Solar power in Arizona
Solar power in Arizona has the potential to, according to then-Governor Janet Napolitano, make Arizona "the Persian Gulf of solar energy". In 2012, Arizona had 1,106 MW of photovoltaic (PV) solar power systems, and 6 MW of concentrated solar power (CSP), bringing the total to over 1,112 megawatts (MW) of solar power. The Solana Generating Station is a 280 MW parabolic trough solar plant which is the largest plant of its type in the world. Solana includes 6 hours of power storage by molten salt. The plant will provide 5% of the power from Arizona Public Service, the state's largest utility.
A Renewable Portfolio Standard set by the Arizona Corporation Commission requires 15% renewable energy by 2025 among regulated utilities, 4.5% of which must come from distributed renewable energy sources. As of January 30, 2013[update], 19 projects, with a total nameplate capacity of 13.450 gigawatts (GW) are actively seeking permission to build on federally owned BLM land in Arizona, and one, the 300 MW Sonoran Solar Project has been approved.
The first commercial solar power system in the state is the 1997 95 kilowatt (kW) single-axis tracking photovoltaic plant in Flagstaff, Arizona, operated by Arizona Public Service (APS). In 1999, the city of Scottsdale covered an 8,500 square feet (790 m2) parking lot with photovoltaic panels, to both provide shaded parking, and generate 93 kW of solar power. In 2001 APS and Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University constructed a 190 kW single-axis tracking photovoltaic power plant.
In 2001, the Springerville Generating Station Solar System was built by Tucson Electric Power, one of the first large scale photovoltaic power stations. Originally 4.6 MW, it has been expanded to 6.4 MW. In 2002, Love Field Airport, in Prescott, Arizona, began construction of a 5 megawatt (MW) photovoltaic power plant. By July 2006, it had a peak capacity of 2.879 MWAC.
The two operating concentrated solar power plants are the 1 MW Saguaro Solar Power Plant completed in 2005, the first commercial CSP plant of the 3rd millennium, and a 5 MW solar trough system at the University of Arizona Solar Tech Park project which was completed in 2011. The 280 MW Solano Generating Station is under construction. The 1.5 MW Maricopa Solar Power Plant completed in 2010, using Stirling dish technology, was decommissioned in September 2011 and sold at auction on April 17, 2012 to CondiSys Solar Technology of China, for $250,000.
In 2008 Governor Janet Napolitano said that Arizona had the potential to become "the Persian Gulf of solar energy". In 2012, the NREL determined that Arizona has the potential to install 5,147 GW of photovoltaic power plants, and/or up to 3,528 GW of concentrated solar power plants (CSP), sufficient to generate more than three times total US consumption in 2012. According to a study by the Solar Energy Industries Association (SEIA) and GTM Research, Arizona installed over 55 megawatts of solar power in 2010, doubling its 2009 increase of 21 MW, ranking it behind California (259 MW), New Jersey (137 MW), Florida (110 MW), and Nevada (61 MW). By the end of 2011, Arizona had installed 383 MW of photovoltaics, in third place, behind New Jersey, and California.
In 2012 the first 100 MW of the Agua Caliente Solar Project was connected to the grid, making it the largest photovoltaic power plant in North America, and third largest in the world, being slightly larger than the 97 MW Sarnia Photovoltaic Power Plant. By July over 200 MW had been completed, making it the largest photovoltaic power plant in the world. By September 2012, 250 MW (AC) had been completed.
The Solana Generating Station completed testing in October 2013. The 280 MW parabolic trough solar plant is the largest plant of its type in the world. Solana includes 6 hours of power storage by molten salt. The plant will provide 5% of the power for Arizona Public Service, the state's largest utility.
Historically, Arizona has had one of the most successful solar incentive programs in the United States. However, as of February, 2013, the Arizona Corporation Commission has completely eliminated commercial incentives and has severely reduced the amount of residential incentives available. Still, some of the country's largest solar providers continue to do business in the state, including the largest solar contractor in the US, First Solar.
Community solar farms
Arizona has two community solar farms. Tucson Electric Power has a 1.6 MW community solar farm southeast of Tucson. Consumers can purchase 150 kWh for about $3/month. The 227 kW Trico Sun Farm in Marana allows Trico customers to purchase solar panels in one quarter increments for $920, and receive a credit of the output, about 36 kWh, each month for 20 years, worth about $5. Customers can purchase up to their average usage for the last 12 months, up to 10,000 watts.
|Arizona Solar Capacity (MWp)|
|Capacity||Installed||% Change||Capacity||Installed||% Change|
Arizona utility scale solar electric generation:
(% of AZ total)
(% of US Solar)
(*) Preliminary data from Electric Power Monthly.
Beginning with the 2014 data year, Energy Information Administration has estimated distributed solar photovoltaic generation and distributed solar photovoltaic capacity. These non-utility scale estimates project that, Arizona, generated the following additional solar energy.
|Year||Summer Capacity (MW)||Electric energy (GWh or M kWh)|
|400||Mesquite Solar project||Maricopa County||west of Arlington
||photovoltaic||150 MW phase 1 online Jan 2013 |
|290||Agua Caliente Solar Project||Yuma County||Palomas Plain
||photovoltaic||290 MW AC online April 2014|
|280||Solana Generating Station||Maricopa County||southwest of Phoenix
||solar thermal with
6 hours storage
|Two 140 MW generators online October 2013. |
|125||Arlington Valley Solar Energy II||Maricopa County||west of Arlington
||photovoltaic||125 MW AC online May 2013|
Proposed large projects
|1,200||Sterling Solar Generating Facility||Mohave County||southeast of Needles, CA
|340||Hualapai Valley Solar Project||Mohave County||Hualapai Valley
|325||Hyder Valley Solar Energy Project||Yuma County||Palomas Plain
|parabolic trough||200 MW phase 1, 125 MW phase 2|
|300||Sonoran Solar Project||Maricopa County||south of Buckeye
|photovoltaic|| Approved late 2011|
|215||Crossroads Solar Energy Project||Maricopa County||west of Gila Bend
|solar power tower with 10 hours of heat storage; 65 MW of PV|||
|100||Quartzsite Solar Energy Project||La Paz County||north of Quartzsite
As of October 16, 2008, Arizona has one of the most consumer-friendly net metering laws in the country. Excess generation is rolled over month to month, and any surplus is returned annually to the consumer at the avoided cost rate. IREC best practices, based on experience, recommends perpetual roll over of kWh credits. Arizona had 642 MW of rooftop solar in 2015. Historically, the states' utilities have led repeated, failed efforts to eliminate net metering.  But after a year of wrangling with the solar industry, the Arizona Corporation Commission (ACC) decided in December 2016 to lower net-metering reimbursement rates significantly, leading to a temporary lull in rooftop solar installations because the lower rates made solar installations less economical for most residential and commercial installations.
Behind the scenes, however, Arizona Public Service negotiated a settlement with the solar industry in March 2017, which is still pending official approval from the ACC. In July, Administrative Law Judge Teena Jibilian gave the agreement a boost when she recommended, in a more than 427-page statement, that the ACC approve the deal.
Renewable Portfolio Standard
The Arizona Renewable Portfolio Standard calls for 15% renewable energy by 2025, and 4.5% (30% of that) from distributed generation from renewable sources. Renewable Energy Certificates (RECs), may be purchased to meet the requirement.
Arizona Solar Business Directory
The Arizona Solar Business Directory contains almost 100 solar installation companies that do business in Arizona and is maintained by the Arizona Solar Power Society. The business directory allows consumers and commercial customers to contact a number of different companies to get the best deal and best performing products in the solar industry.
Arizona Solar Watchdog Program
The purpose of the Arizona Solar Watchdog Program is to teach consumers how to check a solar installation contractor's license, credentials and work history. Every contractor in Arizona needs to be registered with the Arizona Registrar of Contractors. Each contractor is issued a Registrar of Contractors' license number, which can be looked up using the step-by-step process outlined under the Arizona Solar Watchdog Program.
- Index of Arizona-related articles
- List of photovoltaic power stations
- Outline of Arizona
- Wind power in Arizona
- Solana, the largest solar power plant in the world Archived 2013-06-19 at the Wayback Machine
- Davis, Tony (February 12, 2009). "Arizona: the West's solar source". Arizona Daily Star. Retrieved 2009-05-30.
- Oseguera, Oso (July 7, 2010). "Sunny Mexico: An Energy Opportunity". Greentech Media. Retrieved 2010-07-07.
- Pending Solar Projects
- Sonoran Solar Energy
- Springerville Generating Station Solar System
- Five Years of Operating Experience at the Springerville PV Generating Plant
- APS Solar Power Plants Archived 2007-07-17 at the Wayback Machine
- Prescott Airport Solar Power Plant Archived 2009-04-19 at the Wayback Machine
- UA Tech Park Thermal Storage Demonstration Project
- SRP 1.5 MW Maricopa Solar Plant – Peoria, Arizona
- Stirling Dish Technology Report
- Former Stirling power plant in Peoria to be sold, disassembled
- Top bid on plant is $250K
- Myers, Amanda Lee (February 22, 2008). "Huge solar power plant planned in Gila Bend by Spanish company". Associated Press. Retrieved 2009-05-30.
- Renewable Energy Technical Potential Archived 2012-09-15 at the Wayback Machine
- "U.S. Solar Market Insight: 2010 Year in Review (Executive Summary)" (link to PDF). SEIU & GTM. March 10, 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-28.
- Arizona solar plant reaches historic mark
- World's Largest Operational Solar PV Project, Agua Caliente, Achieves 250 Megawatts of Grid-Connected Power Archived 2013-05-01 at the Wayback Machine
- Sempra Completes first phase of Mesquite Solar Project
- Mark Bissegger (March 13, 2013). "Arizona Takes Steps Towards Incentive Free Solar". ClearSky Advisors. Retrieved 2013-03-18.
- Solar Power World
- Trico customers can buy power from 'sun farm'
- SunWatts Sun Farm FAQs
- Sherwood, Larry (August 2012). "U.S. Solar Market Trends 2011" (PDF). Interstate Renewable Energy Council (IREC). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-09-06. Retrieved 2012-08-16.
- Sherwood, Larry (July 2010). "U.S. Solar Market Trends 2009" (PDF). Interstate Renewable Energy Council (IREC). p. 23. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-09-25. Retrieved 2012-07-12.
- Sherwood, Larry (June 2011). "U.S. Solar Market Trends 2010" (PDF). Interstate Renewable Energy Council (IREC). p. 20. Retrieved 2011-06-29.
- Sherwood, Larry (July 2009). "U.S. Solar Market Trends 2008" (PDF). Interstate Renewable Energy Council (IREC). p. 16. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-11-23. Retrieved 2010-07-24.
- Sherwood, Larry (July 2012). "U.S. Solar Market Trends 2012" (PDF). Interstate Renewable Energy Council (IREC). p. 16. Retrieved 2013-10-11.
- Sherwood, Larry (July 2014). "U.S. Solar Market Trends 2013" (PDF). Interstate Renewable Energy Council (IREC). Retrieved 2014-09-26.
- Arizona Solar
- "Electric Power Monthly-Data Browser " retrieved 2018-3-17
- "Electric Power Monthly"  retrieved 2016-3-10
- “Electric Power Monthly” |title=Electric Power Monthly (February 2018 with data for December 2017) - Table 6.2.B. Net Summer Capacity using Primarily Renewable Sources retrieved 2018 7 19
- “Electric Power Monthly” |title=Electric Power Monthly (February 2018 with data for December 2017) - Table 1.17.B. Net Generation from Solar Photovoltaic retrieved 2018 7 19
- "Sempra Generation Mesquite Solar Phase 1". Retrieved 2019-02-10.
- "Sempra Generation Mesquite Solar Phase 2". Retrieved 2019-02-10.
- "Sempra Generation Mesquite Solar Phase 3". Retrieved 2019-02-10.
- Woody, Todd (February 4, 2011). "Arizona Solar Plant Picks Chinese Supplier". The New York Times. Retrieved 2019-02-10.
- "World's Biggest Solar PV Plant a Feather in DOE's Cap". Breaking Energy. 30 April 2014.
- "Solana, the largest parabolic trough plant in the world". Abengoa. Retrieved 2019-02-10.
- "Arlington Valley Solar Energy II". Fluor. 30 April 2014.
- "Sterling Solar Generating Facility Looks to File for Transmission Access" (PDF). Needle Mountain Power, LLC. January 15, 2010. Retrieved 2010-02-01.
- Adams, Suzanne (January 28, 2010). "Massive solar plant proposed for Havasu". Kingman Daily Miner. Retrieved 2010-07-07.
- Hanson, Jayne (July 4, 2010). "Estimates for solar project down by $1B". Today's News-Herald. Retrieved 2010-07-07.
- Dong, Mitchell (April 1, 2009). "Mitchell Dong - Alternative Energy Entrepreneur". Mohave Sun Power. Archived from the original (slideshow) on October 9, 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-15.
- Adams, Suzanne (May 13, 2009). "Another solar plant on tap". Kingman Daily Miner. Archived from the original on May 3, 2011. Retrieved 2009-05-15.
- Chilton, James (September 18, 2009). "P&Z OKs Hualapai Valley Solar plan". Kingman Daily Miner. Retrieved 2009-09-19.
- "Hyder Valley Solar Project". BLM. Retrieved 2013-04-28.
- "Sonoran Solar Energy Project". Bureau of Land Management (BLM). October 20, 2010. Retrieved 2011-03-28.
- "US CSP Project Tracker" (PDF). Greentech Media. May 13, 2009. Retrieved 2011-03-28.
- Solar Development on Public Lands in Arizona
- "Crossroads Solar Energy Project". SolarReserve. Retrieved 2011-02-06.
- Prior, Brett (February 9, 2011). "As One Solar Thermal Project Dies, Another is Born". Greentech Media. Retrieved 2011-02-10.
- "Project Overview". Crossroads Solar Energy Project. Retrieved 2011-02-10.
- "SolarReserve's 150MW AZ Solar Energy Project Approved". Crossroads Solar Energy Project. November 21, 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-30.
- "Quartzsite Solar Energy Project". BLM. February 2, 2010. Retrieved 2011-03-28.
- Net Metering
- Net Metering and Interconnection Procedures Incorporating Best Practices
- 2016 State of the Interconnection page 10-14 + 18-23. WECC, 2016. Archive
- "APS, pro-solar group together spend $6 million on Arizona Corporation Commission races". pv magazine USA. Retrieved 2017-07-28.
- "Arizona's changes to net metering could derail the state's rooftop solar market". pv magazine USA. Retrieved 2017-07-28.
- "Arizona Administrative Law Judge's Full Decision On APS, solar industry agreement" (PDF). Retrieved July 28, 2017.
- "Arizona sun rises: Judge endorses APS, solar industry settlement". pv magazine USA. Retrieved 2017-07-28.
- Renewable Energy Standard Archived 2008-04-14 at the Wayback Machine
- Arizona Solar Business Directory
- Arizona Solar Watchdog Program Archived 2012-07-31 at Archive.today
- Arizona Registrar of Contractors
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Solar power in Arizona.|
- Arizona Goes Solar
- Arizona Solar Center
- Arizona Solar Energy Association (ASEA)
- Arizona Solar Energy Industries Association (AriSEIA)
- Arizona Governor's Office of Energy Policy (replaces the AZ Dept. of Commerce Energy Office)
- Arizona Registrar of Contractors
- Renewable portfolio
- Solar Arizona