descending Node), and an annular solar eclipse will occur in June 2048 (9 states) (Saros 128, Descending Node).

Visibility[edit]

United States[edit]

The path of the eclipse will begin to cross the United States in Oregon, entering at Dunes City, and passing over Newport, Crater Lake National Park, Umpqua and Fremont National Forests, Eugene, and Medford.[1] After passing over the northeast corner of California (in the Modoc National Forest), it will travel through Nevada (passing over Black Rock Desert, Winnemucca and Elko) and Utah (passing over Fishlake National Forest, Canyonlands National Park, Glen Canyon National Recreation Area, and Bluff).[1] After that, it will cover the northeast corner of Arizona (including Kayenta) and the southwest corner of Colorado (including Cortez and the Ute Mountain Reservation).[1] In New Mexico, it will pass over Farmington, Albuquerque, Santa Fe, Roswell and Carlsbad.[1] Afterwards, it will enter Texas, passing over Midland, Odessa, San Angelo, San Antonio and Corpus Christi before entering the Gulf of Mexico.[1]

Mexico[edit]

In Mexico, the eclipse will pass over the Yucatan Peninsula, covering Campeche City in Campeche State, Oxkutzcab in Yucatan State (coming close to Mérida), and Chetumal in Quintana Roo.[1]

Central America[edit]

In Belize, the eclipse will pass over Belmopan and Belize City before leaving land again; when it re-enters in Honduras, it will pass over La Ceiba and Catacamas, and in Nicaragua it will pass over Bluefields.[1] The point of greatest eclipse will occur near the coast of Nicaragua.[1] After that, in Costa Rica it will pass over Limon, and in Panama it will pass over Santiago and come close to Panama City. Its point of greatest duration will occur just off the coast of Nata, Panama.[1]

South America[edit]

In South America, the eclipse will enter Colombia from the Pacific Ocean and pass over Pereira, Armenia, Cali, Ibagué and Neiva.[1] In Brazil, it will pass over the states of Amazonas (covering Fonte Boa, Tefé and Coari), Pará (covering Parauapebas and Xinguara), Tocantins (Araguaína) Maranhão (Balsas), Piauí (Picos), Ceará (Juazeiro do Norte), Pernambuco (Araripina), Paraíba (João Pessoa) and Rio Grande do Norte (Natal) before ending in the Atlantic Ocean.[1]

Images[edit]

SE2023Oct14A.gif
Animated path

Related eclipses[edit]

Tzolkinex[edit]

Tritos[edit]

Half-Saros cycle[edit]

Solar Saros 134[edit]

Inex[edit]

Triad[edit]

Eclipses of 2023[edit]

Solar eclipses of 2022–2025[edit]

This eclipse is a member of a semester series. An eclipse in a semester series of solar eclipses repeats approximately every 177 days and 4 hours (a semester) at alternating nodes of the Moon's orbit.[2]

Solar eclipse series sets from 2022–2025
Ascending node   Descending node
Saros Map Gamma Saros Map Gamma
119
Eclipse solar parcial visto desde Santiago de Chile.jpg
Partial from Santiago, Chile
2022 April 30
SE2022Apr30P.png
Partial
-1.19008 124
Sun eclipse 25 oct 2022 in Saratov.jpg
Partial from Saratov, Russia
2022 October 25
SE2022Oct25P.png
Partial
1.07014
129 2023 April 20
SE2023Apr20H.png
Hybrid
-0.39515 134 2023 October 14
SE2023Oct14A.png
Annular
0.37534
139 2024 April 8
SE2024Apr08T.png
Total
0.34314 144 2024 October 2
SE2024Oct02A.png
Annular
-0.35087
149 2025 March 29
SE2025Mar29P.png
Partial
1.04053 154 2025 September 21
SE2025Sep21P.png
Partial
-1.06509

Saros 134[edit]

It is a part of Saros cycle 134, repeating every 18 years, 11 days, containing 71 events. The series started with partial solar eclipse on June 22, 1248. It contains total eclipses from October 9, 1428 through December 24, 1554 and hybrid eclipses from January 3, 1573 through June 27, 1843, and annular eclipses from July 8, 1861 through May 21, 2384. The series ends at member 71 as a partial eclipse on August 6, 2510. The longest duration of totality was 1 minutes, 30 seconds on October 9, 1428. All eclipses in this series occurs at the Moon’s descending node.[3]

Series members 32–48 occur between 1801 and 2100:
32 33 34
SE1807Jun06H.png
June 6, 1807
SE1825Jun16H.png
June 16, 1825
SE1843Jun27H.png
June 27, 1843
35 36 37
SE1861Jul08A.png
July 8, 1861
SE1879Jul19A.png
July 19, 1879
SE1897Jul29A.png
July 29, 1897
38 39 40
SE1915Aug10A.png
August 10, 1915
SE1933Aug21A.png
August 21, 1933
SE1951Sep01A.png
September 1, 1951
41 42 43
SE1969Sep11A.png
September 11, 1969
SE1987Sep23A.png
September 23, 1987
SE2005Oct03A.png
October 3, 2005
44 45 46
SE2023Oct14A.png
October 14, 2023
SE2041Oct25A.png
October 25, 2041
SE2059Nov05A.png
November 5, 2059
47 48
SE2077Nov15A.png
November 15, 2077
SE2095Nov27A.png
November 27, 2095

Inex series[edit]

This eclipse is a part of the long period inex cycle, repeating at alternating nodes, every 358 synodic months (≈ 10,571.95 days, or 29 years minus 20 days). Their appearance and longitude are irregular due to a lack of synchronization with the anomalistic month (period of perigee). However, groupings of 3 inex cycles (≈ 87 years minus 2 months) comes close (≈ 1,151.02 anomalistic months), so eclipses are similar in these groupings.

Tritos series[edit]

This eclipse is a part of a tritos cycle, repeating at alternating nodes every 135 synodic months (≈ 3986.63 days, or 11 years minus 1 month). Their appearance and longitude are irregular due to a lack of synchronization with the anomalistic month (period of perigee), but groupings of 3 tritos cycles (≈ 33 years minus 3 months) come close (≈ 434.044 anomalistic months), so eclipses are similar in these groupings.

Metonic series[edit]

The metonic series repeats eclipses every 19 years (6939.69 days), lasting about 5 cycles. Eclipses occur in nearly the same calendar date. In addition, the octon subseries repeats 1/5 of that or every 3.8 years (1387.94 days). All eclipses in this table occur at the Moon's descending node.[4]

Octon series with 21 events between May 21, 1993 and August 2, 2065
May 20–21 March 8–9 December 25–26 October 13–14 August 1–2
98 100 102 104 106
May 21, 1955 March 9, 1959 December 26, 1962 October 14, 1966 August 2, 1970
108 110 112 114 116
May 21, 1974 March 9, 1978 December 26, 1981 October 14, 1985 August 1, 1989
118 120 122 124 126
SE1993May21P.png
May 21, 1993
SE1997Mar09T.png
March 9, 1997
SE2000Dec25P.png
December 25, 2000
SE2004Oct14P.png
October 14, 2004
SE2008Aug01T.png
August 1, 2008
128 130 132 134 136
SE2012May20A.png
May 20, 2012
SE2016Mar09T.png
March 9, 2016
SE2019Dec26A.png
December 26, 2019
SE2023Oct14A.png
October 14, 2023
SE2027Aug02T.png
August 2, 2027
138 140 142 144 146
SE2031May21A.png
May 21, 2031
SE2035Mar09A.png
March 9, 2035
SE2038Dec26T.png
December 26, 2038
SE2042Oct14A.png
October 14, 2042
SE2046Aug02T.png
August 2, 2046
148 150 152 154 156
SE2050May20H.png
May 20, 2050
SE2054Mar09P.png
March 9, 2054
SE2057Dec26T.png
December 26, 2057
SE2061Oct13A.png
October 13, 2061
SE2065Aug02P.png
August 2, 2065
158 160 162 164 166
SE2069May20P.png
May 20, 2069
March 8, 2073 December 26, 2076 October 13, 2080 August 1, 2084

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k NASA – Annular Solar Eclipse of 2023 Oct 14
  2. ^ van Gent, R.H. "Solar- and Lunar-Eclipse Predictions from Antiquity to the Present". A Catalogue of Eclipse Cycles. Utrecht University. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  3. ^ "NASA - Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 134". eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov.
  4. ^ Note S1: Eclipses & Predictions in Freeth, Tony (2014). "Eclipse Prediction on the Ancient Greek Astronomical Calculating Machine Known as the Antikythera Mechanism". PLOS ONE. 9 (7): e103275. Bibcode:2014PLoSO...9j3275F. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0103275. PMC 4116162. PMID 25075747.

External links[edit]