Solar eclipse of October 23, 1976

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Solar eclipse of October 23, 1976
Type of eclipse
Nature Total
Gamma -0.327
Magnitude 1.0572
Maximum eclipse
Duration 286 sec (4 m 46 s)
Coordinates 30°00′S 92°18′E / 30°S 92.3°E / -30; 92.3
Max. width of band 199 km (124 mi)
Times (UTC)
Greatest eclipse 5:13:45
Saros 133 (43 of 72)
Catalog # (SE5000) 9457

A total solar eclipse occurred on October 23, 1976. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. A total solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is larger than the Sun's, blocking all direct sunlight, turning day into darkness. Totality occurs in a narrow path across Earth's surface, with the partial solar eclipse visible over a surrounding region thousands of kilometres wide. This total solar eclipse began at sunrise in Tanzania near the border with Burundi, with the path of totality passing just north of the large Tanzanian city of Dar es Salaam. It then crossed the Indian Ocean before making landfall in southeastern Australia. The largest city that saw totality was Melbourne. After leaving the Australian mainland, the path of totality left the Earth's surface just north of the north island of New Zealand.

Related eclipses[edit]

Solar eclipses of 1975-1978[edit]

Each member in a semester series of solar eclipses repeats approximately every 177 days and 4 hours (a semester) at alternating nodes of the Moon's orbit.

Solar eclipse series sets from 1975-1978
Descending node   Ascending node
Saros Map Saros Map
118 SE1975May11P.png
May 11, 1975
123 SE1975Nov03P.png
November 3, 1975
128 SE1976Apr29A.png
April 29, 1976
133 SE1976Oct23T.png
October 23, 1976
138 SE1977Apr18A.png
April 18, 1977
143 SE1977Oct12T.png
October 12, 1977
148 SE1978Apr07P.png
April 7, 1978
153 SE1978Oct02P.png
October 2, 1978

Saros 133[edit]

Solar Saros 133, repeating every 18 years, 11 days, contains 72 events. The series started with a partial solar eclipse on July 13, 1219. It contains annular eclipses from November 20, 1435, through January 13, 1526, with a hybrid eclipse on January 24, 1544. It has total eclipses from February 3, 1562, through June 21, 2373. The series ends at member 72 as a partial eclipse on September 5, 2499. The longest duration of totality was 6 minutes, 50 seconds on August 7, 1850.[1] The total eclipses of this saros series are getting shorter and farther south with each iteration.

Metonic series[edit]

The metonic series repeats eclipses every 19 years (6939.69 days), lasting about 5 cycles. Eclipses occur in nearly the same calendar date. In addition the octon subseries repeats 1/5 of that or every 3.8 years (1387.94 days).