Energy in Algeria

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Jijel power plant

Energy in Algeria describes energy and electricity production, consumption and import in Algeria. Energy policy of Algeria will describe the energy policy in the politics of Algeria more in detail. Algeria is an OPEC country.

Primary energy use in 2009 in Algeria was 462 TWh and 13 TWh per million persons.[1]

And current profits made from this energy is estimated to be about 17 B$ (Billion Dollars) which is almost half of the country's Profits in 2016.

Overview[edit]

Energy in Algeria[2]
Capita Prim. energy Production Export Electricity CO2-emission
Million TWh TWh TWh TWh Mt
2004 32.4 383 1,927 1,539 26.3 77.8
2007 33.9 429 1,911 1,482 30.6 85.7
2008 34.4 431 1,885 1,439 32.9 88.1
2009 34.9 462 1,771 1,299 33.9 92.5
2010 35.47 470 1,751 1,268 36.4 98.6
2012 35.98 487 1,696 1,201 41.2 103,9
2012R 38.48 539 1,672 1,131 46.3 114.4
2013 39.21 553 1,601 1,037 48.8 113.9
Change 2004-10 9.6% 22.7% -9.2% -17.6% 38.5% 26.6%
Mtoe = 11.63 TWh

2012R = CO2 calculation criteria changed, numbers updated

Natural gas[edit]

Countries by natural gas proven reserves (2014)

Algeria was top 5. exporter of natural gas in 2009 with 55 billion cubic metres (bcm) net export behind 1) Russia 169 bcm, 2) Norway 100 bcm, 3) Canada 76 bcm and 4) Qatar 67 bcm.[3]

Top natural gas producers in 2009 were: 1) USA 594 bcm, 2) Russia 589 bcm, 3) Canada 159 bcm, Iran 144 bcm, 4) Norway 106 bcm, 5) China 90 bcm, 6) Qatar 89 bcm, and 7) Algeria 81 bcm.[3]

Gas Pipelines[edit]

The Trans-Mediterranean Pipeline (TransMed) is a natural gas pipeline from Algeria via Tunisia to Sicily and Italy constructed in 1978-1983 and 1991-1994.

The Maghreb–Europe Gas Pipeline is 1,620 kilometres long natural gas pipeline from Algeria via Morocco to Spain.

Nuclear Energy[edit]

Since 1995 Algeria operates research reactors at Draria and Aïn Oussera. It signed nuclear cooperation agreements with Russia in January 2007, with the United States in June 2007, and with China in March 2008.[4][5] Algeria has discussed nuclear cooperation also with France.

Oil[edit]

Algeria is a member of OPEC . In 2008 Algeria was the top 7th oil products exporter. Less than 11% of worlds oil products were exported. Total world crude oil export was 1 952 Mt and oil products export 411 Mt in 2008.[3]

Oil fields include Hassi Messaoud oil field, Ourhoud Oil Field and Rhourde El Baguel oil field.

Solar power[edit]

Algeria has the highest technical and economical potential for solar power exploitation in the MENA region, with about 170 TWh per year. First industrial scale solar thermal power project has been initiated by inauguration of Hassi R'Mel power station in 2011. This new hybrid power plant combines a 25-megawatt (MW) concentrating solar power array in conjunction with a 130 MW combined cycle gas turbine plant.

In addition, Algeria has launched in 2011 a national program to develop renewable energy based on photovoltaics (PV), concentrated solar power (CSP) and wind power, and to promote energy efficiency. The program consists of installing up to 12 GW of power generating capacity from renewable sources to meet the domestic electricity demand by 2030.[6]

Largest Algerian photovoltaic power stations [7]
PV Power station Capacity
in MW p
Notes
High Plateaus East, Adrar 90 completed 2016, Built by Sinohydro Corp (PowerChina), Yingli Green Energy Holding, HydroChina, owned by SKTM (Sonelgaz) [7]
High Plateaus Centre, Adrar 90 completed 2016, Built by Sinohydro Corp (PowerChina), Yingli Green Energy Holding, HydroChina, owned by SKTM (Sonelgaz) [7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ IEA Key energy statistics 2011 Page: Country specific indicator numbers from page 48
  2. ^ IEA Key World Energy Statistics Statistics 2015, 2014 (2012R as in November 2015 + 2012 as in March 2014 is comparable to previous years statistical calculation criteria, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009 Archived 2013-10-07 at the Wayback Machine, 2006 Archived 2009-10-12 at the Wayback Machine IEA October, crude oil p.11, coal p. 13 gas p. 15
  3. ^ a b c IEA Key energy statistics 2010
  4. ^ "Emerging Nuclear Energy Countries". World Nuclear Association. April 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-22.
  5. ^ "Middle Eastern nations do nuclear diplomacy". World Nuclear News. 2008-03-25. Retrieved 2008-05-18.
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-11-30. Retrieved 2014-11-28.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ a b c Making Solar Bankable [1]